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Rhodes

The largest of the Dodecanese Islands in the SE Aegean, which in the late Bronze Age became a significant trading nation and dominant power; its capital, Rhodes, a port on the northernmost ...

Translations

Translations   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,966 words

...Moses Arragel , and is remarkable for combining Jewish and Christian exegetical lore in its commentary. Scripture versions in Catalan are known from references in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, but the earliest surviving copies are from the fifteenth century. Erroll F. Rhodes English Language Beginnings. As was the case with other languages, the translation of the scriptures into English was at first an oral process. The Venerable Bede tells how Caedmon (seventh century CE ) retold Bible stories in alliterative verses in Anglo‐Saxon: “He sang...

Greek Art and Architecture, Classical

Greek Art and Architecture, Classical   Reference library

Neil Asher Silberman, John H. Oakley, Mark D. Stansbury-O’Donnell, and Robin Francis Rhodes

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
6,123 words

..., 3d ed., 1975. Gruben, Gottfried . Die Tempel der Griechen , 4th ed., 1989. Lawrence, A. W. Greek Architecture , 5th ed., 1996. Rhodes, Robin F. Architecture and Meaning on the Athenian Acropolis , 1995. Rhodes, Robin F. A Story of Monumental Architecture in Greece (forthcoming). Scully, Vincent . The Earth, the Temple and the Gods: Greek Sacred Architecture , 1962. Robin Francis ...

hippeis

hippeis   Reference library

John F. Lazenby, John F. Lazenby, John F. Lazenby, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
943 words

...(For the other classes see thētes ; zeugitai .) The archonship ( see archontes ) was open to members of this class by the beginning of the 5th cent. bc if not originally; in 457 / 6 eligibility was extended to the third class, the zeugitai (the class of hoplites ). P. J. ...

liturgy

liturgy   Reference library

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones, P. J. Rhodes, Arnold Hugh Martin Jones, and Antony J. S. Spawforth

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
849 words

...them to add from their own pockets to what the state provided. See euergetism . W. S. Ferguson , Hellenistic Athens (1911), 55–8, 99–101; J. K. Davies , JRS 1967, 33–40; DFA 3 ; V. Gabrielsen , Financing the Athenian Fleet (1994). Arnold Hugh Martin Jones / P. J. Rhodes Roman and Graeco-Roman Egyptian In Roman municipal law a sharp distinction was drawn between ‘honours’ ( honores ) and ‘public duties’ ( munera : See munus ), the former qualifying their holder for a seat on the council; personal exemption from munera was a benefaction...

Solon

Solon   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
786 words

...in the creation of a free peasantry, the weakening of the aristocracy and the strengthening of the assembly and the judicial system, Solon laid the foundations for the successful and stable society of Classical Athens. Arnold Wycombe Gomme ; Theodore John Cadoux ; P. J. ...

Cleon

Cleon   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
328 words

...aristocracy, and whose predominance depended on persuasive speeches in the assembly and law-courts rather than on regular office-holding; when he did serve as general, the undisputed facts include both successes and failures. Arnold Wycombe Gomme ; Theodore John Cadoux ; P. J. ...

Pisander

Pisander (2)   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Antony Andrewes, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
131 words

...being. On the fall of that régime he fled to the Spartans and was condemned in his absence for treason. PA 11170. A. G. Woodhead , AJPhil. 1954, 131–46; Andrewes , HCT 5 (1981), 116–17; LGPN 2 (1994), Peisandros no. 3. Arnold Wycombe Gomme ; Antony Andrewes ; P. J. ...

trittyes

trittyes (‘thirds’)   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
231 words

...of Attica, Hesp. Suppl. 14 (1975), Demos and Trittys (1986); P. Siewert , Die Trittyen Attikas und die Heeres-reform des Kleisthenes (1982), with D. M. Lewis , Gnomon 1983, 431–6; M. H. Hansen , CM 1990, 51–4. Arnold Wycombe Gomme / Theodore John Cadoux / P. J. ...

