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Qom

Subject: Religion

Leading center of Shii theological seminaries and site of Hazrat-i Masumah, which is the second most important Shii shrine in Iran. Burial site of numerous shahs of the Safavid and Qajar ...

Qom

Qom   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
30 words

... City in w central Iran. The burial place of Fatima , her shrine is a place of pilgrimage for Shi'ite Muslims. Industries: textiles, rugs, pottery, glass, shoes. Pop. ( 2002 )...

Qom

Qom   Reference library

Johanna Granville

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
303 words

... . Located in north-central Iran 97 miles (156 kilometers) southwest of the capital city of Tehran, Qom is the seventh-largest city in the country and the capital of Qom province. The town lies on both banks of the Qom River (Rud-e Qom) and beside the salt desert Dasht-e Kavir. Since most of the land in the province is uncultivable (given the scanty rainfall and proximity to the desert), Qom excels in manufacturing (rugs and other textiles, glass, pottery, cement, and shoes) rather than in agriculture. Qom is best known, however, as the largest center for Shia...

Qom

Qom   Reference library

The Islamic World: Past and Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
264 words

...Qom Qom, a city in central Iran located south of Tehran, is a major Shi'i religious site and the leading center of Islamic learning in Iran. In 816 Fatimah, the sister of the eighth imam, Ali al-Rida died in Qom while traveling to meet her brother. Her grave, later topped with a gold dome, became the second most important Shi'i shrine in Iran. Historically, Qom residents have developed a reputation for religious piety and resistance to government policies. Qom served as a center of opposition to the Umayyad dynasty ( 661–750 ). During the next few...

Qom

Qom   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
63 words

... . Iranian town, south of Teheran, a major centre for the training of Shīʿa Muslim teachers and leaders. The tomb of Hazrat-i- Fātima , the sister of the eighth Imam , ʿAli al-Rida, is located here, and it is the most important place of pilgrimage after his own tomb at Mashhad . In 1978 the first outbreak of protest against the Pahlavi rulers occurred in Qom...

Qom

Qom   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
146 words

...each day are accompanied by state-appointed guards extolling the sovereignty of the reigning government under God. Qom's madrasas in particular were a major center of resistance to the Pahlavi monarchy. When Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Iran from exile, he went immediately to Qom, which remains a key seat of the ulama's educational and political...

Qom

Qom   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,726 words
Illustration(s):
1

...London, 2003. Rāzī, Shaykh Muḥammad . Ganjīnah-i dānishmandān . 5 vols.Qom, Iran, 1973–1974. Sayyid, Kamal as- . Qom and the Virgin of the City . Translated by Abdullah al-Shahin . Qom, Iran, 2003. Sharīʿa, Muhḥammad-Ḥusayn Nāṣir al- . Tārīkh-i Qom va Zindigānī-yi Ḥaz̤rat-i Maʿṣūmah . Qom, Iran, 1971. Shimamoto, Takamitsu . “ Some Reflections on the Origin of Qom: Myth and History. ” Orient 27 (1991): 95–113. Ṭabāṭabāʿī, Ḥusayn Mudarrisī . Qom dar qarn-i nuhum-i hijrī . Qom, Iran, 1971. Michael M. J. Fischer Updated by Omid...

Qom

Qom (Iran)   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Qom , Iran Founded by Arabs, it takes its name from the pre-Islamic village of Kumandan or Kumidān, which was merged with several other villages into a walled town in 730 . Kumandan may be derived from a personal name, that of one of its founders, or possibly from kūma , a type of hut....

Qom, Khirbet El-

Qom, Khirbet El-   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
557 words

...Research , no. 220 (1975): 55–61. Hadley, Judith M. “ The Khirbet el-Qôm Inscription. ” Vetus Testamentum 37 (1987): 50–62. Holladay, John S. “ Khirbet el-Qôm. ” Israel Exploration Journal 21 (1971): 175–177. Lemaire, André . “ Les inscriptions des Khirbet El-Qôm et l'Ashérah de Yhwh. ” Revue Biblique 84 (1977): 597–608. Mittmann, Siegfried . “ Die Grabinschrift des Sängers Uriahu. ” Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 97 (1981): 139–152. Zevit, Ziony . “The Khirbet el Qom Inscription Mentioning a Goddess.” Bulletin of the American Schools of...

Qom

Qom   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
37 words
Qom

Qom   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
37 words
Qom

Qom   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
25 words
Qom

Qom   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
25 words
Qom

Qom   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
31 words
Qom

Qom  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Leading center of Shii theological seminaries and site of Hazrat-i Masumah, which is the second most important Shii shrine in Iran. Burial site of numerous shahs of the Safavid and Qajar dynasties ...
Dialogue Between East and West

Dialogue Between East and West   Reference library

Mohammad Khatami Ayatollah

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,648 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...He was born into a clerical family in Ardakan in central Iran; his father was the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khatami. After religious studies in Qom, Khatami entered the University of Isfahan in 1965 to study philosophy, followed in 1969 by graduate studies in education at the University of Teheran. Two years later, he returned to Qom to pursue further religious studies in Islamic law, jurisprudence, and philosophy. In Qom he became more immersed in political activity. In 1978, on the eve of the Iranian revolution, he was chosen to lead the Hamburg Islamic...

Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy   Reference library

Christoph Bultmann and Christoph Bultmann

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
28,352 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Press). Mowinckel, S. (1962), The Psalms in Israel's Worship (2 vols.; Oxford: Blackwell). Müller, H.-P. (1997), ‘molæk’, in TDOT 8 (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans), 375–88. ———(1992), ‘Kolloquialsprache und Volksreligion in den Inschriften von Kuntillet ‘Ajrud und Ḫirbet el-Qōm’, Zeitschrift für Althebraistik , 5: 15–51. Nicholson, E. W. (1986), God and His People: Covenant and Theology in the Old Testament (Oxford: Clarendon). Nielsen, E. (1995), Deuteronomium , HAT 1/6 (Tübingen: Mohr[Siebeck]). Noth, M. (1991), The Deuteronomistic History, ...

Archaeology and the Bible

Archaeology and the Bible   Reference library

Oxford Bible Atlas (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,033 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...close to the standing figures, which contains the phrase, ‘I bless you by Yahweh of Samaria and his asherah ’. Another storage jar from Kuntillet ‘Ajrud bears an inscription which mentions ‘Yahweh of Teman and his asherah ’. (A roughly contemporary inscription from Khirbet el‐Qom, carved in stone and originally in a burial cave, contains the request that a certain Uriyahu may be blessed by Yahweh, and saved from his enemies by ‘his asherah ’.) The significance of these inscription has been much debated, in particular whether the term asherah refers to a...

Ayatollah Muhammad Kazim Shariat Madari

Ayatollah Muhammad Kazim Shariat Madari  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1986)Iranian legal scholar from Tabriz. Studied in Qom with Abd al-Karim Haeri Yazdi (d. 1937), founder of the modern seminary there, and went to Najaf for higher studies in law with Muhammad ...
Ibn Babawayh Muhammad

Ibn Babawayh Muhammad  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 991)Also known as al-Qummi and al-Saduq. Twelver Shii scholar and the leader of the traditionists in Qom, Iran. Recorded and preserved traditions transmitted from Muhammad and the imams in the ...
Ayatollah Sayyid Shihab al-Din Marashi-Najafi

Ayatollah Sayyid Shihab al-Din Marashi-Najafi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1990)Iranian cleric. Studied at Najaf and Qom with Ayatollah Abd al-Karim Haeri Yazdi and later taught there. In addition to prolific scholarship, he was devoted to social and educational ...

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