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Qumran Community

Subject: Religion

Jewish monastic community which lived near the shores of the Dead Sea. Major archaeological excavations have taken place in the area. Khirbet Qumran is the site of a building complex ... ...

Qumran community

Qumran community   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
118 words

... community . Jewish monastic community which lived near the shores of the Dead Sea. Major archaeological excavations have taken place in the area. Khirbet Qumran is the site of a building complex which includes a large cemetery. It has been suggested that it was the site of the Essene community described by Pliny the Elder (but see further DEAD SEA SCROLLS ). The occupants of the site clearly aimed at self-sufficiency with large storerooms and an elaborate system of customs. These have been connected to the elaborate cleansing prescriptions laid down...

QUMRAN COMMUNITY

QUMRAN COMMUNITY   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,098 words

...Essenes worshiped the sun; the Qumran scrolls make it clear that the community followed a solar calendar. Philo’s description of the Essenes agrees in most points with Josephus. Pliny describes a community of Essenes that is located at a place that fits the physical description of Khirbat Qumran remarkably well. Although there are areas of disagreement between the ancient writers and the scrolls, a good example being the question of celibacy, the agreements are far-reaching enough to make the identity of the Qumran community as Essene very plausible. Although...

Qumran Community

Qumran Community   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

... Community . The term Qumran community refers to the community whose archaeological and literary remains were preserved at Khirbet Qumran, ῾Ein-Feshka, and nearby caves. [See ῾Ein-Feshka ; Qumran, article on Archaeology .] As the archaeological evidence is reconsidered, as new texts are published and new questions are being asked of long-known texts, the identification of the Qumran community, or communities, remains one of the most debated issues in Qumran scholarship. The archaeological remains point to the use of the settlement at Qumran by a...

Qumran Community

Qumran Community  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Jewish monastic community which lived near the shores of the Dead Sea. Major archaeological excavations have taken place in the area. Khirbet Qumran is the site of a building complex ...
8 The Transmission of Jewish Knowledge through MSS and Printed Books

8 The Transmission of Jewish Knowledge through MSS and Printed Books   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
4,966 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...your work, for your occupation is a sacred one; should you perchance omit or add one single letter you would thereby destroy all the universe.’ ( Eruvin , 13a) The first surviving biblical texts are found in the scrolls discovered from 1947 onwards in eleven caves near Khirbet Qumran (south of Jericho), the *Dead Sea Scrolls . The greater part of these finds have been published in the last few decades, and they provide a treasure trove of information on early Jewish book culture and the transmission of the text of the Hebrew Bible. For this introduction, two...

Worship, Qumran Sect

Worship, Qumran Sect  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Worship at Qumran cannot be understood without setting it in the entire development of Jewish practice in the Second Temple period. One of the striking features of this period is ...
Sons of Light

Sons of Light  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Hebrew phrase used in the Dead Sea Scrolls. The ‘sons of light’ are contrasted with the ‘sons of darkness’, and are presumably to be identified with members of the Qumran community.[...]
Religious Beliefs, Qumran Sect

Religious Beliefs, Qumran Sect  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The prevalent descriptions of Qumran beliefs are the achievements of research which relied primarily on the well-preserved scrolls from Cave 1. A number of assumptions and presuppositions resulting ...
Rule of the Community

Rule of the Community  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A work among several others found in the Dead Sea Scrolls containing regulations for the sectarian Qumran community. The Rule of the Community (Serekh ha- Yaḥad) deals with admission of ...
Zadokite fragments

Zadokite fragments  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Also known as the Damascus Document, similar to the Manual of Discipline from Qumran, containing the rules of the community. This document was discovered in the geniza attached to an ancient ...
War Scroll

War Scroll  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
One of the Dead Sea scrolls found near Qumran. The War Scroll is an apocalyptic work describing the conflict at the end of time between the Sons of Light and the Sons of Darkness.[...]
city of Salt

city of Salt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A town given to the tribe of Judah (Josh. 15: 62; REB, Irmelach), considered to be Khirbet Qumran, where the community which wrote the Dead Sea scrolls was living.
Beatitudes

Beatitudes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A set of related Hebrew fragments, one of which contains five beatitudes, was found in Cave 4 at Qumran; it is known as Wisdom Text with Beatitudes (4Q525). The fragments ...
House Of Judah

House Of Judah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
There are four certain occurrences of the term house of Judah in the Dead Sea Scrolls: the Damascus Document (CD iv.11); Pesher Habakkuk (1QpHab viii.1); Pesher Psalmsa (4Q171 1–10. ii.14) ...
Temple Scroll

Temple Scroll  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Scroll of the Jewish Qumran sect. The Temple Scroll was among those found in the Dead Sea collection and dates from the end of the 2nd cent. bce. It includes ...
Copper Scroll

Copper Scroll  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A document found at Qumran. It consists of an inventory of treasure, conjectured to be the treasure seized from the Temple before the Jewish revolt of 67 ce.
testimony books

testimony books  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A possible collection of testimonies to Christ assembled before the gospels were compiled. It is suggested that there was an urgent need in the Church for such a collection of testimonies (Latin, ...
Zadokites

Zadokites  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Heb., ‘Benei Zadok’, ‘Sons of Zadok’).Members of the ascetic community at Qumran. According to the Dead Sea Scrolls, ‘the sons of Zadok are the elect of Israel, called by name, who arise in the ...
Judicial Procedures

Judicial Procedures  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
For what is generally considered to have been a small, self-enclosed community, the multiple references in the Qumran texts to juridical bodies are noteworthy. The Damascus Document includes a serekh ...
Sapiential Work

Sapiential Work  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A large wisdom text sometimes referred to as Sapiential Work A appears in fragmentary form in six Qumran manuscripts: wisdom apocryphon (Sapiential Work Af) (1Q26), Sapiential Work Ad (= verso ...

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