Thucydides

Thucydides (1)   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Tim J. Cornell, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
165 words

... the historian was probably a member of the same family: possibly his mother was a daughter of Thucydides son of Melesias. PA 7268; J. K. Davies , APF 230–7; A. Andrewes , JHS 1978, 1–8; LGPN 2 (1994), Thoukydides no. 7. Arnold Wycombe Gomme / Tim J. Cornell / P. J. ...

zeugitai

zeugitai (from zeugos, ‘yoke’)   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
179 words

...admitted to the highest magistracies ( see magistracy, greek ). The archon-ships ( see archontes ) were opened to them from 457/6. D. Whitehead , CQ 1981, 282–6; L. Foxhall in L. G. Mitchell and P. J. Rhodes (eds.), The Development of the Polis in Archaic Greece (1997), ch. 10. Arnold Wycombe Gomme / Theodore John Cadoux / P. J. ...

naukrariai

naukrariai   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
207 words

...important officials of Athens: this seems to be an attempt to divert the responsibility for killing Cylon's supporters from the archons, and particularly from Megacles the Alcmaeonid . V. Gabrielsen , C&M 1985, 21–51. Arnold Wycombe Gomme / Theodore John Cadoux / P. J. ...

Cleisthenes

Cleisthenes (1) (of *Sicyon)   Reference library

Percy Neville Ure, P. J. Rhodes, and Rosalind Thomas

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
199 words

...of Damascus , FGrH 90 F 61; A. Andrewes , The Greek Tyrants (1956); H. Berve , Die Tyrannis bei den Griechen (1967); C. Mossé , La Tyrannie dans la Grèce antique (1969); A. Griffin , Sikyon (1982); LGPN 3A (1997), Kleisthenes no. 9. Percy Neville Ure / P. J. Rhodes , Rosalind...

Cleophon

Cleophon (1)   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
180 words

...demagogy . PA 8638; E. Vanderpool , Hesp. 1952, 114–15; W. R. Connor , The New Politicians of Fifth-century Athens (1971), see index; A. Andrewes , CAH 5 2 (1992), ch. 11; LGPN 2 (1994), Kleophon no. 5. Arnold Wycombe Gomme / Theodore John Cadoux / P. J. ...

pentakosiomedimnoi

pentakosiomedimnoi (‘five-hundred-bushel men’)   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
115 words

...from this class, and for the treasurers the requirement survived to the 4th cent., though by then either it was not enforced or a poor man might technically be rated as a pentakosiomedimnos ( Ath. pol. 7. 3–8. 1). Arnold Wycombe Gomme / Theodore John Cadoux / P. J. ...

boulᄱ

boulᄱ   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,291 words

...(1969); J. A. O. Larsen , Representative Government in Greek and Roman History (1955), and Greek Federal States (1968). Athens Ath. pol. 43–9; P. J. Rhodes , The Athenian Boule (1972); R. K. Sinclair , Democracy and Participation in Athens (1988), chs. 3–5; M. H. Hansen , The Athenian Democracy in the Age of Demosthenes (1991), ch. 10. Arnold Wycombe Gomme / Theodore John Cadoux / P. J. ...

Cleon

Cleon   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
376 words

...and failures. See also demagogues, demagogy . PA 8674; APF 600–300 bc 318–20; W. R. Connor , The New Politicians of Fifth-century Athens (1971); B. Mitchell , Hist. 1991, 170–92; LGPN 2 (1994), Kleon no. 43. Arnold Wycombe Gomme / Theodore John Cadoux / P. J. ...

Solon

Solon   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Tim J. Cornell, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
964 words

...ch. 5. Measures and weights: M. H. Crawford , Eirene 1972, 5–8; P. J. Rhodes , Num. Chron. 7 1975, 1–11. Heliaia : M. H. Hansen, C&M 1982, 9–47 = The Athenian Ecclesia 2 (1989), 219–61; R. Thomas in R. Osborne and S. Hornblower (eds.), Ritual, Finance, Politics (1994), 119 ff; LGPN 2 (1994), Solon no. 1; J. H. Blok and A. P. M. H. Lardinois (eds.), Solon of Athens: New Historical and Philological Approaches (2006). Arnold Wycombe Gomme ; Tim J. Cornell ; P. J. ...

thētes

thētes   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
197 words

...naval power they acquired an important role as oarsmen in the fleet; they may also have served in such bodies as the archers. Whether they were included among the ephēboi (‘cadets’) as reorganized in the 330s is disputed. Arnold Wycombe Gomme / Theodore John Cadoux / P. J. ...

ekklēsia

ekklēsia   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,059 words

...Demosthenes (1987); R. K. Sinclair , Democracy and Participation in Athens (1988), chs. 3–5. Larger units: J. A. O. Larsen, Representative Government in Greek and Roman History (1955), and Greek Federal States (1968). Arnold Wycombe Gomme / Theodore John Cadoux / P. J. ...

Solon

Solon   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
822 words

...the weakening of the aristocracy and the strengthening of the assembly and the judicial system, Solon laid the foundations for the successful and stable society of Classical Athens. See also democracy, athenian . Arnold Wycombe Gomme / Theodore John Cadoux / P. J. ...

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