You are looking at 1-20 of 81 entries  for:

  • All: Political Thicket x
clear all

View:

Overview

Political Thicket

Subject: Law

Phrase that originated in Justice Felix Frankfurter's opinion for the Court, although he spoke only for two other justices, in Colegrove v. Green (1946), in which he argued that federal ...

Political Thicket

Political Thicket   Reference library

J. W. Peltason and Christopher P. Banks

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
608 words

... Thicket , phrase that originated in Justice Felix Frankfurter 's opinion for the Court, although he spoke only for two other justices, in Colegrove v. Green ( 1946 ), in which he argued that federal courts should not hear legislative reapportionment disputes. His precise words were: “To sustain this action [a declaratory judgment that the Illinois statutes apportioning congressional districts were unconstitutional] would cut very deep into the very being of Congress. Courts ought not to enter this political thicket” (p. 556). Justice...

Political Thicket

Political Thicket  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Phrase that originated in Justice Felix Frankfurter's opinion for the Court, although he spoke only for two other justices, in Colegrove v. Green (1946), in which he argued that federal ...
Fair Representation

Fair Representation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Was the phrase Chief Justice Earl Warren used to respond to Justice Felix Frankfurter's warning that courts should stay out of the political thicket of reapportionment cases. The phrase comes ...
Gray v. Sanders

Gray v. Sanders  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
372 U.S. 368 (1963), argued 17 Jan 1963, decided 18 Mar. 1963 by vote of 8 to 1; Douglas for the Court, Stewart and Clark concurring, Harlan in dissent. Concerned with inequality of voting power, ...
Reapportionment Cases

Reapportionment Cases  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Collective name of six cases argued 13 November 1963 and decided 15 June 1964: involving Alabama—Reynolds v. Sims, 377 U.S. 633 (1964), decided by vote of 8 to 1, Warren for the Court, Harlan in ...
Fair Representation

Fair Representation   Reference library

J. W. Peltason and Grant Hayden

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
265 words

...Representation was the phrase Chief Justice Earl Warren used to respond to Justice Felix Frankfurter 's warning that courts should stay out of the political thicket of reapportionment cases . The phrase comes from Reynolds v. Sims ( 1964 ), where Warren declared “fair and effective representation for all citizens” to be “the basic aim of legislative apportionment” (pp. 565–566). Although fair and effective representation in governmental bodies ( Gaffney v. Cummings , 1973 ) is a goal to be achieved under the Constitution, what it consists of...

Legislative Districting

Legislative Districting   Reference library

Kermit L. Hall

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
554 words

...be elected on the basis of population, but state legislatures, not bound by the constitutional strictures, have been apportioned according to not only population but geographic size, special interests, and political divisions such as counties or towns. In 1962 , the Court abandoned its historical reluctance to enter the political thicket of districting and ruled in Baker v. Carr that a voter could challenge legislative apportionment on the grounds that it violated the Equal Protection Clause. Two years later, in Reynolds v. Sims , the...

Gray v. Sanders

Gray v. Sanders   Reference library

Gordon E. Baker

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
298 words

...cases: “The conception of political equality from the Declaration of Independence, to Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, to the Fifteenth , Seventeenth , and Nineteenth Amendments can mean only one thing—one person, one vote” (p. 381). In dissent, Justice John M. Harlan found the record inadequate to prove invidious effects in a matter profoundly touching the barrier between federal judicial and state legislative authority. To Harlan, Gray seemed one more judicial step into the forbidden “political thicket.” See also Fair Representation ; ...

Gray v. Sanders

Gray v. Sanders   Quick reference

The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
291 words

...reapportionment cases: “The conception of political equality from the Declaration of Independence, to Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, to the Fifteenth, Seventeenth, and Nineteenth Amendments can mean only one thing—one person, one vote” (p. 381). In dissent, Justice John M. Harlan found the record inadequate to prove invidious effects in a matter profoundly touching the barrier between federal judicial and state legislative authority. To Harlan, Gray seemed one more judicial step into the forbidden “political thicket.” Gordon E....

Eden, Garden of

Eden, Garden of   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...described in Milton's Paradise Lost ( 1667 ). The poet tells of Satan who ‘to the border comes | Of Eden where delicious Paradise, | Now nearer, Crowns with her enclosure green, | As with a rural mound the champain head | Of a steep wilderness, whose hairie sides | With thicket overgrown, grottesque and wilde | Access deni'd'. Milton's Eden, with its ‘umbrageous grots’, ‘shaggie hill’, and ‘steep glade’, sounds like an early version of the more picturesque English 18th-century landscape garden. Milton, too, explicitly excludes the formalities of ‘nice...

Aesthetics

Aesthetics   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
466 words

...world was an enormous enigma or riddle , and both the author and the reader could reach a solution only through a thicket of obscurity. Because art was a demonstration of the divine plan, each phenomenon registered had its profound meaning, and each personage had his place on the moral scale. Art was didactic and interpretive, and seemingly distant events and images (including those of pagan gods) explained the fundamentals of contemporary politics and ideology. Despite this black-and-white didactic approach, the Byz. recognized the artistic pleasure that could...

