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Psammetichus experiment

The earliest recorded psychological experiment, reported about 429 bc in The Histories (Part 1, Book 2, paragraph 2) of the Greek historian Herodotus (?485–425 bc), the world's first ...

Psammetichus experiment

Psammetichus experiment n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... experiment n . The earliest recorded psychological experiment, reported about 429 bc in The Histories (Part 1, Book 2, paragraph 2) of the Greek historian Herodotus ( ?485–425 bc ), the world's first history book. According to Herodotus, the Egyptian Pharaoh Psammetichus I ( 664–610 bc ) performed the experiment to determine whether human beings have an innate capacity for speech, and if so, which particular language is innate. He ordered two infants to be brought up in a remote place by a shepherd who was forbidden to speak in their...

Psammetichus experiment

Psammetichus experiment  

The earliest recorded psychological experiment, reported about 429 bc in The Histories (Part 1, Book 2, paragraph 2) of the Greek historian Herodotus (?485–425 bc), the world's first history book. ...
Kaspar Hauser experiment

Kaspar Hauser experiment  

An experiment in which an animal is reared in isolation from members of its own species (conspecifics), for example, the experiments carried out in the 1950s by the British ethologist William H. ...
Kaspar Hauser experiment

Kaspar Hauser experiment n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Hauser experiment n . An experiment in which an animal is reared in isolation from members of its own species (conspecifics), for example, the experiments carried out in the 1950s by the British ethologist William H(oman) Thorpe ( 1902–86 ) in which birds were reared in isolation to determine which aspects of their songs are innate . See also feral child , Psammetichus experiment . [Named after Kaspar Hauser (? 1812–33 ), a teenage boy who appeared mysteriously in Nuremberg in 1828 and was believed at first to be a feral child, having grown up...

innate idea

innate idea n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... collective unconscious and, in modified form, by the US linguist and philosopher (Avram) Noam Chomsky (born 1928 ) in his concepts of universal grammar and the language acquisition device . See also collective unconscious , empiricism , innate , nativism , Psammetichus experiment , rationalism ( 1 , 2 ) . Compare empiricism . [From Latin innatus born in, from in in or into + natus born, from nasci to be born + Greek idea a model, pattern, or form, from idein to...

Sculpture

Sculpture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
90,898 words
Illustration(s):
41

...a hard stone came not from the Near East but from Egypt , where grid-based statues in hard stones of striding, kilted males had been produced for centuries. The date of the Nikandre Kore ( c. 660– c. 650 bc ) coincides with the successful use of East Greek mercenaries by Psammetichus I ( reg 664–610 bc ) to establish himself on the throne of Egypt and with the subsequent founding of an East Greek trading colony at Naukratis in the Nile Delta. Sculptors on Naxos and Samos pioneered the technique of marble-carving, which soon spread throughout the...

LANGUAGE

LANGUAGE   Reference library

Irène Rosier-Catach, Barbara Cassin, Pierre Caussat, and Anne Grondeux

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
9,944 words

...the question of knowing whether “grammar” is possessed naturally by men (“utrum grammatica sit naturaliter ab homine habita”): men who have never heard a human word spoken ( loquela ) are still naturally able to speak ( locutio vel grammatica ). He makes reference to Psammetichus’s famous experiment, reported by Herodotus (for a more detailed history, see Launay, “Un roi, deux enfants et des chèvres,” which unfortunately cites only very few texts in the original): Si homines aliqui in deserto nutrirentur, ita quod numquam aliorum hominum loquelam audirent nec...

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