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Robert Owen

(1771–1858) Welsh social reformer. Owen is best remembered as a campaigner against the abuses of the industrial revolution, and for the model cotton factory he set up in New ...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
22 words

..., Robert ( 1771–1858 ), Utopian socialist and author : b., dies, and is commemorated at Newtown, Powys. A New View of Society 1813...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

..., Robert ( 1771–1858 ), Utopian socialist and philanthropist , whose radical ideas on the need for cultural transformation, outlined in New Moral World ( 1834 ) and numerous tracts, inspired Trollope 's mother to visit the Nashoba community in Tennessee. Mrs Trollope sailed for America in a group including Owen's son, Robert Dale Owen . Despite being appalled by the poverty at Nashoba, she sent her son Henry to Owen's New Harmony settlement, where he stayed a month before rejoining his mother in Cincinnati, Ohio. RCT R. C....

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
59 words

..., Robert ( 1771–1858 ) Welsh social reformer . Owen is best remembered as a campaigner against the abuses of the industrial revolution, and for the model cotton factory he set up in New Lanark. In political philosophy he was an early advocate of communal ownership of the means of production by workers’ co-operatives rather than the State. See syndicalism...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
611 words

...was published as The Life of Robert Owen Written by Himself (2 vols., 1857–1858 ). Modern editions of his works include A New View of Society and Other Writings, edited by G. Claeys (Harmondsworth, Penguin Books, 1991 ), and Selected Works of Robert Owen, edited by G. Claeys (4 vols., Pickering and Chatto, 1993 ). Bibliography Claeys, Gregory , ed. Selected Works of Robert Owen . 4 vols. London, 1993. Harrison, J. F. C. Robert Owen and the Owenites in Britain and America . London, 1969. Podmore, Frank . Robert Owen: A Biography . London, 1923....

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
109 words

..., Robert ( 1771–1858 ). Cotton magnate and utopian socialist. Born in Newtown (Powys), Owen became a partner in cotton firms in Lancashire and at New Lanark (Strathclyde), where he managed the mills and village ( 1800–25 ), gaining a reputation as a successful and humanitarian businessman. His experience led him to publish A New View of Society ( 1814–18 ), in which he argued that character was formed by environment, and that a system of villages of co‐operation rather than unplanned large industrial towns was conducive to social progress. Described as...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
75 words

..., Robert ( 1771–1858 ) Socialist and philanthropist . In 1799 he purchased the New Lanark mills in Scotland, where he established his model community and village, organized on principles of mutual cooperation. His example was instrumental in bringing about the Factory Act of 1819 . He published A New View of Society in 1813 and The Revolution in Mind and Practice of the Human Race in 1849 . Owen was notorious in later life for his...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
171 words

..., Robert ( 1771–1858 ) Socialist and philanthropist . He was born in Wales, the son of a shopkeeper, and became the wealthy owner of cotton‐spinning mills in Manchester. In 1799 he purchased the New Lanark mills in Scotland, where he established his model community and village, organized on principles of mutual cooperation, as well as infant schools and other educational institutions. His example was instrumental in bringing about the Factory Act of 1819 , although, disappointed with the slow rate of reform, he left Britain in 1821 for some years to...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., Robert ( 1771–1858 ) British social reformer A New View of Society ( 1813 ) Non-Fiction Observations on the Effect of the Manufacturing System ( 1815 ) Non-Fiction Manifesto ( 1840 ) Non-Fiction Letters on Education ( 1849 ) Non-Fiction The Future of the Human Race ( 1853 ) ...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Reference library

John Butt

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
157 words

..., Robert ( 1771–1858 ) . Cotton magnate and utopian socialist. Born in Newtown (Powys), Owen became a partner in cotton firms in Lancashire and at New Lanark (Strathclyde), where he managed the mills and village ( 1800–25 ), gaining a reputation as a successful and humanitarian businessman. His experience led him to publish A New View of Society ( 1814–18 ), in which he advanced propositions that character was formed by environment, and that a system of villages of co-operation rather than unplanned large industrial towns was conducive to social...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Scottish History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
390 words

..., Robert ( 1771–1858 ), businessman, social reformer, and pioneer socialist. He and his partners early in 1799 bought the New Lanark Mill which Richard Arkwright and David Dale had established fifteen years previously. The mill already had a reputation as a humane place of work, but Owen, now married to Caroline Dale, extended paternalistic control. In 1813 he published A New View of Society in which he argued that character was formed by ‘circumstances’, the environment in which an individual was educated and raised, and consequently could be...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of British Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
2,349 words