‘Sleeping Beauty’

‘Sleeping Beauty’   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
909 words

...The storytellers play with the idea of halted time, describing the comic attitudes of the servants whose daily chores had been interrupted at the onset of the sleep. Although time has stopped within the castle, a briar thicket had grown around it hiding it from sight. During the 100 years, bold knights had made attempts to brave the thicket but had died in the attempt. Finally a prince was able to pass through it to the palace and to find the sleeping princess. In the early versions her discoverer rapes her, and she awakens when her baby is born. But the...

‘Sleeping Beauty’

‘Sleeping Beauty’   Reference library

Harriet Goldberg

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature
Length:
969 words
Illustration(s):
1

...The storytellers play with the idea of halted time, describing the comic attitudes of the servants whose daily chores had been interrupted at the onset of the sleep. Although time has stopped within the castle, a briar thicket had grown around it hiding it from sight. During the 100 years, bold knights had made attempts to brave the thicket but had died in the attempt. Finally a prince was able to pass through it to the palace and to find the sleeping princess. In the early versions her discoverer rapes her, and she awakens when her baby is born. But the...

Blackstone, William Thomas

Blackstone, William Thomas (1931–77)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
608 words

...“Ethics and Ecology” and other notable papers such as Pete A. Y. Gunter ’s “The Big Thicket” and Eugene P. Odum’s “Environmental Ethic and the Attitude Revolution.” Blackstone acknowledged an environmental crisis created by overpopulation, abuse of technology, ignorance of interrelationships in nature and, most of all, misguided values. Rather than focusing on factual data, he affirms a human “transvaluation of values” that “require fundamental changes in the social, political, and economic institutions…” 1974 , p. 17). These changes are grounded in the notion...

Abrams v. Johnson

Abrams v. Johnson   Quick reference

The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
672 words

...in new white districts, argued against DOJ's approach. White voters, it turned out, would select African-American candidates. Justice Stephen Breyer's dissent argued that Kennedy and the majority gave too much attention to race and, as a result, drew the Court into the political thicket of legislative reapportionment. In these matters, Breyer insisted, the justices should follow their precedents and defer to state legislators. The decision by the Georgia legislature in 1991 to create two African-American districts was a response to a host of pressures,...

Political Questions

Political Questions   Reference library

Joel B. Grossman and T. J. Donahue

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
2,736 words

...that it was unwise for courts to enter this political thicket of reapportionment and that to do so was a violation of the principles of judicial self‐restraint . Baker was a landmark decision, not only for judicializing the reapportionment issue, but also for limiting the scope of the political questions doctrine. It also became an important symbol of the Warren Court's activist philosophy. In Powell v. McCormick ( 1969 ), the Court further demonstrated its determination to narrow the political questions doctrine. In November 1966 , Adam...

Reapportionment Cases

Reapportionment Cases   Reference library

J. W. Peltason

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
845 words

...respect to state legislative apportionment than in congressional districting” (p. 578). Warren, responding to Justice John M. Harlan 's dissent and to the earlier warnings of Justice Felix Frankfurter , commented: “We are cautioned about the dangers of entering into political thickets and mathematical quagmires. Our answer is this: a denial of constitutional protected rights demands judicial protection” (p. 567). The other cases applied the doctrines of Reynolds to the facts of the involved states, except in Lucas v. Forty‐Fourth General Assembly of...

Reapportionment Cases

Reapportionment Cases   Quick reference

The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
834 words

...with respect to state legislative apportionment than in congressional districting” (p. 578). Warren, responding to Justice John M. Harlan's dissent and to the earlier warnings of Justice Felix Frankfurter , commented: “We are cautioned about the dangers of entering into political thickets and mathematical quagmires. Our answer is this: a denial of constitutional protected rights demands judicial protection” (p. 567). The other cases applied the doctrines of Reynolds to the facts of the involved states, except in Lucas v. Forty-Fourth General Assembly of...

Elections

Elections   Reference library

Stanley Ingber

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
2,225 words

...members of political or ideological groups. Initially, the Court viewed political gerrymandering as simply politics as usual. Presumably, any legislative majority will choose, among otherwise equally acceptable districting maps, the one that gives the incumbent party the best chance to retain its majority position. Courts, thus, appeared unenthused about entering the thicket of political gerrymandering that might compel judges to determine the “proper balance” between rival political parties in the legislature. Still, if one dominant political party can...

Voting and Political Participation

Voting and Political Participation   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Law
Length:
3,415 words

...century. Political boundaries, however, were not redrawn to maintain districts of roughly equal population and, as a result, the voting power of those in growing urban districts was numerically diluted while that of their rural, largely white counterparts was correspondingly concentrated. State legislatures, dominated by rural interests, refused to grant the concessions needed to achieve more equitable district sizes, and the Supreme Court was initially reluctant to intervene in what Justice Frankfurter termed the “political thicket” of legislative...

View: