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Ralph Ellison

Subject: Literature

(1914–1994), Oklahoma-born author, a student at Tuskegee Institute (1933–36), has been a visiting professor of creative writing, black culture, and humanities at various major ...

Ellison, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph   Reference library

John F. Callahan

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
376 words

...for democracy” that he found in “our classic 19th-century novels.” He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969 . Kimberly W. Benston , ed., Speaking for You: The Vision of Ralph Ellison , 1987. Mark Busby , Ralph Ellison , 1992. Ralph Ellison , The Collected Essays of Ralph Ellison , ed. John F. Callahan , 1995. Ralph Ellison , Conversations with Ralph Ellison , eds. Maryemma Graham and Amritjit Singh , 1995. John F....

Ellison, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph (1914–1994)   Reference library

John F. Callahan

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...] Bibliography Benston, Kimberly W. , ed. Speaking for You: The Vision of Ralph Ellison . Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, 1987. Busby, Mark . Ralph Ellison . Boston: Twayne, 1991. Ellison, Ralph . The Collected Essays of Ralph Ellison , edited by John F. Callahan. New York: Modern Library, 1995. Ellison, Ralph . Conversations with Ralph Ellison , edited by Maryemma Graham and Amritjit Singh. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 1995. Rampersad, Arnold . Ralph Ellison: A Biography . New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2007. John F....

Ellison, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph (b. 1 March 1914)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
978 words

..., Ralph ( b. 1 March 1914 ; d. 16 April 1994 ), essayist and author of Invisible Man ( 1952 ), a classic modern American novel. Ralph Waldo Ellison was born and raised in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. His parents, the children of former slaves, moved from the South to Oklahoma looking for improved race relations and better opportunities for their children. Ellison's father died when Ellison was three, and his mother was forced to take a series of menial jobs to support her children. While working as a domestic, she often brought home books, magazines, and...

Ellison, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph (1914–1994)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
2,341 words

...You: The Vision of Ralph Ellison, 1987 Kerry Mc-Sweeney , Invisible Man: Race and Identity, 1988. Alan Nadel , Invisible Critics: Ralph Ellison and the American Canon, 1988. Mark Busby , Ralph Ellison, 1991. Ralph Ellison , The Collected Essays of Ralph Ellison, ed. John F. Callahan , 1995. Maureen F. Curtin , “Materializing Invisibility as X-Ray Technology: Skin Matters in Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man”, Literature, Interpretation, Theory 9:4 (April 1999): 281–311. Julia Eichelberger , Ideology and the Individual in Novels by Ralph Ellison , Toni Morrison,...

Ellison, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Ralph ( Ralph Waldo Ellison ) ( 1914–1994 ), African-American novelist and essayist , born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. He studied music at Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, and worked for some time as a jazz musician before going to New York City in the late 1930s to pursue a career in sculpture; there he met Richard Wright , who encouraged him to write. In 1939 Ellison began to write in earnest with the New York Federal Writers' Project , and in 1942 he edited The Negro Quarterly . After several early short stories like ‘Slick Gonna Learn’ and...

Ellison, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph (1914–1994)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
89 words

...Ellison, Ralph [ Waldo ] ( 1914–1994 ), Oklahoma -born author , a student at Tuskegee Institute ( 1933–36 ), has been a visiting professor of creative writing, black culture, and humanities at various major universities, but is best known for his naturalistic novel, Invisible Man ( 1952 ), winner of a National Book Award, tracing the life of a young black man trying to find himself as an individual as well as in relation to his race and society. He also wrote Shadow and Act ( 1964 ), essays....

Ellison, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,272 words

...of Ralph Ellison . Washington, D.C., 1987. Among the best and most comprehensive collections of essays on Ellison's work. Busby, Mark . Ralph Ellison . Boston, 1991. Graham, Maryemma , and Amritjit Singh , eds. Conversations with Ralph Ellison . Jackson, Miss., 1995. A thorough collection of interviews with Ellison that spans his career. Especially effective for tracing the evolution of his thought and of his feelings about Invisible Man . Jackson, Lawrence P. Ralph Ellison: Emergence of Genius . New York, 2002. The first extensive biography of Ellison,...

Ralph Ellison

Ralph Ellison (1914–94)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of American Quotations (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
121 words

...Ralph Ellison 1914 – 94 I am an invisible man. The opening line of Ellison's instantly successful and still influential novel. A few lines later, the speaker explains, “I am invisible, understand, simply because people refuse to see me.” The book, at the end, suggests that we may all be to a degree invisible. The last line reads: “Who knows but that, on the lower frequencies, I speak for you?” Invisible Man , 1952 You can't be Southern without being black, and you can't be a black Southerner without being white. At Harvard University in 1973, Ellison...

