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Renaissance

Subject: Literature

(Fr., ‘rebirth’).

In mus. parlance, the Renaissance period is that between ‘medieval’ and ‘baroque’, i.e. from early 15th to early 17th cents.

Renaissance

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
355 words

...the period from Cimabue and Giotto to his own time. The broadening of the term ‘renaissance’ to encompass a period and a cultural model is a product of the nineteenth century. In 1855 Jules Michelet used the term Renaissance as the title of a volume on sixteenth-century France. Five years later Jakob Burckhardt published Die Cultur der Renaissance in Italien (‘The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy’), in which he identified the idea of a Renaissance with a set of cultural concepts, such as individualism and the idea of the universal man....

Renaissance

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,167 words

...1972) F. Seibt , ed.: Renaissance in Böhmen (Munich, 1985) J. Snyder : Northern Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture, the Graphic Arts from 1350 to 1575 (New York, 1985/R 2005) G. T. Clark , ed.: Studies in the Northern Renaissance: Tribute to Robert A. Koch (Princeton, 1995) C. Harbison : The Art of the Northern Renaissance (London, 1995) L. S. Dixon , ed.: In Detail: New Studies of Northern Renaissance Art in Honor of Walter S. Gibson (Turnhout, 1998) K. R. Bartlett and M. McGlynn : Humanism and the Northern Renaissance (Toronto, 2000) A....

Weser Renaissance

Weser Renaissance   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
810 words

...in Stadthagen) and Jan Robijn II (sculptural work at Stadthagen Town Hall) were active in that part of Germany. During the Weser Renaissance, castles were typically constructed on a regular plan with several wings. Existing buildings were often united in one scheme, as, for example, at Schloss Neuhaus (from 1524 ) near Paderborn, on which Unkair collaborated and where the following characteristics of the Weser Renaissance are visible: Zwerchhäuser —dormer-type structures, often several storeys high, placed at right angles to saddle roofs that are...

Dürer Renaissance

Dürer Renaissance   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,233 words

... (Wiesbaden, 1971), pp. 544–7 G. Goldberg : ‘ Zur Ausprägung der Dürer-Renaissance in München ’, Münchn. Jb. Bild. Kst , xxxi (1980), pp. 129–75 Dürers Verwandlung in der Skulptur zwischen Renaissance und Barock (exh. cat., ed. H. Beck and B. Decker ; Frankfurt am Main, Liebieghaus, 1981) H. G. Gmelin : ‘Illuminierte Druckgraphik um 1600: Ein Phänomen der Dürerrenaissance?’, Städel-Jb. , ix (1983), pp. 183–204 Albrecht Dürer und die Tier- und Pflanzenstudien der Renaissance (exh. cat. by F. Koreny; Vienna, Albertina, 1985; Eng. trans., Boston, MA,...

Renaissance

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The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
23 words

... [Fr.] Rebirth. In musical parlance, the Renaissance period is that between ‘medieval’ and ‘baroque’, i.e. from early 15th to early 17th...

Renaissance

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The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...in favour of the more neutral term ‘ early modern ’. The term ‘Renaissance’ has also been extended to various periods at which literature has flourished remarkably in specific places, without any suggestion of rebirth: for examples, see american renaissance , harlem renaissance , irish literary renaissance , scottish renaissance . Further reading: Jerry Brotton , The Renaissance (2006). https://www.bl.uk/shakespeare/articles/key-features-of-renaissance-culture Key Features of Renaissance Culture. Article by Andrew Dickson for the British...

Renaissance

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Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
502 words

...civile nel Rinascimento , Berne, 1947. P. O. Kristeller , Studies in Renaissance Thought and Letters , Rome, 1956. E. Panofski , Renaissance and Renascences in Western Art , Stockholm, 1960. A. Molho and J. Tedeschi , Renaissance Essays in honor of Hans Baron , Dekalb-Florence, 1971. Il Rinascimento. Interpretazioni e problemi , Rome-Bari, 1979. W. Kerrigan , The Idea of the Renaissance , Baltimore (MD), 1991. Renaissance Culture in Context , J. R. Brink (ed.), W. F. Gentrup (ed.), Aldershot, 1993. Pierre...

Renaissance

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The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
263 words

... The great flowering of art, architecture, politics, and the study of literature, usually seen as the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the modern world, which came about under the influence of Greek and Roman models. The Renaissance (some scholars prefer to use the term ‘early modern period’) is generally said to have begun in Italy in the late 14th century and to have culminated in the High Renaissance in the early 16th century (the period of Michelangelo and Machiavelli ), and spread to the rest of Europe in the 15th century and...

Renaissance

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The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
222 words

...Mirandola . The Italian Renaissance is seen as a watershed in the development of civilization, both because of its extent and because of its emphasis on the human, whether independent of or in association with the divine. There are accounts by Jacob Burckhardt , The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy ( 1860 ); Walter Pater , Studies in the History of the Renaissance ( 1873 ) and John Addington Symonds , History of the Renaissance in Italy ( 1875–86 ). http://www.english.cam.ac.uk/ceres Cambridge English Renaissance Electronic...

