Update

You are looking at 1-20 of 37 entries  for:

  • All: Pirro Ligorio x
clear all

View:

Overview

Pirro Ligorio

(c. 1513–1583). Italian architect, archaeologist, librarian, and painter, he settled in Rome in 1534 after which he explored and recorded antiquities and remains, and began to ...

Ligorio, Pirro

Ligorio, Pirro (c. 1513–83)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
133 words

...repertoire of Antique sources. In 1565 he was dismissed from his post at S. Peter's for having altered Michelangelo's designs, and moved to Ferrara, where he died. Harold Osborne / Antonia Boström Gaston, R. W. (ed.), Pirro Ligorio, Artist and Antiquarian (1988). Mandowsky, E. , and Mitchell, C. , Pirro Ligorio's ‘Roman Antiquities’ ...

Ligorio, Pirro

Ligorio, Pirro   Reference library

Gordon Campbell

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

..., Pirro ( c .1513–1583 ), Italian architect, painter, and antiquary. In 1558 he was appointed papal architect, in which capacity he designed the Villa Pia ( 1560 ), the casino of Pope Pius IV in the Vatican ; this charming casino was the first in Italy to have its own giardino segreto . Ligorio subsequently entered the service of Cardinal Ippolito II d'Este, for whom he designed the gardens of the Villa d'Este in Tivoli ( 1560–75 ), at once the most magnificent and most influential of all Italian gardens. Professor Gordon...

Ligorio, Pirro

Ligorio, Pirro   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
174 words

..., Pirro ( c. 1510–1583 ), Italian architect, garden designer, painter, archaeologist, and antiquarian. Ligorio was born in Naples, but spent most of his professional life in Rome. As a young man he excavated Hadrian's villa at Tivoli. He turned to landscape design and architecture and produced two masterpieces: the garden of the Villa d' Este in Tivoli and the casino that he built for Pius IV (the Villa Pia ) in the Vatican gardens. He was appointed as Michelangelo 's successor at St Peter's, but was quickly dismissed for changing Michelangelo's...

Ligorio, Pirro

Ligorio, Pirro   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
247 words

..., Pirro ( b Naples, c. 1513 ; d Ferrara, 26 Oct. 1583 ). Italian architect, antiquarian, draughtsman, designer, and painter, active mainly in Rome, where he settled in about 1534 . He began his career as a fresco painter, but very little remains of his activity in this field, and he is more important for his excavations and antiquarian research, which bore fruit in his Antichità di Roma ( 1553 ). In addition to this book he left a large body of manuscript writings on antiquities, now divided among several libraries in Italy and elsewhere. His best...

Ligorio, Pirro

Ligorio, Pirro (1513–1583)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
422 words

..., Pirro ( c. 1513–1583 ) Italian architect / archaeologist / librarian / painter , he settled in Rome (1534) after which he explored and recorded antiquities and remains, and began to collect material for his huge encylopedias of Classical artefacts. He brought out a volume on Roman antiquities (1553), the only publication in his lifetime disseminating his vast knowledge. In this respect, his work is an invaluable source of information on what Antique remains were known at the time. Appointed (1549) archaeologist to Cardinal Ippolito d’Este ...

Pirro Ligorio

Pirro Ligorio  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(c. 1513–1583).Italian architect, archaeologist, librarian, and painter, he settled in Rome in 1534 after which he explored and recorded antiquities and remains, and began to collect material for his ...
Pia, Villa

Pia, Villa  

A small villa with interior garden in the Vatican built in 1560 by Pirro Ligorio as a retreat for Pope Pius IV. The three-storeyed casino is one of the most ...
Vatican Gardens

Vatican Gardens  

Rome, Italy. The Vatican Gardens behind St Peter's comprise a whole complex of building and gardens from different periods, often revealing unexpected views of the great dome. Besides the lower ...
Hadrian's Villa

Hadrian's Villa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Tivoli, Italy. One of the great monuments of antiquity, the 2nd-century villa and garden complex was constructed over twenty years by the Emperor Hadrian after he became emperor in ad ...
Villa d' Este

Villa d' Este  

Two Renaissance villas are now called Villa d'Este. The villa that belonged to the Este family is at Tivoli (ancient Tibur), a hill town 30 kilometres (20 miles) east of ...
landscape architecture

landscape architecture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The design of gardens, parks, 1campuses, cemeteries, etc., to provide places that can be enjoyed, both to walk within and to view from a distance. Gardens for perambulation, spiritual succour, ...
Heron