Ellison, Ralph Waldo

Ellison, Ralph Waldo (c.1913–1994)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
100 words

..., Ralph Waldo ( c. 1913–1994 ) African American novelist and essayist, mainly remembered for his novel Invisible Man ( 1952 ), which tells the story of a young African American travelling to New York from the South and trying to make his way there. The Surrealism of this novel owes a debt to Ellison's friend Richard Wright and makes complex use of Ellison's interest in jazz and blues. For some forty years Ellison worked intermittently on a second novel, which was finally assembled from his papers and published as Juneteenth in 1999 . Ellison's ...

Ellison, Ralph Waldo

Ellison, Ralph Waldo (1913–1994)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
130 words

..., Ralph Waldo ( c. 1913–1994 ) African American novelist and essayist , born in Oklahoma City. He is mainly remembered for his novel Invisible Man ( 1952 ), which tells the story of a young African American travelling to New York from the South and trying to make his way there. The Surrealism of this novel owes a debt to Ellison's friend Richard Wright and makes complex use of Ellison's interest in jazz and blues. For some forty years Ellison worked intermittently on a second novel, which was finally assembled from his papers by John F....

Ellison, Ralph [Waldo]

Ellison, Ralph [Waldo] (1914–1994)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., Ralph [Waldo] ( 1914–1994 ) African-American novelist , essayist , and short-story writer Invisible Man ( 1952 ) Fiction Shadow and Act ( 1964 ) Non-Fiction Going to the Territory ( 1986 ) Non-Fiction Three Days Before the Shooting [edited by John Callahan and Adam Bradley] ( 2010 ) ...

Ellison, Ralph (Waldo)

Ellison, Ralph (Waldo) (1 March 1913)   Reference library

Michael C. Heller

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
329 words

...communities voiced their sorrow as a means of confronting and expelling it. Ellison's work foregrounds the way jazz has been a crucial influence on many nonmusical aspects of American culture, including humor, language, sports, and the visual arts. His collected writings on jazz have been published as Living with Music: Ralph Ellison's Jazz Writings ( 2001 ). Bibliography R. O’Meally , ed.: “Introduction,” Living with Music (New York, 2001), ix–xxxv A. Rampersad : Ralph Ellison: a Biography (New York, 2007) Michael C....

Ellison, Ralph [Waldo]

Ellison, Ralph [Waldo] (1914–94)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
122 words

..., Ralph [Waldo] ( 1914–94 ), Oklahoma-born author, a student at Tuskegee Institute ( 1933–36 ), was a visiting professor of creative writing, black culture, and humanities at various major universities, but is best known for his naturalistic novel, Invisible Man ( 1952 ), winner of a National Book Award, tracing the life of a young black man trying to find himself as an individual as well as in relation to his race and society. It remains a major novel. He also wrote Shadow and Act ( 1964 ), essays, and Going to the Territory ( 1986 ), a later...

Ellison, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
61 words
Ralph Ellison

Ralph Ellison  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1914–1994),Oklahoma-born author, a student at Tuskegee Institute (1933–36), has been a visiting professor of creative writing, black culture, and humanities at various major universities, but is ...
Rinehart

Rinehart  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Bliss Proteus Rinehart, a con artist in Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man (1952), takes his middle name from the sea god Proteus, who had the power to assume many different shapes and disguises in order ...
Ras The Destroyer

Ras The Destroyer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man (1952) Ras the Exhorter (turned Ras the Destroyer) represents the nationalistic view of the African American. He is a foil to the narrator in that where the narrator ...
Shadow and Act

Shadow and Act  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
When it was first published in 1964, Ralph Ellison's Shadow and Act was hailed as his autobiography. Such critics as George P. Elliot and R. W. B. Lewis took their cue from Ellison himself, who in ...
Dr. Bledsoe

Dr. Bledsoe  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Dr. Bledsoe, the president of the college from which Ralph Ellison's narrator is expelled in Invisible Man (1952), is pivotal to the novel's structure, for it is Bledsoe who ejects the narrator out ...
Trueblood

Trueblood  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Jim Trueblood has generally been depicted as a Black male who, unable to control his sexual appetites, breaks one of humanity's greatest taboosincest. He further has the dubious distinction of ...

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