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Richard Wright

Subject: Literature

(1908–60), black American writer; he joined the Communist Party in the 1930s, but left in the 1940s, as he records in The God that Failed (1950). His best‐known novels are the ...

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard (b. 4 September 1908)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,572 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Diego, Calif.: Greenhaven, 2000. Rowley, Hazel . Richard Wright: The Life and Times . New York: Henry Holt, 2001. Walker, Margaret . Richard Wright: Daemonic Genius . New York: Warner Books, 1988. Weiss, M. Lynn . Gertrude Stein and Richard Wright: The Poetics and Politics of Modernism . Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1998. Wright, Richard . “Blueprint for Negro Writing.” In Richard Wright Reader , edited by Ellen Wright and Michel Fabre , pp. 36–49. New York: Da Capo, 1997. Wright, Richard . The Color Curtain: A Report on the Bandung...

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard (1908–1960)   Reference library

Donald B. Gibson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., Richard ( 1908–1960 ), writer . Wright was born near Natchez, Mississippi, to Nathan and Ella Wright , he a sharecropper and she a deeply religious schoolteacher. Nathan deserted the family when Richard was five years old. The resulting hardship emerges in Wright's autobiography, Black Boy ( 1945 ), with its descriptions of childhood hunger and family disruption. In 1925 , Wright moved to Memphis, Tennessee, where he read widely among contemporary American writers. In 1927 he migrated to Chicago's South Side where, his reading told him, he...

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard   Reference library

Donald B. Gibson

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
504 words

...Wright, Richard ( 1908–1960 ), writer. Wright was born near Natchez, Mississippi, to Nathan and Ella Wright , he a sharecropper and she a deeply religious schoolteacher. Nathan deserted the family when Richard was five years old. The resulting hardship emerges in Wright's autobiography, Black Boy ( 1945 ), with its descriptions of childhood hunger and family disruption. In 1925 , Wright moved to Memphis, Tennessee, where he read widely among contemporary American writers. In 1927 he migrated to Chicago 's South Side where, his reading told him, he...

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,302 words

...libraries. Rowley, Hazel . Richard Wright: The Life and Times . New York: Henry Holt, 2001. A scholarly but accessible modern biography that provides a full listing of all Wright’s books, including the posthumous ones, with details of currently available editions. Smith, Virginia Whatley , ed. Richard Wright’s Travel Writings: New Reflections . Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2001. Webb, Constance . Richard Wright: A Biography . New York: Putnam, 1968. The first biography, written by a longstanding friend of the Wrights and drawing on extensive...

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard (1908–60)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
48 words

..., Richard ( 1908–60 ) US novelist . He is best known for the novel Native Son ( 1940 ), which describes the life of an African-American youth in white-dominated Chicago, and Black Boy ( 1945 ), an account of the author's boyhood in the South. He also wrote short stories and...

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard (1908–1960)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., Richard ( 1908–1960 ) African-American novelist and social critic Uncle Tom's Children ( 1938 ) Fiction Short Stories Native Son ( 1940 ) Fiction Black Boy ( 1945 ) Non-Fiction The Outsider ( 1953 ) Fiction Black Power ( 1954 ) Non-Fiction Pagan Spain ( 1957 ) Non-Fiction The Long Dream ( 1958 ) Fiction Eight Men ( 1961 ) Fiction Short Stories Lawd Today ( 1963 ) Fiction American Hunger ( 1977 ) Non-Fiction...

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard (1908–1960)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
2,431 words

...Richard Wright, 1974. Richard Macksey and Frank Moorer , eds., Richard Wright: A Collection of Critical Essays, 1984. Joyce Ann Joyce , Richard Wright's Art of Tragedy, 1986. James C. Trot-man, ed., Richard Wright: Myths and Realities, 1988. Margaret Walker , Richard Wright , Daemonic Genius: A Portrait of the Man, A Critical Look at His Work, 1988. Eugene Miller , Voice of a Native Son: The Poetics of Richard Wright, 1990. Robert J. Butler , Native Son: The Emergence of a New Black Hero, 1991. Henry Louis Gates, Jr. , and K. A. Appiah , eds., Richard...

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard (1908–60)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
138 words

..., Richard ( 1908–60 ) African American writer . He joined the Communist Party in the 1930s, but left in the 1940s, as he records in American Hunger ( 1977 ). Uncle Tom's Children ( 1938 ) brought him recognition with stories of Southern racism. His first novel Native Son ( 1940 ), based on an actual case, describes the killing of a white girl in Chicago by her African American driver and the subsequent trial. Estranged from American society by its racism and by being dogged by the FBI, Wright moved to Paris in 1947 , where he met James Baldwin ....

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard (26 June 1960)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
337 words

..., Richard ( b London , 26 June 1960 ), English painter and installation artist active in Glasgow and Los Angeles. Wright studied painting at Edinburgh College of Art between 1978 and 1982 , graduating with a BA. After distancing himself from art during the 1980s, Wright became more engaged with conceptual frameworks for making art after studying for an MFA at Glasgow School of Art between 1993 and 1995 . During this time he began to explore the relationship among architecture, art and design, painting directly onto walls to create ephemeral...

