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Primate

Subject: Religion

The title of the bishop of the ‘first see’, usually the chief bishop of a single state or people. The Abp. of Canterbury is ‘Primate of All England’, the Abp. of York ‘Primate of ...

primate

primate n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n . Any member of the order Primates, including humans, anthropoid apes, monkeys, lorises, and lemurs. [From Latin primates plural of primas principal, from primus ...

primate

primate   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
40 words

... any member of the Primates, an order of placental mammals. Primates are characterized by flexible pentadactyl limbs, opposable first digits, good stereoscopic vision, and, in the higher apes, highly developed brains. Included are lemurs, tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and...

Primate

Primate   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
38 words

... . The title of the bishop of the ‘first see’, usually the chief bishop of a single state or people. The Abp. of Canterbury is ‘Primate of All England’, the Abp. of York ‘Primate of...

Primate

Primate   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The title of the bishop of the ‘first’ or chief see of a state (Latin prima sedes ), originally the metropolitan of a province. The archbishop of York is the Primate of England and the archbishop of Canterbury the Primate of All...

Primate

Primate   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
34 words

... . The metropolitan of the ‘first see’ (Lat., prima sedes ) of a whole nation or people. Anomalously, the archbishop of Canterbury is ‘Primate of All England’ and the archbishop of York ‘Primate of...

primate

primate   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
45 words

... Regional head of an episcopally structured church hierarchy. The term functions as a title. In the Church of England the term serves to describe the Archbishop of Canterbury, who is ‘Primate of all England’, and the Archbishop of York, who is ‘Primate of...

primate

primate   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
63 words

... The title of the bp of the ‘first see’ ( prima sedes ), used originally of the metropolitan of a province, then for a time equated with the patriarch , and later applied to the chief bp of a single state or people. The abp of Canterbury is ‘primate of all England’, the abp of York ‘primate of...

primate

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A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... A mammal that belongs to the order Primates, which includes monkeys, apes, and humans. Primates are adapted to arboreal life, in some species secondarily adapted to life on the ground. Ears and eyes are well developed, many species with binocular vision, but the sense of smell is reduced. The brain is large. Digits are long, in many species ending with nails rather than claws. Teeth are unspecialized; most are omnivores. Depending on the classification, there are 230–270 extant species, with more being discovered every few...

Primate

Primate   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
166 words

... The title of primate, granted in the West from the 4th c. to certain metropolitan sees, does not appear in the hierarchy defined by scholars, from Isidore of Seville to Gratian. It enjoyed a relative success in the feudal period, when the very ordering of societies went by the construction of hierarchies, and when it was necessary to define ranks and precedences in court assemblies and synods : Lyon , Sens and Bourges in France , Canterbury , Magdeburg , Armagh , and Gran at the end of the 14th c., had the primatial title for a definite region...

primate city

primate city   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
23 words

... city A city that dominates the economic and political life of a country, usually containing a large percentage of the country's...

primate space

primate space   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
58 words

...primate space ( anthropoid space ) A naturally occurring spacing between the teeth of the primary dentition. In the maxillary arch, it is located between the lateral incisors and canines , whereas in the mandibular arch the space is between the canines and first molars. It also occurs between the canine and first premolar teeth in adult primates...

primate city

primate city   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

... city The largest city within a nation which dominates the country not solely in size—being more than twice as large as the second city, as in London and Birmingham, UK—but also in terms of influence. Tammarau (2000) Tijdschrift 91, 1 explores this concept in centrally planned, developed, and developing...

Primate behaviour

Primate behaviour   Reference library

Magic Universe: A Grand Tour of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
1,856 words

...earlier was a question that teased the experts when the stamp was drawn to their attention in 2000 . Hints of human-like behaviour in other primates—monkeys and apes—have amused onlookers for thousands of years. When 19th-century science established that humans were descended from the apes, these hints acquired evolutionary significance. What features, apart from anatomy, distinguish us from the other primates? Conversely, what can our animal cousins tell us about the origins of our own behaviour? Three possibly exclusive human talents were on offer:...

primate language

primate language   Reference library

Roger S. Fouts and Deborah H. Fouts

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,938 words

... language . There are several historical attempts to teach our fellow animals human language, but until 1966 no such attempts yielded positive results. Then R. A. and B. T. Gardner , in extensive studies carried out in America, considered the possibility that, although primates might be unable to produce voluntary speech, perhaps they could learn to communicate by a human sign language. So they set out to teach an 11-month-old female chimpanzee—Washoe—the signs of American Sign Language ( ASL ). After 51 months, Washoe had acquired 132 signs of ASL,...

Primate Spirituality

Primate Spirituality   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
2,744 words

... Spirituality On 14 July 1960 I arrived, for the first time, on the shores of Gombe national park (it was a game reserve then) to learn about the behavior of wild chimpanzees. Little did I think as I snuggled into my tiny camp-bed on the first night, that I was launching what is today the longest uninterrupted study of any group of animals, anywhere. Or that the chimpanzees would provide me with information that would help us to redefine our relationship with the rest of the animal kingdom and to redefine what it means to be human. The great apes...

primate

primate   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... in the Christian Church, the chief bishop or archbishop of a province. In England both the archbishops are primates, the Archbishop of Canterbury being entitled Primate of All England and the Archbishop of York Primate of England . In Ireland, both the Roman Catholic and the Anglican Archbishops of Armagh are styled Primate of All Ireland . Before the Reformation, the Archbishop of St Andrews was (from 1487 ) Primate of Scotland . In France there were formerly three primates, the archbishops of Lyons , Bourges , and Rouen...

Primate

Primate   Reference library

Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Primate /'prʌɪmeɪt/ . 1 any animal of the order Primates /prʌɪ'meɪti:z/ , the highest order of mammals, including tarsiers, lemurs, apes, monkeys, and man. 2 an archbishop. The ordinary plural for both senses is primates /ˈprʌɪmeɪts/ , i.e. is not pronounced like the name of the zoological...

primate

primate   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
260 words

... • bedmate • flatmate • classmate • checkmate • helpmate • messmate • playmate • stalemate • stablemate • teammate • inmate • shipmate • acclimate • sublimate • animate • decimate • approximate • estimate , guesstimate, underestimate • intimate • primate • housemate • soulmate • schoolmate • room-mate • consummate • amalgamate • diplomate • automate • glutamate • workmate • gamut • imamate , marmot • animate • approximate , proximate • estimate , guesstimate, underestimate • illegitimate , legitimate • intimate • penultimate ,...

primate

primate 1   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
46 words

... 1 chief bishop of a province. XIII. ME. primat — (O)F. — late L. prīmās , -at- , sb. use of L. prīmās of the first rank, chief, f. prīmus first, PRIME 2 . So primatial XVII. — F., f. medL. prīmātia (for earlier prīmātus ), whence, partly through (O)F. primatie , primacy...

primate

primate nm   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford-Hachette French Dictionary: French-English (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
4 words

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