...Mr Owen’s Proposed Arrangements for the Distressed Working Classes shown to be consistent with Sound Principles of Political Economy, in three letters to David Ricardo, MP (1819). Report to the County of Lanark (1821). Life of Robert Owen by Himself (1857). Further Reading Butt, J. (ed.), Robert Owen: Prince of Cotton Spinners (Newton Abbot, 1971). Claeys, G., Machinery , Money and the Millennium: From Moral Economy to Socialism, 1815–1860 (Princeton, 1987). ——, Selected Works of Robert Owen , 4 vols (1993). Donnachie, I. , Robert Owen: Owen of New...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
153 words

...Owen, Robert ( 1771–1858 ) , “the father of English socialism,” at an early age made a commercial success of his cotton mills at New Lanark, Scotland, and then aided workers by instituting economic, moral, and educational reforms. In A New View of Society ( 1813 ), he set forth his view that to create a good man one must surround him with the proper physical, moral, and social influences. To test his theories he came to America ( 1824 ) and founded New Harmony ( 1825 ), a socialized, agricultural community whose settlers (about 1000) were impractical idealists...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Quick reference

Keith Taylor

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
297 words

..., Robert ( 1771–1858 ) Pioneer British communitarian socialist , advocating cooperative experiments on the scale of between 2,000 and 3,000 people. He put his ideas into practice at New Lanark in Scotland (founded in 1800 ) and at New Harmony, Indiana (from 1824 to 1829 ). The clearest exposition of the ideas which underpinned his approach to social reform is to be found in A New View of Society ( 1812–13 ), and in particular the theory is put forward that human character and behaviour are always shaped by the social environment. Accordingly, it was...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., Robert ( 1771–1858 ), industrialist and founder of British *socialism . Owen's career can be divided into two main phases: before and after 1817 . Owen's life until 1817 was one of the great success stories of his day. His origins were obscure, but after serving an apprenticeship as a shop assistant, he became a pioneer in the field of cotton-spinning, beginning in Manchester in the early 1790s and then most famously at the New Lanark cotton mills built up by the *philanthropic industrialist David Dale , whose management he assumed in 1800 . From...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,077 words

...Robert Owen … and Alexander Campbell , 2 vols (Bethany, Virginia, 1829). The Evidences of Christianity ; A Debate between Robert Owen, of New Lanark, Scotland, and Alexander Campbell (Cincinnati, Ohio, 1829). An Address by Robert Owen on His System Delivered at the City of London Tavern, April 12th, 1830 (1830). The Book of the New Moral World , pts 1–7 (1836–44). Socialism, or the Rational System of Society (1840). A Development of the Origins and Effects of Moral Evil (Manchester, 1838). The Coming Millennium (1855). The Life of Robert Owen,...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
103 words

..., Robert ( 1771–1858 ) Welsh social reformer and industrialist. A pioneer socialist thinker, he believed that character is a product of the social environment. He founded a model industrial community centred on his cotton mills at New Lanark in Scotland; this was organized on principles of mutual cooperation, with improved working conditions and housing together with educational institutions provided for workers and their families. He went on to found a series of other cooperative communities; although these did not always succeed, his ideas had an important...

Owen, Robert

Owen, Robert (1771–1858)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
265 words

...led Owen to propose the foundation of socialized agricultural communities of some 1200 persons. To test his theories he came to America ( 1824 ) and founded New Harmony . Robert Dale Owen ( 1801–77 ), his son, emigrated to the U.S. in 1825 , and was active in the New Harmony community and with Frances Wright in the Nashoba Community, as well as in other reform associations. He put his theories of public education into practice as a member of the Indiana legislature, and, while a Democratic member of Congress ( 1843–47 ), was instrumental in organizing the...

Robert Owen

Robert Owen (1771–1858)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
52 words

...0Robert Robert Owen 1771 – 1858 Welsh -born socialist and philanthropist All the world is queer save thee and me, and even thou art a little queer. to his partner W. Allen, on severing business relations at New Lanark, 1828 attributed All the world is queer save thee and me save thee and ...

Robert Owen

Robert Owen (1771–1858)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
52 words

...0Robert Robert Owen 1771 – 1858 Welsh -born socialist and philanthropist All the world is queer save thee and me, and even thou art a little queer. to his partner W. Allen, on severing business relations at New Lanark, 1828 attributed All the world is queer save thee and me save thee and ...

Robert Owen

Robert Owen (1771–1858)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
52 words

...0Robert Robert Owen 1771 – 1858 Welsh -born socialist and philanthropist All the world is queer save thee and me, and even thou art a little queer. to his partner W. Allen, on severing business relations at New Lanark, 1828 attributed All the world is queer save thee and me save thee and ...

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