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard (b. 1937)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
923 words

..., Richard ( b. 1937 ). Born in Midland, Ontario, Richard Bruce Wright attended Ryerson Polytechnical Institute, Toronto, and then worked briefy in journalism before embarking on a decade of work for two Toronto publishers, Macmillan and Oxford University Press. He left publishing in 1970 and for many years has taught English at Ridley College. Wright's first work of fiction, Andrew Tolliver ( 1965 ), was a children's book. His first novel for adults, The weekend man ( 1970 ), was widely praised, and like his subsequent fiction was published in the...

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard (1908–60)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
159 words

..., Richard ( 1908–60 ) African American writer , born in Mississippi and brought up in Memphis, largely self-educated. He joined the Communist Party in the 1930s, but left in the 1940s, as he records in American Hunger ( 1977 ). Uncle Tom's Children ( 1938 ) brought him recognition with stories of Southern racism. His first novel Native Son ( 1940 ), based on an actual case, describes the killing of a white girl in Chicago by her African American driver and the subsequent trial. Estranged from American society by its racism and by being dogged by...

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
8,656 words

...Jr. , and K. A. Appiah , eds. Richard Wright: Critical Perspectives, Past and Present . New York, 1993. A useful anthology of reviews and essays; contains an extensive bibliography of secondary material. Kinnamon, Kenneth . The Emergence of Richard Wright: A Study in Literature and Society . Urbana, Ill., and Chicago, 1972. Rampersad, Arnold , ed. Richard Wright: A Collection of Critical Essays . Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1995. An important reassessment of Wright by a number of scholars. Rolwey, Hazel . Richard Wright: The Life and Times . New York,...

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard (1908–60)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
402 words

...Wright, Richard [ Nathaniel ] ( 1908–60 ) , self-educated black author, born near Natchez, Miss., and reared in Memphis. After many menial jobs there and in Chicago, to which he migrated at age 19, he had to go on relief during the Depression. During the 1930s he joined the Communist party but left it in the 1940s, as recorded in the anthology The God That Failed ( 1950 ). His Uncle Tom’s Children ( 1938 , enlarged 1940 ), a collection of four long stories, received the Story prize for the best book submitted by anyone associated with the Federal Writers’...

Wright, Richard

Wright, Richard   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Richard ( Richard Nathaniel Wright ) ( 1908–60 ), African-American short-story writer, novelist, poet , and essayist , born near Natchez, Missouri, and brought up in Memphis; he was self-educated and at the age of 19 went to Chicago, where he held a number of menial jobs. In the 1930s he joined the Communist Party, but left in the 1940s after disillusionment with its procedures, as recorded in the anthology The God that Failed ( 1950 ). He worked for the Federal Writers' Project between 1935 and 1937 and received the Story prize for Uncle...

Richard Wright

Richard Wright (1908–60)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of American Quotations (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
59 words

...Richard Wright 1908 – 60 We live here and they live here. We black and they white. They got things and we ain't. They do things and we can't. It's just like living in jail. Native Son , 1940 Men can starve from a lack of self-realization as much as they can from a lack of bread. Native Son ,...

Wright, Richard [Nathaniel]

Wright, Richard [Nathaniel] (1908–60)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
374 words

..., Richard [Nathaniel] ( 1908–60 ), self-educated black author, born near Natchez, Miss., and reared in Memphis. After many menial jobs there and in Chicago, to which he migrated at age 19, he had to go on relief during the Depression. During the 1930s he joined the Communist party but left it in the 1940s, as recorded in the anthology The God That Failed ( 1950 ). His Uncle Tom's Children ( 1938 , enlarged 1940 ), a collection of four long stories, received the Story prize for the best book submitted by anyone associated with the Federal Writers'...

Richard Wright's Native Son

Richard Wright's Native Son   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
3,108 words

...Wright makes a crucial contribution to our understanding of the struggle for racial justice in the United States. See also Naturalism and Realism . Further Reading Fabre, Michel . The Unfinished Quest of Richard Wright . 2d ed. Urbana, Ill., 1993. The authoritative biography. Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. , and K. A. Appiah , eds. Richard Wright: Critical Perspectives Past and Present . New York, 1993. A comprehensive collection of essays and reviews treating all of Wright's major publications. Kinnamon, Keneth , and Michel Fabre . Conversations with Richard...

Richard Wright

Richard Wright  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1937).Born in Midland, Ontario, Richard Bruce Wright attended Ryerson Polytechnical Institute, Toronto, and then worked briefy in journalism before embarking on a decade of work for two Toronto ...
Richard Wright

Richard Wright  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b London, 26 June 1960),English painter and installation artist active in Glasgow and Los Angeles. Wright studied painting at Edinburgh College of Art between 1978 and 1982, graduating with ...
Richard Wright

Richard Wright  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1908–60),black American writer; he joined the Communist Party in the 1930s, but left in the 1940s, as he records in The God that Failed (1950). His best‐known novels are the powerful and violent ...

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