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Pierre Viret

(1511–71), French Protestant reformer, born in Orbe (Vaud, which was then independent of the Swiss Confederation) and educated in Paris, where he became a Protestant. On ...

Viret, Pierre

Viret, Pierre (1511–71)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
249 words

...1866–97), passim . J. Barnaud (ed.), Quelques Lettres inédites de Pierre Viret (1911). Pierre Viret d'après lui-même: Pages extraites des œuvres du réformateur à l'occasion du 4 e centenaire de sa naissance (Lausanne, 1912). Quatre Sermons français sur Esaïe 65 (mars 1559) , ed. H. Meylan (Publications de la Faculté de Théologie, Université de Lausanne, 3; 1961); L'Interim fait par dialogues , ed. G. R. Mermier (Berne and New York, 1985). J. Barnaud , Pierre Viret: Sa vie et son œuvre (1911), with bibl. of his writings, 677–96. Other studies...

Viret, Pierre

Viret, Pierre (1511–71)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
104 words

..., Pierre ( 1511–71 ). Peripatetic Reformer , friend of Calvin and often a moderating influence upon him. Viret was chief pastor of the congregation at Lausanne for 23 years and also conducted important ministries at Nîmes and Lyon; he spent his last years teaching in Béarn under the protection of Jeanne d'Albret . A prolific writer of satires and dialogues in French, Viret used a simple, direct, and often sardonic style to persuade both his opponents, in apologetic works such as L'Interim ( 1565 ), and his co‐religionists, in exhortations such as the ...

Viret, Pierre

Viret, Pierre   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
194 words

...and Lyon. He eventually settled in Béarn under the protection of Jeanne d'Albret . Viret's writings included satires, dialogues, exhortations to the faithful ( Remonstrances aux fidèles , 1547 ), excoriations of opponents ( L'Interim , 1565 ), and a popular version of the theology of Calvin's Institutes , the Instruction chrétienne ( 1564 ). Jean Barnaud , Pierre Viret: Sa Vie et son œuvre (1511–1571) (1911); R. D. Linder , The Political Ideas of Pierre Viret ...

Viret, Pierre

Viret, Pierre (1511–1571)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,060 words

...tyranny. Primary Sources Viret, Pierre . Instruction chrestienne . 2 vols. Geneva, 1564. Viret's major work, containing a mature expression of many of his theological and political ideas. ——. Quelques lettres inedites de Pierre Viret . Saint-Amas, 1911. Secondary Sources Barnaud, Jean . Pierre viret, sa vie et son oeuvre (1911). Reprint, Nieuwkoop, 1973. Best, most complete biography of Viret available. Linder, Robert D. The Political Ideas of Pierre Viret . Geneva, 1964. Contains the most recent assessment of Viret's importance and the most...

Viret, Pierre

Viret, Pierre (1511–71)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
68 words

..., Pierre ( 1511–71 ), Reformer of W. Switzerland. He was ordained by G. Farel in 1531 and helped him establish the Reformation in Geneva and in Canton Vaud. He was in charge of the Lausanne Church from 1537 to 1559 , when he was expelled because of a quarrel over Church discipline. He later played a leading part in the affairs of the French Reformed...

Pierre Viret

Pierre Viret  

(1511–71),French Protestant reformer, born in Orbe (Vaud, which was then independent of the Swiss Confederation) and educated in Paris, where he became a Protestant. On returning to Orbe in ...
Guillaume Farel

Guillaume Farel  

(1489–1565), Reformer. He came under the influence of J. Faber (Stapulensis) and adopted Protestantism in the early 1520s. He prepared the first Protestant liturgy in French and in 1529 published his ...
Geneva

Geneva  

A city in Switzerland, noted in the 17th century for its Protestantism.Geneva bands two white cloth strips attached to the collar of some Protestants' clerical dress, as originally worn by Calvinists ...
Lyon

Lyon  

At a convergence of land and water routes, Lyons was a commercial centre from ancient times. Originally in the kingdom of Burgundy, it became part of the (Holy) Roman Empire ...
Switzerland

Switzerland  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Switzerland has now joined the UN, but still hesitates about the European UnionSwitzerland is one of Europe's most mountainous countries. More than two-thirds of its territory, to the south and east, ...
Lausanne

Lausanne   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
852 words

...had triumphed, and—without risking a popular vote as elsewhere in French-speaking Switzerland—they issued an edict on 19 October 1536 abolishing the Mass and instituting Reformed preaching and forms of worship. Pierre Caroli was installed as first pastor of Lausanne, with Pierre Viret as his deputy. When Caroli was dismissed in 1537 , Viret became the chief pastor. If the 337 priests summoned to the disputation were now to be replaced, the Bernese authorities had a new problem: there were only fourteen preachers for the whole of the huge territory of the...

