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James Knox Polk

(1795–1849) US Democratic statesman, 11th President of the USA (1845–49). His term of office resulted in major territorial additions to the USA: Texas was admitted to the Union ...

Polk, James Knox

Polk, James Knox (1795–1849)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
58 words

..., James Knox ( 1795–1849 ) US Democratic statesman, 11th President of the USA ( 1845–49 ) . His term of office resulted in major territorial additions to the USA: Texas was admitted to the Union in 1845 , and the successful outcome of the conflict with Mexico resulted in the annexation of California and the south-west two years later....

Polk, James Knox

Polk, James Knox (1795–1849)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
67 words

..., James Knox ( 1795–1849 ) 11th US president ( 1845–49 ). During his administration, California and New Mexico were acquired as a result of the US victory in the Mexican War ( 1846–48 ), which Polk's aggressive policy had largely provoked. He also gained Oregon through the Oregon Treaty ( 1846 ). Other policy goals that he achieved included reduction of the tariff and restoration of an independent...

Polk, James Knox

Polk, James Knox (1795–1849)   Reference library

John H. Schroeder and Dani Holtz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., James Knox ( 1795–1849 ), eleventh president of the United States ( 1845–1849 ). Born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, on 2 November 1795 , Polk moved to Tennessee with his family in 1806 and graduated from the University of North Carolina. Admitted to the bar in 1820 , Polk became an active Jacksonian Democrat, serving in Congress from 1825 to 1839 , as Speaker of the House from 1835 to 1839 , and as governor of Tennessee from 1839 to 1841 . During the 1844 presidential contest, the first election centered around foreign policy, Polk...

Polk, James Knox

Polk, James Knox   Reference library

Wayne Cutler

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
743 words

..., James Knox ( 1795 – 1849 ), eleventh president of the United States . A Jacksonian Democrat and devotee of Thomas Jefferson ’s agrarian political ideology, Polk was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina , and reared in Maury County, Tennessee. Graduating with honors from the University of North Carolina in 1818 , he first practiced law and in 1823 won election to the Tennessee legislature. He married Sarah Childress in 1824 . Elected to Congress in 1825 , he opposed President John Quincy Adams ’s domestic program of economic development...

Polk, James Knox

Polk, James Knox (1795–1849)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., James Knox ( 1795–1849 ) 11th president of the United States , born in North Carolinia . Polk, who moved to Tennessee as a child, was admitted to the bar in 1820 and quickly became active in politics, entering the state legislature in 1823 . In 1825 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, where he viewed slavery as an evil to be borne. He opposed high tariffs and supported only limited spending for internal improvements. Polk served as House Speaker for two terms ( 1835–39 ). To signal his opposition to the new Whig party, headed by ...

Polk, James Knox

Polk, James Knox   Reference library

Wayne Cutler

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
715 words

...Polk, James Knox ( 1795–1849 ), eleventh president of the United States. A Jacksonian Democrat and devotee of Thomas Jefferson 's agrarian political ideology, Polk was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, and reared in Maury County, Tennessee. Graduating with honors from the University of North Carolina in 1818 , he first practiced law and in 1823 won election to the Tennessee legislature. He married Sarah Childress in 1824 . Elected to Congress in 1825 , he opposed President John Quincy Adams 's domestic program of economic development and...

Polk, James Knox

Polk, James Knox   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
68 words
Polk, James Knox

Polk, James Knox   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
71 words
James Knox Polk

James Knox Polk  

(1795–1849)US Democratic statesman, 11th President of the USA (1845–49). His term of office resulted in major territorial additions to the USA: Texas was admitted to the Union in 1845, and the ...
Gideon Johnson Pillow

Gideon Johnson Pillow  

(1806–78) Confederate army officer. Having befriended James K. Polk, a native of the same Tennessee region, he received a commission as brigadier general of volunteers from Polk after Polk's election ...
Battle of Mexico City

Battle of Mexico City  

The final campaign of the Mexican War, won by the United States on September 14, 1848. In early 1847, President James K. Polk and Gen. Winfield Scott planned to occupy ...
James Gillespie Birney

James Gillespie Birney  

(b. 4 February 1792; d. 25 November 1857), abolitionist and two-time presidential candidate for the Liberty Party.James Gillespie Birney was born in Danville, Kentucky, to a slaveholding family. He ...
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden

Thomas Leonidas Crittenden  

(1819–93) Union army officer and lawyer, born in Russellville, Kentucky. As an aide to the staff of Gen. Zachary Taylor during the Mexican War (1846–48), Crittenden was selected to carry ...
Gideon Welles

Gideon Welles  

(1802–1878) U.S. politician and Secretary of the Navy. Born in Glastonbury, Connecticut, on July 1, 1802, Gideon Welles attended the academy at Norwich, Vermont (now Norwich University). In the 1820s ...
Liberty Party

Liberty Party  

The Liberty party was organized in Warsaw, New York, in 1839 by abolitionists convinced that they must take their decade-long antislavery propaganda campaign into the polling booth to accomplish ...
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo  

A treaty signed in Guadalupe-Hidalgo on February 2, 1848, to end the Mexican War (1846–48). The United States agreed to pay Mexico $15 million and assume $3 million in adjusted ...
George Bancroft

George Bancroft  

(1800–1891),Massachusetts statesman and scholar, while holding various government posts obtained material for his monumental History of the United States (1834–76). As secretary of navy under Polk, ...
Oregon treaty

Oregon treaty  

1846.The disputed eastern boundary between Canada and the USA was settled by the Ashburton treaty of 1842. The vast area between the Rockies and the Pacific known as the Oregon Territory was covered ...
Constitutional and Political Basis of War and the Military

Constitutional and Political Basis of War and the Military  

Reference type:
Overview Page
When the framers met in Philadelphia to draft the U.S. Constitution, they were aware that existing models of government placed the war power squarely in the hands of the king. ...
Winfield Scott

Winfield Scott  

(1786–1866) Union army officer, born in Virginia. Scott was known as “Old Fuss and Feathers” because of his love of gaudy uniforms. After serving in a volunteer cavalry unit, Scott ...

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