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Robert Nozick

Subject: Philosophy

(1938–2002) Harvard philosopher. Nozick's early reputation rested on Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1974), an uncompromising rejection of more than minimal state action, and in ...

Nozick, Robert

Nozick, Robert   Reference library

Russell Hardin

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
149 words

..., Robert ( 1938–2002 ). A philosopher of remarkably varied interests, whose most influential work presented an articulate defence of a bare-bones libertarianism . Nozick argued that the state cannot have a very large role in the economy and society if the libertarian rights of individuals are to prevail. In general, he argued against end-state theories, such as utilitarianism or John Rawls's theory of justice , and in favour of process theories that focus on the rightness of piecemeal actions independently of their contribution to a final state of...

Nozick, Robert

Nozick, Robert (1938–2002)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
129 words

..., Robert ( 1938–2002 ) Harvard philosopher . Nozick’s early reputation rested on Anarchy, State, and Utopia ( 1974 ), an uncompromising rejection of more than minimal state action, and in particular a rebuttal of redistributive taxation, as had been advocated by John Rawls . The result is a libertarian heaven of absolute property rights, at any rate for those who possess any property. Philosophical Explanations ( 1981 ) was a wider-ranging exploration of epistemology and metaphysics , most memorable for its defence of a counterfactual ...

Nozick, Robert

Nozick, Robert (1938–2002)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,524 words

...Onora . “ Nozick’s Entitlements, ” Inquiry 19 (1976): 468–81. Paul, Jeffrey ed. Reading Nozick: Essays on Anarchy, State and Utopia (Lanham, Md., 1981). Schmidtz, David ed. Robert Nozick (Cambridge, UK, 2002). Sosa, Ernest “ Beyond Skepticism, To the Best of Our Knowledge, ” Mind 97 (1988): 153–88. Sterba, James P. “ In Defense of Rawls against Arrow and Nozick, ” Philosophia 7 (1978): 293–303. Luper, Stephen ed. The Possibility of Knowledge: Nozick and His Critics (Totowa, N.J., 1987). Wolff, Jonathan . Robert Nozick: Property, Justice...

Nozick, Robert

Nozick, Robert   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Robert ( 1938–2002 ), American philosopher , born in Brooklyn, New York, educated at Columbia University and at Princeton, where he was an assistant professor until 1965 . Before being appointed to a professorship at Harvard in 1969 , he held several posts, including an associate professorship at Rockefeller University; in 1985 he became Harvard's Arthur Kingsley Porter Professor of Philosophy. Nozick's reputation was established with Anarchy, State, and Utopia ( 1974 ); this constituted the most persuasive critique of John Rawls 's highly...

Nozick, Robert

Nozick, Robert (1939–2002)   Quick reference

Stuart White

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
365 words

..., Robert ( 1939–2002 ) Philosopher , educated at Princeton University, New Jersey, and for many years based at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. His first book, Anarchy, State, and Utopia ( 1974 ), is a major contribution to contemporary political philosophy. The book develops a radical, rights‐based philosophy which supports a minimal state, eschewing income redistribution, confined to the task of providing security of person and property. In defence of the minimal state, Nozick sets out a striking ‘entitlement theory of justice’....

Robert Nozick

Robert Nozick  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1938–2002)Harvard philosopher. Nozick's early reputation rested on Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1974), an uncompromising rejection of more than minimal state action, and in particular a rebuttal of ...
deductive closure principle

deductive closure principle  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A principle in the logic of knowledge that has found general favour. It states that if S knows that p, and knows that p entails q, then S knows that q. Knowledge is preserved over known entailment. ...
side-constraint

side-constraint  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Moral constraint on the pursuit of an individual's goals. In particular, Robert Nozick, in Anarchy, State and Utopia, suggests looking at rights as side‐constraints. This perspective is presented as ...
Wilt Chamberlain argument

Wilt Chamberlain argument  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
In what is his best-known argument from Anarchy, State and Utopia (New York, 1974), Robert Nozick asks us to imagine that we are in a society that has just distributed ...
market socialism

market socialism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The doctrine that socialism can and should be achieved without a massive state apparatus. Market socialists believe that while capital can and should be owned cooperatively, or in some cases by the ...
Michael Walzer

Michael Walzer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1935– ).American political philosopher who has specialized in the study of democracy, justice, and ethical relativism. He is particularly interested in the processes through which each community ...
Kai Edward Nielsen

Kai Edward Nielsen  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1926–)Kai Nielsen was born on 15 May 1926 in Marshall, Michigan. He was raised in Moline, Illinois and after graduating from high school he attended the US Maritime Academy ...
Alvin I. Goldman

Alvin I. Goldman  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1938– ).Professor of Philosophy, University of Arizona, best known for a thoroughgoing ‘naturalized’ approach to epistemology, metaphysics, and the philosophy of mind, an approach that takes ...
David Gauthier

David Gauthier  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1932– ).Canadian moral philosopher who has specialized in the study of the relationship between reason and morality. He is a leading contemporary proponent of the view, descending from Hobbes, that ...
Alvin Plantinga

Alvin Plantinga  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1932– ).American philosopher known for the way in which he applies results of his work in other areas of analytic philosophy to traditional issues in philosophy of religion. In God ...
Saul Aaron Kripke

Saul Aaron Kripke  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1940– )American logician and philosopher. Born in New York and educated at Harvard and Oxford, Kripke made his early reputation as a logical prodigy, especially through work on the completeness of ...
labour theory of value

labour theory of value  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A statement postulated in Marxian economics that the value of goods and services is determined by the amount of direct and indirect labour inputs needed to produce them.
entitlement

entitlement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Benefits to which the recipients have a legal right. Such benefits form part of mandatory expenditure for the government. They are contrasted with discretionary benefits, which the donor is empowered ...
libertarianism

libertarianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A view that seeks to protect the reality of human free will by supposing that a free choice is not causally determined but not random either (see dilemma of determinism). What is needed is the ...
obligation

obligation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1. The duty of a borrower to repay a loan and that of the lender to ensure that repayment is made.2. A bond or other promise to pay a sum of money.

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