Heron  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(fl. ad 62), mathematician and inventor, was known as ho mechanikos (‘the inventor’). The following works are associated with his name. (1) Metrica, three books, on the measurement of surfaces and ...
Este

Este  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Italian family, rulers of Ferrara, Modena, and Reggio from the late 13th century until 1598, when Ferrara was annexed by the papacy, and thereafter of Modena and Reggio until 1796, when the family ...
Donato Bramante

Donato Bramante  

Reference type:
Overview Page
or(1444–1514).The only architect of the High Renaissance (with the exception of Raphael) respected by his peers and successors as the equal of the ancients, it was he, above all, who revealed the ...
Heron of Alexandria in the Renaissance

Heron of Alexandria in the Renaissance   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
199 words

...sixteenth century the Greek texts of both treatises were published, as were translations into Latin and Italian. Pirro Ligorio read a manuscript of the Pneumatica , and constructed some of the waterworks described by Heron at Villa d' Este in Tivoli. The clearest debt to Heron at Villa d'Este is the Owl Fountain ( 1566–8 ): Heron had described a device in which flowing water was used to make birds sing and fall silent by turns, and in Ligorio's Owl Fountain a group of birds whose song was generated by the pressure of water stopped singing whenever the owl...

Este, Villa d'

Este, Villa d'   Reference library

Penelope Hobhouse

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Villa d' (Tivoli) Tivoli, Lazio, Italy. Pirro Ligorio made a new design for Ippolito d'Este, son of Alfonso I Duke of Ferrara and Lucrezia Borgia, remodelling the old Franciscan monastery and garden at Tivoli between 1551 and 1572 . The garden's supreme achievement was its skilful use of water, using hydraulic experts to contrive ingenious and spectacular fountains which still blast the mind today with a roar of rushing water, huge jets, and murmuring tinkles. Giovanni Alberi Galvani supervised the construction of masonry steps, fountains, and fish...

Coffin, David Robbins

Coffin, David Robbins (1918–2003)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
139 words

...rigorous approach to documentary sources, he did much to enhance literature dealing with Italian villas , making an early mark with his book, The Villa d’Este at Tivoli (1961—the subject of his Doctoral Dissertation at Princeton (1954), in which he wrote perceptively about Pirro Ligorio , sympathetically investigated in a subsequent biography (2004)), followed by The Villa in the Life of Renaissance Rome (1979—in which he discussed villeggiatura at length). Other volumes on the gardens of Papal Rome (1991) and on the English Garden (1994—with an emphasis...

Pia, Villa

Pia, Villa   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
195 words

...Villa , A small villa with interior garden in the Vatican built in 1560 by Pirro Ligorio as a retreat for Pope Pius IV . The three-storeyed casino is one of the most elegant surviving examples of mannerist architecture. The villa faces a small oval court, 27 metres by 18 metres (30 × 20 yards), which is surrounded by three structures independent of the main building; the four buildings are linked by a low wall fitted with seats and decorated with vases. The interior court is ornamented with stucchi modelled on ancient Roman coins, and the...

Hadrian's Villa (Villa Adriana)

Hadrian's Villa (Villa Adriana)   Reference library

Penelope Hobhouse

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Other features came from Greece and included baths, libraries, an odeum, a theatre, and dwelling houses for guests, courtiers, and soldiers, each surrounded by gardens with fountains and basins. The villa has been frequently excavated and often pillaged, especially so by Pirro Ligorio between 1550 and 1560 while he was working on the Villa d' Este for Cardinal Ippolito d'Este. More recently systematic archaeology has revealed the main features. Today pines and cypresses provide some shade and wild flowers are scattered through the meadows and ruins....

Vatican, the

Vatican, the   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
564 words

...loggie where later Raphael's pupils painted the biblical sequence known as ‘Raphael's Bible’. He also built the long ranges of buildings on the courtyard leading up to the Belvedere, which he also built in the uppermost part of the garden, and which was much altered by Pirro Ligorio and by Michelangelo , who added the grand staircase from the courtyard and placed on it the ancient bronze pine-cone which had stood as a fountain in the atrium of Old St Peter's. This huge courtyard was once used for tournaments to which the intolerant Sixtus V so objected...

View: