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Rashid Rida

Subject: Philosophy

(1865–1935) Muhammad Rashid Rida (Ridha) was born in Tripoli, Lebanon and attended a school based on the views of a local shaykh, Husayn al-Jisr, who based the curriculum on the ...

Rida, Rashid

Rida, Rashid (1865–1935)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics in the Middle East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
101 words

...Rida, Rashid ( 1865–1935 ) Scholar whose political philosophy had a profound impact on Islamist thought. Born in Lebanon, Rashid Rida spent most of his working life in Cairo, where he founded an influential magazine, Al-Manar , in 1898 . Al-Manar applied Quranic teachings to develop a modernist interpretation of Islamic reform. Rida was a student of Mohammad Abdu and set out to reform the practice of religion to make it accessible to mass participation. Rida called for Muslim unity in the face of European encroachment as well as the establishment...

Rashīd Riḍā

Rashīd Riḍā (1933)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
100 words

... Riḍā (d. 1933 ). A Syrian Muslim, supporter of reform and an influential Muslim scholar. He championed al-Afghānī and ʿAbduh 's vision of a dynamic Islam. He saw the important need for modification of the existing sharīʿa : Islamic law had to face the realities of the modern world. In this matter Riḍā adopted a very controversial position. He refused to admit that the four recognized law schools, Mālikite , Hanafite , Shāfiʿite , and Hanbalite , were binding upon the modern ʾumma . Instead, Riḍā advocated that Islamic law be redrafted, based...

Rida, Rashid

Rida, Rashid (1865–1935)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
398 words

..., Rashid ( 1865–1935 ) Muhammad Rashid Rida (Ridha) was born in Tripoli, Lebanon and attended a school based on the views of a local shaykh , Husayn al-Jisr , who based the curriculum on the idea that there was no incompatibility between Islam and modernity. While in Lebanon he digested the views of al-Afghani and Muhammad ‘Abdu and in 1897 he moved to Cairo to be with the latter and support his project of reviving the Islamic world within a modern context. He established a highly influential journal al-Manar (The Lighthouse or Beacon) which he...

Rashīd Riḍā, Muḥammad

Rashīd Riḍā, Muḥammad   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,363 words

...Excellent biographical source on Rashīd Riḍā by one of his close friends. Enayat, Hamid . Modern Islamic Political Thought . Austin, Tex., 1982. Excellent analysis of Rashīd Riḍā's perceptions of the Islamic state and the caliphate. Hourani, Albert . Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798–1939 . London, 1970. Provides indispensable background to Rashīd Riḍā and his thought. Kerr, Malcolm H. Islamic Reform: The Political and Legal Theories of Muḥammad ʿAbduh and Rashīd Riḍā . Berkeley, 1966. Thorough analysis of Rashīd Riḍā's interpretations of legal...

Riḍā, Muḥammad Rashīd

Riḍā, Muḥammad Rashīd (1865–1935)   Reference library

Scott Morrison

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,165 words

...Rashīd Riḍā’s Ideas on the Caliphate.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 117, no. 2 (April-June 1997): 253–277. A historical contextualization and periodization of Riḍā’s thoughts on Islamic caliphate and its variants. Kerr, Malcolm H. Islamic Reform: The Political and Legal Theories of Muhammad ʿAbduh and Rashīd Riḍā . Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966. A text-bound examination of Riḍā’s theory of Islamic jurisprudence and rule. Ryad, Umar . Islamic Reformism and Christianity: A Critical Reading of the Works of Muḥammad Rashīd...

Rashīd Riḍā, Muḥammad

Rashīd Riḍā, Muḥammad   Reference library

Emad El-Din Shahin and Nael Shama

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,095 words

...Oxford University Press, 1933. Arslān, Shakīb . Al-Sayyid Rashīd Riḍā wa-ikhāʾ arbaʿīn sanah [Rashīd Riḍā and Forty Years of Brotherhood]. Damascus: Maṭbaʿat Ibn Zaydūn, 1937. Enayat, Hamid . Modern Islamic Political Thought . Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982. Hourani, Albert . Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798–1939 . London and New York: Oxford University Press, 1970. Kerr, Malcolm H. Islamic Reform: The Political and Legal Theories of Muḥammad ʿAbduh and Rashīd Riḍā . Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966. Al-Manār magazine...

