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Pietism

Subject: Religion

A devotional movement in the Lutheran church; also any attitude to religion stressing piety and faith rather than evidence and reason. See also fideism.

pietism

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The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
25 words

... A devotional movement in the Lutheran church; also any attitude to religion stressing piety and faith rather than evidence and reason. See also fideism...

pietism

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The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
81 words

... . Pietism, the religion of Immanuel Kant , springing from Lutheranism, influencing Wesley, and itself influenced by Calvinism and the Mennonites, emphasized conversion, salvation, and personal morality. In Pia Desiderata ( 1675 ) Philipp Jakob Spener ( 1635–1705 ) castigated corrupt conditions in the Church, and proposed various reforms. He and his followers were mocked as ‘pietists’, Spener said, by ‘those who feared through such holiness to have their own deeds put to shame’. Prof. Jack Macintosh D. Brown , Understanding Pietism (Grand Rapids,...

Pietism

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
38 words

... Influential Christian spiritual movement within Protestantism, founded in the late 17th century by a German Lutheran minister, Philipp Spener ( 1635–1705 ). Its aim was to revitalize evangelical Christianity by emphasizing spiritual rather than theological or dogmatic...

Pietism

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
247 words

...in essence deviate from Lutheran doctrine or intend to separate from the Church. Anti-establishment tendencies, sometimes with millenarian expectations, were found in the circles of ‘radical Pietism’; their relationship with the mainstream Lutheran and Reformed Pietism is debated. The more moderate form won support from a large body of pastors. A clash with the orthodox became inevitable when A. H. Francke , who had been instrumental in bringing about a revival among the students of Leipzig, attacked the Leipzig theologians. The newly founded university of...

Pietism

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Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
3,957 words

... . The term Pietism is not easy to define. From the beginning it contained various meanings for different groups. In contrast to the term “piety,” “Pietism” was coined to describe a reform movement within the Lutheran churches of Central Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that stressed personal piety and personal religious devotion over religious formality and orthodoxy. In the early period of Pietism—from 1670 , when Philipp Jakob Spener assembled the first conventicle in Frankfurt am Main, to the mid-1690s, when August Hermann...

Pietism

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
170 words

... . A movement in Protestant Christianity which reacted against too rigid a confessional orthodoxy, and emphasized good works and a holy life. It began soon after the Thirty Years War ( 1618–48 ), led by Jakob Spener ( 1635–1705 ). Invited to write a preface to a book of sermons, he wrote a short tract, Pia Desideria ( 1675 ; tr. T. G. Tappert , 1964 ), which became a kind of ‘manifesto’, laying down six ‘simple proposals’ ( einfältige Vorschläge ) for a more godly life: individual study of the Bible; the exercise of the priesthood of all believers...

Pietism

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Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
575 words

... . In a general colloquial sense, “pietism” means an exceptionally strong intensity of religious devotion. In a historical context the term “pietism” characterizes a religious reform movement that originated in the Lutheran Church in Germany in the last quarter of the seventeenth century, culminating in the first two decades of the eighteenth century and lasting, with some variations, into the nineteenth and in some regions even into the twentieth century. Philipp Jakob Spener ( 1635–1705 ) was the dominating figure in the first generation of pietists....

Pietism

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
889 words

...Church. Anti-establishment tendencies, sometimes combined with millenarian expectations and more or less unorthodox doctrines, were to be found in the circle of ‘radical Pietism’ which, in its emphasis on the work of the Holy Spirit in the hearts of men, was heir to the mystical tradition. The relationship between mainstream Lutheran and Reformed Pietism on the one hand, and radical Pietism on the other, is a subject of current research. In its more orthodox and moderate form, as initially represented by Spener , the movement quickly won support from a large...

Pietism

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Carter Lindberg

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Martin Luther

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,300 words

... Pietism, the major Protestant renewal movement in the 17th and 18th centuries, sought to bring the head into the heart, to recover an experiential-expressive faith, to continue Luther’s reform of doctrine with reform of Christian living, to complete justification by sanctification. Hence Pietism understood itself as “the Second Reformation,” as the “church always reforming.” The leading figures of Lutheran Pietism understood themselves as true followers of Luther. Johann Arndt’s True Christianity (1605–1610), one of the most influential writings of...

pietism

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
25 words

... movement for the revival of piety in the Lutheran communion; hence gen. XVII. — G. pietismus . f. L. pietās PIETY ; see -ISM . So pietist...

pietism

pietism noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
91 words
pietism

pietism noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
107 words
pietism

pietism noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
51 words
pietism

pietism noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
56 words
pietism

pietism noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
56 words
Pietism

Pietism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A devotional movement in the Lutheran church; also any attitude to religion stressing piety and faith rather than evidence and reason. See also fideism.
Blom, Piet

Blom, Piet (1934–99)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
48 words

...Piet ( 1934–99 ) Amsterdam -born architect who became one of the most important protagonists of Dutch Structuralism . He is best known for the ‘Kasbah’ housing at Hengelo ( 1965–73 ) and ’t Speelhuis centre and housing at Helmond ( 1975–8 ). E ( 1994...

Mondrian, Piet

Mondrian, Piet (1872–1944)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
90 words

...Piet ( 1872–1944 ) Dutch painter , co-founder (with Theo van Doesburg ) of De Stijl and a pioneer of abstract art . Influenced by Cubism , Mondrian developed a distinctive, geometric style, which he dubbed neo-plasticism. He founded the art magazine De Stijl in 1917 . Mondrian's art, such as Composition in Yellow and Blue ( 1925 ), informed the Bauhaus movement and the International Style in architecture. In 1940 he moved to the USA where his pieces, such as Broadway Boogie-Woogie ( 1942–43 ), became more colourful, reflecting his...

Piet Retief

Piet Retief (Mpumalanga/South Africa)   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Piet Retief , Mpumalanga/South Africa Founded in 1882 and named after Pieter Retief ( 1780–1838 ), a leader of the Great Trek in 1837 when a group of Boers, the Voortrekkers as they became known, left British rule in Cape Colony and moved north into the unknown. A group, led by Retief, broke away and crossed the Drakensberg Mountains into Natal. While negotiating a land grant in 1838 , Retief and his party were slaughtered on the orders of the Zulu chief Dingane. See pietermaritzburg ....

Mondrian, Piet

Mondrian, Piet (1872–1944)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
403 words

...his exposition Le Néo-plasticisme ( 1920 ), and an important essay Jazz and Neo-plasticism ( 1927 ). His collected writings Piet Mondrian: Plastic Art and Pure Plastic Art were published posthumously ( 1987 ). Besides greatly influencing the New York School , and artists like Ben Nicholson and Max Bill , his impact was felt throughout 1930s modern design and architecture. Yvonne Jones Joosten, J. , and Welsh, R. , Piet Mondrian: A Catalogue Raisonné ...

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