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Riace warriors

Two masterpieces of Greek bronze‐casting, from (it seems) an ancient shipwreck; found off the toe of Italy in 1972. Standing nudes, 1.97–8 m. (6½‐26 ft.) high, they originally held ...

Riace Warriors

Riace Warriors   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
660 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in the wax working model resulted in Riace A's feet being slightly farther apart than Riace B's, and in Riace B's torso being leaner than Riace A's. Finishing touches that were made after the casting and assembling of the statues include inlaid bone and stone eyes; copper eyelashes, lips, and nipples; and silver-plated teeth. Riace Warrior. Bronze, fifth century bce . M useo N azionale , R eggio C alabria , I taly /T he B ridgeman A rt L ibrary [ See also Metalwork and Sculpture .] Bibliography Due bronzi da Riace: Rinvenimento, restauro, analisi, et...

‘Riace warriors’

‘Riace warriors’   Reference library

Antony J. S. Spawforth

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
146 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Riace warriors’ , two masterpieces of Greek bronze-casting, from (it seems) an ancient shipwreck; found off the toe of Italy in 1972 . Standing nudes, 1.97–8 m. high, they originally held weapons; on technical grounds they are thought to come from the same workshop. A dating round the mid-5th cent. bc is gaining ground; later dates have advocates. Attempts to see in them famous lost works are, by their nature, highly speculative. See sculpture, greek . Antony J. S. Spawforth ‘Riace warriorsWarriors ‘B’ (left, thought to represent a younger man) and...

‘Riace warriors’

‘Riace warriors’   Reference library

Antony J. S. Spawforth

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
92 words

...Riace warriors’ , two masterpieces of Greek bronze-casting, from (it seems) an ancient shipwreck ; found off the toe of Italy in 1972 . Standing nudes, 1.97–8 m. high, they originally held weapons; on technical grounds they are thought to come from the same workshop. A dating round the mid-5th cent. bc is gaining ground; later dates have advocates. Attempts to see in them famous lost works are, by their nature, highly speculative. See phidias ; sculpture, greek . A. Stewart , History of Greek Sculpture 1 (1990), 147–8 (bibliog. at 343). Antony J. S....

‘Riace warriors’

‘Riace warriors’   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
72 words

...Riace warriors’ , two masterpieces of Greek bronze‐casting, from (it seems) an ancient shipwreck ; found off the toe of Italy in 1972 . Standing nudes, 1.97–8 m. (6½‐26 ft.) high, they originally held weapons; on technical grounds they are thought to come from the same workshop. A dating round the mid‐5th cent. bc is gaining ground; later dates have advocates. Attempts to see in them famous lost works are speculative. See phidias ; sculpture, greek...

Riace warriors

Riace warriors  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Two masterpieces of Greek bronze‐casting, from (it seems) an ancient shipwreck; found off the toe of Italy in 1972. Standing nudes, 1.97–8 m. (6½‐26 ft.) high, they originally held weapons; on ...
archaeology, underwater

archaeology, underwater  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The potential richness of the sea for salvage or accidental finding of sunken valuables was recognized from earliest times, but the possibility of defining meaningful groups of wrecked material or ...
Nude

Nude  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Unlike classical authors the Byz. tried to avoid describing the naked body: a typical example of Byz. caution is Niketas Choniates' reference to the statue of Athena in Constantinople, which ...
Rhegium

Rhegium  

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Overview Page
A Chalcidian colony in S. Italy (see Chalcis; colonization, Greek), founded c.720 bc and reinforced by Messenians (see Messenia) c.600 bc; it dominated the Straits of Messina (see Messana). In ...
Art Market

Art Market  

Before offering an account of its historical development, it is first necessary to define what is meant by art market. An art market differs from the situation in which art ...
Phidias

Phidias  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(5th century bc), Athenian sculptor. He is noted for the Elgin marbles and his vast statue of Zeus at Olympia (c.430), which was one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
bronze

bronze  

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Overview Page
Alloy of copper and tin used for architectural ornament, doors and door-furniture, funerary monuments, grilles and railings, wall-plaques (commemorative or not), window-frames, etc. It is also used ...
sculpture

sculpture  

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Overview Page
A work of art carried out in three dimensions. There are four basic processes: carving (in stone, wood, etc); modelling in clay; modelling in clay or wax and then casting in bronze; constructing—a ...
Riace bronzes

Riace bronzes   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
1,317 words
Illustration(s):
2

...skullcap Statue B once had an Attic helmet, of which the plume mounting survives. The right arm, left forearm and left hand and the shield handle were restored in antiquity. Riace bronzes 1. Warrior (Statue A), bronze, h. 1.98 m, from Riace, c. 450 bc (Reggio Calabria, Museo Nazionale) Scala / Art Resource, NY Riace bronzes 2. Warrior (Statue B), bronze, h. 1.97 m, from Riace, c. 450 bc (Reggio Calabria, Museo Nazionale) Scala / Art Resource, NY The head of Statue A is turned quite sharply to the right, and since its mouth, with teeth inlaid in...