Rashid, Rida, Muhammad

Rashid, Rida, Muhammad (1865)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
819 words

...from the 1920 s onward, with the older Arabian puritanical tradition of Wahhabism, promoted by the emerging Saudi state. Rashid Rida, like most Egyptians, had been opposed to this, but he later changed his position to one of support for it. He published a series of pro-Wahhabi articles in both al-Mannr and the mainstream Egyptian newspaper al-Ahram ; they later appeared in book form. One of the causes espoused by Rashid Rida, as part of his Salafi ideals, was Pan-Islamism, which in his view involved the restoration of a universal Islamic state under...

Rashid Rida, Muhammad

Rashid Rida, Muhammad (1935)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
238 words

...Rashid Rida, Muhammad (d. 1935 ) Syrian Islamic revivalist, reformer, and writer. Lived in Egypt from 1897 until his death. Close associate and disciple of Muhammad Abduh . Published the journal Al-manar to articulate and disseminate reformist ideas and preserve the unity of the Muslim nation. Concerned with the preservation of Muslim identity and culture. Viewed original Islamic sources—the Quran , Sunnah, and ijma (consensus) of Muhammad 's companions—as the basis for reform. Believed that matters of worship (ibadat), intended to organize human...

Rashid Rida

Rashid Rida  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1865–1935)Muhammad Rashid Rida (Ridha) was born in Tripoli, Lebanon and attended a school based on the views of a local shaykh, Husayn al-Jisr, who based the curriculum on the ...
Muhammad Rashid Rida

Muhammad Rashid Rida  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1935)Syrian Islamic revivalist, reformer, and writer. Lived in Egypt from 1897 until his death. Close associate and disciple of Muhammad Abduh. Published the journal Al-manar to articulate and ...
Ḥukūmah

Ḥukūmah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Government, commonly distinguished from dawlah (state). Understood as the group of individuals who exercise the authority of the state; the term was adopted as Muslims became increasingly interested ...
Authority and Legitimation

Authority and Legitimation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Most Muslim rulers try to legitimize their authority through Islam, but there are today only two Sunnī countries, Morocco and Saudi Arabia, in which the king claims a religious title ...
Talfiq

Talfiq  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Piecing together. Legal term describing the derivation of rules from material of various schools of Islamic law. In modern times talfiq was advocated by Muhammad Abduh (d. 1905) and his student ...
al- Urwat al-Wuthqa

al- Urwat al-Wuthqa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The strongest bond; from the Quran 2:256. Name of a journal jointly published by Muhammad Abduh and Jamal al-Din al-Afghani in Paris in 1884. Was used to disseminate Afghani's reformist ...
Jamiat al-Dawah wa'l-Irshad

Jamiat al-Dawah wa'l-Irshad  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Society of Call and Guidance. Society founded by Muhammad Rashid Rida in 1911 in Egypt to serve as the cornerstone of Ottoman pan-Islamic activities. Revived in 1931 at the General Islamic Congress ...
al- Manar

al- Manar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Influential Egyptian journal (the name means “the lighthouse”) founded and published by Muhammad Abduh and Muhammad Rashid Rida in the early twentieth century. Hasan al-Banna took over the journal ...
Abu Ishaq Ibrahim al- Shatibi

Abu Ishaq Ibrahim al- Shatibi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 790)Andalusian Maliki scholar and reformer. Wrote on a variety of subjects including usul al-fiqh, grammar, and poetry. Was critical of fiqh of his age and disagreed with Maliki contemporaries on ...
Tablīgh

Tablīgh  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Communication of a message or revelation; fulfillment of a mission. Interchangeable with dawah (propagation of faith) in modern usage. The Quranic use of related words signifies that proclamation of ...
Hasan al- Banna

Hasan al- Banna  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1949)Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (Jamiat al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun) in 1928. Held absolute personal authority over the movement and required personal loyalty and obedience from all ...
Tafsīr

Tafsīr  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Quranic exegesis. Elucidation, explanation, interpretation, and commentary carried out in order to understand the Quran and its commandments. Muhammad is considered the most authoritative interpreter ...

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