Renaissance

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A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
347 words

...Flemish, German, Polish, and Scandinavian Renaissance buildings of C16 and early C17 fall into the Northern Renaissance category, but the infusion of Mannerism gave French-Renaissance architecture a different flavour. Only in the early C17 was uncorrupted Renaissance architecture, firmly based on Italian prototypes, introduced in England ( see paesschen ) by Inigo Jones , an event that was enormously influential in C18, first in England, and then elsewhere. There were various national Renaissance Revivals in C19 once Neo-Classicism had become...

Renaissance

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
2,558 words

...Renaissance, even at one point tracing Renaissance origins to figures like Francis of Assisi ( 1181–1226 ). More recently, as scholars appreciated the religious energies and the reforming tendencies of many Renaissance figures, they have argued for greater continuity between the Renaissance and the Catholic reforms. As the twentieth century draws to its close, relationships between the Renaissance and the Reformation, like the meaning of the Renaissance itself, are open to continuing revision. Yet the perennial fascination with the idea of the Renaissance...

Renaissance

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
148 words

...- Spain, Portugal, France and England - and the expansion of Europe beyond its own shores, with the building of trading empires in Africa, the East Indies and America. The growth of a wealthy urban merchant class led to a flowering of the arts. See also Renaissance architecture ; Renaissance art ; Renaissance...

Renaissance

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
326 words

...of the Renaissance in Italy ( 1864 ), in which he stressed, albeit in a somewhat discursive manner, the difference of the ‘Renaissance’ from what went before (the so-called ‘Dark Ages’) and after. For cultural historians such as Burckhardt the term is all-embracing and covers the arts and sciences and politics. Art historians have based their perception of the Renaissance on the rinascita in the arts proposed by the artist and writer Giorgio Vasari in his Lives of the Artists ( 1550 ). According to this tradition, Renaissance art was based on...

Renaissance

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J. B. Trapp

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
943 words

...proto-, early, high, and late), as well as earlier revivals of classical studies (Carolingian, Byzantine, 12th-cent.), and unrelated other ‘renaissances’ (American, Bengal, black). ‘Renaissance’ was first used alone in the 19th cent., though Giorgio Vasari ( 1550 ) saw a ‘rinascità delle arti’ in his own time, and Voltaire two centuries later a ‘renaissance des lettres et des beaux-arts’ in Medicean Florence. ‘Renaissance’ tout court , current French in the 1830s and employed in 1842 by Queen Victoria to define a style, was influentially used by Jules...

Renaissance

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
521 words

...of the Renaissance, but by the early 16th century—the ‘High Renaissance’—Venice and Rome were equally important. The ideals and imagery of the Italian Renaissance did not generally begin to spread to the rest of Europe until about 1500 . Dürer was the outstanding artist of the ‘Northern Renaissance’, making it his mission to transplant the new Italian ideas on to German soil. Out of the art of the High Renaissance there developed a style characterized by a sense of extreme elegance and grace, which became known as Mannerism. In literature the Renaissance was...

Renaissance

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A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
462 words

...and Voltaire two centuries later a ‘renaissance des lettres et des beaux‐arts’ in Medicean Florence. The concept of an epoch marked by ‘the discovery of the world and of man’ was taken up in Jakob Burckhardt 's Kultur der Renaissance in Italien ( 1860 ). For Burckhardt the defining emphasis of the Renaissance was secular and individual; the new attitudes he detected in the Italy of that epoch to nature, morality, religion, affairs, art, and literature made him see it as inaugurating the modern era. The English Renaissance was influenced by the Italian...

Renaissance

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A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
133 words

...of measuring and representing the world was produced. The Renaissance is thus often understood as a bridge between the medieval period and the Enlightenment and modernity . Further reading Mayhew, R. (2002), ‘Geography, print culture and the Renaissance’, History of European Ideas 27(4):...

renaissance

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Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... (= [1] a rebirth, or [2] [capitalized] the European period from the 15th to the 17th centuries, when art, literature, and scientific ideas blossomed) is pronounced / ren -i-sahns/ in AmE and /ri- nay -sәns/ in BrE. The pronunciation /ren-ә- sahns / is a pedantic...

Renaissance

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,101 words

...century and this usage became firmly established in the mid-19th century. John Ruskin used the expression ‘The Renaissance period’ in The Stones of Venice in 1851 , for example, Jules Michelet called a volume of his history of France La Renaissance ( 1855 ), and in 1860 Jacob Burckhardt published his highly influential book Die Kultur der Renaissance in Italien ( The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy ). Michelet saw the Renaissance as the antithesis of the Middle Ages, and although Burckhardt did not share this view, he too had a rather...

Renaissance

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A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... A period of rebirth or re-emergence of a culture or learned style which unfolded from the 14th century to the 17th century. In architecture it can be seen in the re-emergence of the Classical style, featuring symmetry, order, proportion, and relationships. Some of the most important work and thought of the Renaissance was created by Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. While da Vinci was an architect, he was also a painter, sculptor, musician, scientist, engineer, mathematician, inventor, geologist, botanist, and writer; much of his work was typified...

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