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Religious Agrarianism

Religious Agrarianism   Reference library

Todd LeVasseur

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...yet they are conversant and knowledgeable about many of the same issues of concern that motivate ecological agrarians. Therefore, religious agrarianism is a mix of religious communities locating within their beliefs, practices, and identities evidence that they should be engaged in sustainable agriculture, and the development of religious concern about agrarianism. To put religious agrarian food values into practice, religious agrarians engage in farming and consumer practices that support local farmlands and farmers. These farmers and their products are...

Local and Regional History: Modern Approaches

Local and Regional History: Modern Approaches   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,365 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Yorkshire Wolds . Moreover, the approach was not confined to studies of farming practices: each pays was thought of as having its distinctive characteristics in terms of manorial structure, settlement patterns, crafts, forms of religious observance, numbers of poor people, and so on. It had become clear that each type of agrarian economy had its rationale and that pastoral communities were as worthy of study as were arable open‐field villages. Local historians were thus provided with a way of linking their communities and regions to the wider social history...

Utopianism

Utopianism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,929 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...from Ruin ( 1793 ) imagined a day when the greater public virtue, resulting from *republicanism , would end the need for any system of punishment. As early as the 1780s a more collectivist strand in republicanism was being developed in the writings of Thomas *Spence , whose *agrarian utopia was founded on the nationalization of land and its management at the parish level. Spence himself participated in the revival of utopia as a literary genre that went along with this kind of political speculation. In A Supplement to the History of Robinson Crusoe (...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...oriented accents intersect in every ideological sign. Sign becomes an arena of the class struggle.’ A substantial proportion of the British population struggled to form new, or re-form old, collective identities at a time when the country was experiencing large changes in agrarian, industrial, and commercial structures and processes. This essay will spotlight such contests, especially between contestants from above and below at significant moments in the development of social relations, by focusing on a series of major languages, particularly those of...

Democracy

Democracy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,165 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...There were a number of occasions when economic distress, industrial disorder, and popular radicalism might have led to armed *insurrection or even revolution. The Luddite industrial disorder of 1811–13 , the widespread distress and radical protests of 1816–20 , and the agrarian revolt, industrial protests, and political riots of 1830–1 might all have sparked off an insurrection if the ruling authorities had lost their nerve or had reacted in a different way. Revolutionary conspirators did exist and did plan violent action in 1796–8 and in 1816–17...

Poverty

Poverty   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,179 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...were distinctly old-fashioned (rules typically forbade ploughing in favour of ‘spade husbandry’), and were criticized on the very modern grounds that they encouraged population. Cottages represented a society of sturdy yeomen existing in some recent but ill-defined era before *agrarian change. The theory of pauperism, for all its scientific status, tended to presuppose a past age in which the poor were less dependent and corrupt. Many who borrowed Malthus's concept of population surplus wavered between his analysis of the vigorous, reproductive body and an...

Welsh Local and Family History

Welsh Local and Family History   Quick reference

D. Huw Owen

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,425 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...publications of other religious historical societies include those of the Presbyterian Church of Wales ( 1916 ), the Welsh Independents ( 1923 ), and the Methodist Church in Wales ( 1946 ). More recent developments in this field have been the publication of the Welsh Journal of Religious History , whose first volume, published in 2006 , has superseded the Journal of the Historical Society of the Church in Wales ( 1949–90 ), the Journal of Welsh Ecclesiastical History ( 1984–92 ), and the Journal of Welsh Religious History ( 1993–2005 ); also,...

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...entered a phase in which the issues of *class [15] hostility and intellectual property rights became for the first time fully explicit. Ritson's emergence in Newcastle in the later 1770s coincided with the *American Revolution , the first speeches and pamphlets of the *agrarian communist Thomas *Spence , and Brand 's Popular Antiquities . The provocation that brought Ritson onto the national stage was probably the contribution to the Gentleman's Magazine of a young scholar from Ireland, Edmund Malone, gifted enough to have won instant acceptance...

Revolution

Revolution   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,734 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and a progressive property tax. His proposals were sufficiently radical (although in line with most modern welfare states) to convey to his opponents a more general sense that the right of property would not be sanctified in the event of a major political change. Moreover, his Agrarian Justice ( 1796 ), written after having escaped execution under Maximilien Robespierre and in the wake of the proto-socialist ‘Conspiracy of Equals’ led by François Babeuf in March 1796 , provided a still more radical and principled case for redistribution to meet the...

Domesticity

Domesticity   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,930 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...things about the period is the way in which the middle classes authorize and legitimate capitalism and the mobility of cash and property. If the aristocratic ethos of land sees money as unstable and corrupting (despite the fact that in practice the aristocracy deployed *agrarian forms of capitalism from the seventeenth century), then part of the ideological work of the middle classes involved making money clean, virtuous, and only relatively—and not excessively—mobile. And it was partially to this end that the ideology of domesticity was promulgated....

Riots, Religious

Riots, Religious  

Urban and agrarian riots were a familiar pattern of European social behavior long before the Reformation. Many of these violent outbursts involved religion in one way or another, for socioeconomic ...
pays

pays  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Joan Thirsk's work on fenland farming, rural industries, and the farming regions that she described in The Agrarian History of England and Wales, iv: 1500–1640 (1957), offered a framework of ...
sodales

sodales  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Are either ‘companions, mates’, or else ‘members of a single college or fraternity’. Examples of the latter sense are the secondary religious groups of Rome: these include the fētiālēs, who made ...
wood-pasture

wood-pasture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The term used to describe those agricultural districts where the farming economy was significantly different from champion land which was farmed on the open‐field system. Such districts often had ...
Thomas Spence

Thomas Spence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
 (1750–1814) English radical political activist, religious agitator, and bookseller.Jobless in Newcastle, he moved to London, where his bookshop and rationalist writings found a market. Supporting ...
Dorothea Lange

Dorothea Lange  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1895–1965).Photographer. Her simply composed but affecting Depression-era documentary photographs reveal human despair and suffering, but also dignity and strength. Facial expressions, gestures, and ...
Levellers

Levellers  

An extreme radical dissenter in the English Civil War (1642–9), wishing to level all differences of rank, and calling for the abolition of the monarchy, social and agrarian reforms, and religious ...
Diggers

Diggers (1649–50)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
53 words

... ( 1649–50 ) English millenarian social and religious sect in England, an extreme group of the Levellers . They formed an egalitarian agrarian community at St George's Hill, Surrey. It was destroyed by local farmers. The main Digger theorist, Gerrard Winstanley , proposed communalization of property to establish social equality in Law of Freedom ( 1652...

Agrarianism

Agrarianism   Reference library

Nicholas Everett

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Davidson was committed to the South above all else. For the others, as Louis D. Rubin shows in The Wary Fugitives: Four Poets and the South (Louisiana State University Press, 1978), Agrarianism had actually been an expression of other—religious, social, and aesthetic—imperatives. See also, for a mixture of group biography and intellectual history, The Southern Agrarians , by Paul K. Conkin (University of Tennessee Press, 1988). Nicholas Everett...

sodālēs

sodālēs   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
84 words

...mates’, or else ‘members of a single college or fraternity’. Examples of the latter sense are the secondary religious groups of Rome: these include the fētiālēs , who made treaties and declared war; and three sodalities that were concerned with performing specific annual rites—the Salii ; the Luperci, whose festival was the Lupercalia ; and best recorded of them all, the fratrēs arvālēs , whose cult of Dea Dia was originally agrarian and concerned with boundaries, later with the celebration of the imperial...

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