Phīdias

Phīdias   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
507 words

... Athena Promachos on the Acropolis; her spear‐point and helmet‐crest were supposedly visible from Sunium . His Athena Lemnia, perhaps preserved in Roman copy, and his Marathon group at Delphi ( see marathon, battle of ) may also be early; some believe that the Riace bronzes ( see ‘ riace warriors ’) belong to the latter. Phidias' reputation rested chiefly on his chryselephantine Athena (later called ‘Parthenos’) and his Zeus at Olympia . Both were of gold and ivory over a wooden core, with embellishments in jewels, silver, copper, enamel, glass, and...

Phidias

Phidias (d c.430 bc)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
584 words

...sensitive head in Bologna (Mus. Civico Archeologico) and a substantially complete figure in Dresden (Albertinum). Other copies have been credibly associated with works of Phidias mentioned in ancient sources, and recently the two bronze statues of warriors found in the sea near Riace in 1972 (‘The Riace Bronzes’) have been linked with his name because of their superlative quality; they are now in the archaeological museum at Reggio di Calabria. The greatest testimony to his genius, however, is the sculpture of the Parthenon ( 447–432 bc ), the most...

Phidias

Phidias   Reference library

Andrew F. Stewart

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
678 words

...on the Acropolis; her spear-point and helmet-crest were supposedly visible from Sunium (Paus. 1. 28. 2). His Athena Lemnia, perhaps preserved in Roman copy, and his Marathon group at Delphi ( see marathon, battle of ) may also be early; some attribute the Riace bronzes ( see ‘riace warriors’ ) to the latter. Phidias' reputation rested chiefly on his chryselephantine Athena Parthenos and his Zeus at Olympia (Quint. 12. 10. 9). Both were of gold and ivory over a wooden core, with embellishments in jewels, silver, copper, enamel, glass, and paint;...

Phidias

Phidias   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
595 words

...sensitive head in Bologna (Mus. Civico Archeologico) and a substantially complete figure in Dresden (Albertinum). Other copies have been credibly associated with works of Phidias mentioned in ancient sources, and recently the two bronze statues of warriors found in the sea near Riace in 1972 (‘The Riace Bronzes’) have been linked with his name because of their superlative quality; they are now in the archaeological museum at Reggio di Calabria. The greatest testimony to his genius, however, is the sculpture of the Parthenon ( 447–432 bc ), the most...

Bronze

Bronze   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
1,461 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of technical excellence that has rarely been matched since, the greater naturalism and detail of depiction calling for extreme skill in both casting and finishing. Detailed studies of such masterpieces as the two 5th-century bc life-size warriors ( Reggio Calabria , Mus. N.; See Riace bronzes ) found in the sea off Riace, Calabria , and the excavation of workshops with casting pits in the Athenian Agora and at Olympia have shown in considerable detail exactly how the Greeks set about the casting of a large statue. Bronze Hammered sheet-bronze suit of...

archaeology, underwater

archaeology, underwater   Reference library

A. J. Parker

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
565 words
Illustration(s):
1

...information which can be recovered from underwater sites (e.g. the plan of the bronze age settlement on the isle of Elaphonisos, off SE Peloponnese), and the importance of underwater investigation for understanding ancient harbours, not least Caesarea (by A. Raban). See ‘ riace warriors ’. A. J. Parker archaeology, underwater Excavation of a bronze-age merchantman wrecked off the S. coast of Turkey (Uluburun) c .1350 bc . A floating treasury of metals, minerals, and exotic products, it is one of over 1,000 shipwreck sites known from the Mediterranean, and...

archaeology, underwater

archaeology, underwater   Reference library

A. J. Parker

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
650 words

...which can be recovered from underwater sites (e.g. the plan of the bronze age settlement on the isle of Elaphonisos, off SE Peloponnese), and the importance of underwater investigation for understanding ancient harbours , not least Caesarea ( 2 ) (by A. Raban). See riace warriors ; shipwrecks, ancient . J. du P. Taylor (ed.), Marine Archaeology: Developments during Sixty Years in the Mediterranean (1965); K. Muckelroy (ed.), Archaeology under Water: An Atlas of the World's Submerged Sites (1980); P. A. Gianfrotta and P. Pomey , Archeologia...

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