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Italy, Poetry of

Italy, Poetry of   Reference library

T. Wlassics, C. Kleinhenz, and E. Livorni

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
12,262 words

...yearned for by the Ren. The age frittered away its heritage in an obsessive search for originality and “marvels.” Foreign (Sp.) and papal domination in the peninsula, the newborn religious dogmatism imposed by the Counter-Reformation, the general lowering of ethical standards owing perhaps to the riches from the New World, and the universal instability of ideas in this age of scientific revolution have all been indicated as causes for the alleged poetic aridity of the age. The baroque age in Italy adopted the ars poetica of the late Ren., developing Tasso’s...

WELT

WELT (SPANISH)   Reference library

Pascal David

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
8,027 words

...of the world,” draws out the existential meaning of Welt from German phraseology, which, unlike Latin, was his mother tongue. (We might also note the old French toz li mon in Commynes, in modern French tout le monde , “everyone,” or the Creole timoun [“little world,” “child(ren)”]; beginning in the sixteenth century du monde signifies “people” [Fr. des gens ], and kosmos has the same meaning in modern Greek.) Noch sind die Ausdrücke: die Welt kennen und Welt haben in ihrer Bedeutung ziemlich weit auseinander: indem der Eine nur das Spiel ...

Classical Compound

Classical Compound   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Language reference, History of English, Linguistics
Length:
4,958 words

... gutsy; gutted; disembowel L viscera eviscerate; visceral G enter gastro-enteritis; enteric 4.13 V liver liverish; lily-livered (cowardly) L — G hepat hepatitis; hepatectomy 4.14 V kidney kidney bean; kidney-shaped L ren renal; adrenalin(e) G nephr nephritis; nephrectomy 5. Life and Health 5.1 V life, live lifetime; lifelong; lively; living L vit, viv vitality; vitamin; vivid; vivacious G bi(o) biology; antibiotic; symbiosis 5.2 V birth, born rebirth; birthday;...

Dispositif

Dispositif   Reference library

Ricky Crano

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Literary Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
12,959 words

...as Dispositif: Michel Foucault in the Field of Security,” Foucault Studies 15 (2013): 164–171; Benjamin J. Muller, “Securing the Political Imagination: Popular Culture, the Security Dispositif, and the Biometric State,” Security Dialogue 39 (2008): 199–220; Claudia Aradau and Rens Van Munster, “Governing Terrorism Through Risk: Taking Precautions, (Un)-knowing the Future,” European Journal of International Relations 13 (2007): 89–115; Claudia Aradau, Jef Huysmans, Andrew Neal, and Nadine Voelkner (eds.), Critical Security Methods: New Frameworks for...

Semantics

Semantics   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
18,984 words
Illustration(s):
6

...definite NPs—those with a demarcated referent in the discourse—precede the verb, while indefinite ones follow it, even though there is no morphological marking on the NPs to differentiate these meanings (Foley and van Valin 1985 :284): (1a) Sī   rén   le . die man Perfective ‘A man died.’ (1b) Rén   sī   le . man die Perfective ‘The man has died.’ The interaction of discourse meaning and syntax in Chinese indicates that any account of syntax-semantics relationships must appreciate the wide range of information that languages count as interpretive...

History of Linguistics

History of Linguistics   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
44,721 words
Illustration(s):
1

...also made great advances in practical grammar of modern and classical Chinese in the 1940s, promoting the “sentence pattern” rather than the particle as the basic grammatical unit. The German Walter Simon ( 1893–1981 ) did comparable work on a smaller scale in Europe, and Yuen Ren Chao ( 1892–1982 ) of Harvard and Berkeley produced two major descriptive studies of spoken grammar. Beginning in the 1950s, Angus Graham and later John Cikoski deepened our understanding of aspect in classical Chinese. This Western tradition remains poorly known in China....

Querelle Des Anciens Et Des Modernes

Querelle Des Anciens Et Des Modernes   Reference library

D. L. Rubin

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
1,170 words

...Des Anciens Et Des Modernes ( Battle of the Ancients and the Moderns ) . The most serious challenge to the Ren. doctrines of poetic imitation and regularity, the Querelle , a dispute over the relative superiority of cl. or mod. lit., reflected an antiauthoritarian, rationalistic, progressivist trend that dated from René Descartes’s Discours de la méthode ( 1637 ) and Blaise Pascal ’s Traité du vide ( 1647 ) and that reached its height from 1687 to ca. 1719 . In 1687 , Charles Perrault asserted in Le Siècle de Louis le Grand that...

Baroque

Baroque   Reference library

C. Johnson

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
4,989 words

...typically make more subjective claims than their Ren. predecessors, partly because they are less tied to strictures, respectively, of cl. decorum and linear perspective but also, arguably, because the individual is perceived as increasingly autonomous or monadic, as G. W. Leibniz would have it. Thus, besides their ornamental and ideological functions, the resources of baroque style may serve as the heuristic means for representing a world or self that no longer can be credibly represented based on the Ren. system of microcosmic-macrocosmic analogies or...

Emotion

Emotion   Reference library

L. D. Lerner and J. Robinson

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
5,546 words

...may be aroused for purely aesthetic purposes—for “delight”—or else as an indirect means of inciting to virtue ( see didactic poetry ). This latter is the Horatian view that poetry is both dulce et utile —that it “teaches delightfully”—and it is by far the more common in the Ren.: it can be illustrated from almost any early mod. poet who discusses his or her craft: O what an honor is it, to restraine The lust of lawlesse youth with good advice … Soone as thou gynst to sette thy notes in frame, O, how the rurall routes to thee doe cleave: Seemeth...

Romantic and Postromantic Poetry and Poetics

Romantic and Postromantic Poetry and Poetics   Reference library

C. Brodsky

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
10,082 words

...dehumanización del arte , 1925 ). Finally, Spain’s greatest 20th-c. poet, Federico García Lorca ( 1898–1936 ), is also its greatest romantic. His Romancero Gitano ( 1928 ), a collection of poems modeled on Andalusian ballads, elevated native poetic forms to the level of the Ren. and baroque masters. In the dramatic trilogy of Bodas de Sangre ( 1933 ), Yerma ( 1934 ), and La Casa de Bernarda Alba ( 1936 ); in elegies such as Llanto por Ignacio Sanchez Mejías ( 1935 ); and in his short lyrics, García Lorca’s impassioned imagery, rhythmic sonority,...

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