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Polyclitus

(5th century bc), Greek sculptor, known for his statues of idealized male athletes. Two Roman copies of his works survive, the Doryphoros (spear-bearer) and the Diadumenos (youth ...

Polyclitus

Polyclitus (1)(of *Larissa)   Reference library

Albert Brian Bosworth

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
32 words

... (1) of Larissa , author of Historiae relating to Alexander (3) ‘the Great’ ( FGrH 128), is known primarily as a geographical source for Strabo . Albert Brian...

Polyclitus

Polyclitus (c.450–c.420 bc)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
194 words

... (active c. 450– c. 420 bc ). One of the most celebrated of Greek sculptors. He was probably a native of Argos, although Pliny says he came from Sicyon. No original works by him survive, but several are known through Roman copies. He is now most famous for his Doryphorus (Spear Carrier), the best copy of which is in the Archaeological Museum in Naples. In this figure he is said to have embodied the system of mathematical proportions on which he wrote a book, and the statue—long regarded as a standard for ideal male beauty—is sometimes referred to...

Polyclitus

Polyclitus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
208 words

... or Polykleitos (5th-century bc ). Argive (or Sicyonian?) sculptor renowned for his chryselephantine Hera at Argos and male figures in bronze, especially the Doryphorus (Spear-Bearer), which apparently exemplified his Canon (Rule), a treatise on ideal male beauty as embodied in a system of precise mathematical proportions. Only tantalizing fragments of this text survive (e.g. ‘perfection comes about little by little through many numbers’), and variations among numerous ancient copies of the statue of a muscular nude youth (e.g. Vatican Mus.;...

Polyclitus

Polyclitus   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
194 words

... ( active c .450– c .420 bc ). One of the most celebrated of Greek sculptors . He was probably a native of Argos, although Pliny says he came from Sicyon. No original works by him survive, but several are known through Roman copies. He is now most famous for his Doryphorus (Spear Carrier), the best copy of which is in the Archaeological Museum in Naples. In this figure he is said to have embodied the system of mathematical proportions on which he wrote a book, and the statue—long regarded as a standard for ideal male beauty—is sometimes referred...

Polyclītus

Polyclītus   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
348 words

...such as Euphranor and Lysippus introduced their own variations upon this ideal, the Polyclitan ideal remained widely influential, and was esp. popular in Roman imperial sculpture. This and the longevity of Polyclitus' own school accounts for Pliny the Elder 's observation that later artists followed his work ‘like a law’. Varro criticized Polyclitus' work as being ‘virtually stereotyped’, and a series of copies that apparently reproduce his other statues bear this out. His Amazon was placed first in a contest at...

Polyclitus

Polyclitus   Quick reference

Andrew F. Stewart

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
522 words

... , Argive sculptor, active c. 460–410 bc . Supposedly a pupil of Hageladas, Polyclitus worked exclusively in metal; all his works were in bronze except the Hera of Argos (after 423 ), which was in chryselephantine. He made gods, heroes, and athletes, and his statues of mortals were unsurpassed (Quint. 12. 10. 9). His reputation rested largely on a single work, the Doryphorus or Spearbearer; he also wrote a book called the Canon, or Rule, that explained the principles of his art, apparently basing it on this statue. In it, he stated that ‘perfection...

Polyclitus

Polyclitus (2)   Reference library

Andrew F. Stewart

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
607 words

... (2) , Argive sculptor, active c. 460–410 bc . Supposedly a pupil of Hageladas, Polyclitus worked exclusively in metal; all his works were in bronze (inscriptions from Argos now date the chryselephantine Hera , attributed to him by Pausanias (3) 2. 17, to the 390s). He made gods, heroes, and athletes, and his statues of mortals were unsurpassed (Quint. 12. 10. 9). His reputation rested largely on a single work, the Doryphorus or Spearbearer; he also wrote a book called the Canon , or Rule, that explained the principles of his art, apparently...

Polyclitus of Argos

Polyclitus of Argos (fl. c.460–420bce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
823 words

... of Argos ( fl. c.460–420 bce ), Greek sculptor . Ancient tradition places Polyclitus alongside Phidias in the highest rank of Greek sculptors. In contrast with Phidias, whom antiquity hailed as the unsurpassed fashioner of gods, Polyclitus was preeminent for his statues of mortals. His carefully contrived formula for representing the ideal nude male form inspired centuries of imitation and served as a point of departure for subsequent innovations in sculptural style. Scant biographical information exists regarding Polyclitus, but his dates of...

Polyclitus the Younger

Polyclitus the Younger (370–336)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
63 words

... the Younger ( fl . 370–336 bc ) Ancient-Greek architect / sculptor . He designed the theatre and tholos ( c .350 bc ), Epidaurus, which had very beautiful Corinthian capitals on the internal circle of fourteen columns, and a Doric Order for the external peristyle . Burford ( 1969 ) ; D ( 1950 ) ; La ( 1983...

Polyclitus

Polyclitus   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... (5th century bc ), Greek sculptor , known for his statues of idealized male athletes. Two Roman copies of his works survive, the Doryphoros (spear-bearer) and the Diadumenos (youth fastening a band round his...

Polyclitus

Polyclitus   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
135 words

... • cactus • saltus • Diophantus • Sanctus • Rastus , Theophrastus • altostratus , cirrostratus, nimbostratus, stratus • conspectus , prospectus • momentous , portentous • asbestos , Festus • apparatus , Donatus, hiatus, status • acetous , boletus, Cetus, Epictetus, fetus, Miletus, quietus • Hephaestus • Benedictus , ictus, rictus • Quintus • linctus • eucalyptus • cistus • coitus • circuitous , fortuitous, gratuitous • Hippolytus • calamitous • tinnitus • Iapetus • crepitus • precipitous , serendipitous • impetus • emeritus •...

Polyclitus

Polyclitus   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
55 words
Polyclitus

Polyclitus   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
40 words
Polyclitus

Polyclitus   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
44 words
Polyclitus

Polyclitus  

Reference type:
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Of Larissa, author of Historiae relating to Alexander (3) ‘the Great’ (Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 128), is known primarily as a geographical source for Strabo.Albert Brian Bosworth
Polyclitus

Polyclitus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(5th century bc),Greek sculptor, known for his statues of idealized male athletes. Two Roman copies of his works survive, the Doryphoros (spear-bearer) and the Diadumenos (youth fastening a band ...
Polyclitus the Younger

Polyclitus the Younger  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(fl. 370–336 bc).Ancient Greek architect and sculptor. He designed the theatre and tholos (c.350 bc) at Epidaurus, which had very beautiful Corinthian capitals on the internal circle of fourteen ...
Cresilas

Cresilas  

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Sculptor from Cydonia in Crete, active c.440–410 bc.His statues of Pericles and of Dieitrephes shot through with arrows stood on the Acropolis; their signed bases survive. Acc. to Pliny the Elder, ...
Baiae casts

Baiae casts  

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In 1954 a large number of fragments of ancient plaster casts came to light in the Roman city of Baiae on the gulf of Naples. Of a total of 430 ...
Apollonius

Apollonius  

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(1st cent. bc),son of Archias, Athenian sculptor. A copyist and a member of a sculptor-dynasty alternating the names Apollonius and Archias, he was author of a herm (see herms) ...

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