Farel, Guillaume

Farel, Guillaume   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
143 words

...by Bishop Guillaume Briçonnet . In 1524 he was obliged to flee, and settled in Basel, where his attacks on Erasmus led to his expulsion. He subsequently lived in Neuchâtel ( 1530 ), where he introduced the Reformation, and then moved to Geneva, where, together with Pierre Viret , he persuaded John Calvin to settle. When Farel and Calvin were forced to leave Geneva in 1538 , Farel returned to Neuchâtel, where he implemented the Reformation on the Genevan model. In 1549 he contributed to the Zürich agreement known as the Consensus Tigurinus....

Salvard, Jean-François

Salvard, Jean-François (1585)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
572 words

...1564 , Salvard returned to Geneva, where, in November, he was asked to join the Compagnie des Pasteurs. On the grounds that if he accepted their invitation, his Roman Catholic father would be even more enraged, Salvard asked to be excused and shortly thereafter joined Pierre Viret in Lyon. Viret was expelled the following year, while Salvard was enjoined not to exercise his ministry. By 1568 Salvard was driven out of Lyon by the Wars of Religion and took refuge at Lausanne. In 1571 he was sent to the French church at Frankfurt am Main. This pastorate was...

Toussain, Pierre

Toussain, Pierre (1499–1573)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
828 words

...George had persevered in the Reformed tradition as practiced in Montbéliard and until his death in 1558 supported Toussain. But new problems arose when a theological dispute over predestination distanced Toussain and the Montbéliard clergy from their French Swiss allies, Pierre Viret , Farel, and Calvin. Opposed to capital punishment for heretics, the Montbéliard clergy had also sided with Sébastien Castellion against Calvin and Farel over the Michael Servetus affair. Farel broke with Toussain, but Calvin, while disapproving of Toussain's views,...

Farel, Guillaume

Farel, Guillaume (1489–1565)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,221 words

...the first French Reformed liturgy ( Maniere et fasson , 1528 ?). He had a remarkable gift for recruiting the right helper for the right place: he installed the first printer devoted to the Reformation cause in Neuchâtel, (Pierre de Wingle) in 1533 and the first Reformed printer in Geneva (Jean Girard), in 1536 . He persuaded Pierre Viret and Calvin to become pastors, in 1531 and 1536 , respectively. He is the true father of the French Reformation. Farel was a preacher of deep spirituality and passionate eloquence, though none of his sermons survive. He...

Morély, Jean

Morély, Jean (1524?–1594)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,066 words

...to Protestantism in about 1545 and went to Zurich to continue his studies. In 1549 he accompanied two young Swiss nobles as a preceptor to Wittenberg, where he met Melanchthon. He then moved to Paris and from there to Lausanne in the middle of 1550 . His friendship with Pierre Viret and with Calvin, who became his first son's godfather, dates from that time. He acquired the status of an inhabitant of Geneva in February 1554 . He stayed in Geneva, with interruptions, until 1563 . In following years he became involved in various political and diplomatic...

Lyon

Lyon   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,796 words

...and retaliation against the Protestants. In 1565 , for example, a Huguenot attack on a traditional Catholic festival provoked a riot; in the aftermath, three Protestant ministers were expelled, including the chief pastor of the Reformed church in Lyon, the popular preacher Pierre Viret . Worst of all for the Protestants was an appalling massacre in 1572 . Committed with the complicity of the city council and perhaps even the royal governor, it repeated, after a delay of several days, the tragic events of the Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre in Paris. Faced...

Bolsec, Jérome

Bolsec, Jérome (1524–1584)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
777 words

...of a pretemporal double decree. Bolsec was imprisoned and put on trial for heresy. The Council of Geneva sent letters to the other Reformed churches asking their opinions on the matter. While the replies from Guillaume Farel at Neuchâtel and from Théodore de Bèze and Pierre Viret at Lausanne were predictably supportive of Calvin, the letters from the churches of Bern, Basel, and Zurich called for moderation and reconciliation. These churches were generally more favorable to Bolsec than to Calvin, and none of them was totally supportive of Calvin. The...

Bèze, Théodore De

Bèze, Théodore De (1516–1605)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
2,273 words

...in 1548 he fled to Geneva. As a result, he was condemned by the Parlement of Paris and burned in effigy in the Place Maubert in 1550 . Accompanying Bèze was Claudine Denosse, whom he had secretly married. When he found no openings in Geneva, Bèze responded to a call from Pierre Viret to teach Greek at the Lausanne academy, where he later served as rector. In 1557 Calvin called Bèze to Geneva to be the first rector of the new academy there. Bèze also joined the Genevan clergy and at Calvin's death in 1564 was elected moderator of the venerable...

Béarn

Béarn   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,729 words

...from Béarn.” From Paris, Jeanne of Navarre published new ordonnances ( July 1566 ) particularly relating to public morality and the conferral of benefices. During these years ( 1564–1567 ) the academy of Orthez took shape; from time to time its headquarters were at Lescar. Pierre Viret , who had been pastor at Pau since 1567 , contributed significantly to the life of the academy in 1571 . Three years of protests against these decisions followed, leading to rebellion and then war. Then, under the command of Terride at the request of Charles IX , Catholic...

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