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Peter Nolasco

Subject: Religion

(c.1182–1256), founder of the Mercedarian Order. Much uncertainty surrounds the details of his life owing to legends and spurious documents. He was born in Barcelona of a ...

Peter Nolasco

Peter Nolasco (c.1180–1249)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
113 words

... Nolasco ( c. 1180–1249 ) The few sources we have about St Peter Nolasco , founder of the Mercedarians , leave many uncertainties hanging over his life. Born to a rich family of merchants , probably in the region of Castelnaudary – though several scholars give him Catalonian origins – he followed his parents very young to Barcelona . There, in 1223 , advised by Raymond of Peñafort and supported by King Jaime I , he founded an order vowed to the ransom of Christian slaves in Islamic lands. He himself directed several redemptions of captives at ...

Peter Nolasco

Peter Nolasco   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
154 words

... Nolasco ( c. 1182–1256 ), founder of the Mercedarian Order. Much uncertainty surrounds the details of his life owing to legends and spurious documents. He was born in Barcelona of a merchant family. He became procurator of Raymond of Pennafort 's lay confraternity for ransoming slaves from the Moors. This became the Mercedarian Order in 1234 , following the Rule of St Augustine and approved by Gregory IX in 1235 . Peter was its Master-General until 1249 . During a visit to Valencia and Granada it is claimed that he redeemed 400 Christians. His...

Peter Nolasco, St

Peter Nolasco, St (c.1180–c.1249)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
75 words

... Nolasco, St ( c. 1180– c. 1249 ), founder of the Mercedarian Order . He was probably engaged in the work of ransoming captives by the mid-1220s. The focus of this work was Catalonia. When others associated themselves with his activities, the Mercedarian Order began to take shape. The date of his death is disputed, but he was no longer head of the Order after 1245 . Feast day, 28 (formerly 31) Jan., now...

Peter Nolasco, St

Peter Nolasco, St (1180–c. 1249)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
210 words

...Peter Nolasco, St ( c. 1180– c. 1249 ) , founder of the Mercedarian Order. The hagiographical tradition, according to which he took part in the Crusade against the Albigensians and later achieved remarkable feats in ransoming captives, has been largely exploded by historians, leaving little that can be confidently asserted about his life. Even the authenticity of crucial documents is contested. He was prob. engaged in his life's work of ransoming captives by the mid-1220s, if not earlier. The focus of this work was Catalonia, but he was possibly of...

Peter Nolasco

Peter Nolasco  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.1182–1256),founder of the Mercedarian Order. Much uncertainty surrounds the details of his life owing to legends and spurious documents. He was born in Barcelona of a merchant family. He became ...
Mercedarians

Mercedarians  

A religious order of men founded by St Peter Nolasco to assist in ransoming Christians captured by the Moors; it was confirmed by Gregory IX in 1235. Its main work was collecting alms and raising ...
articles of faith

articles of faith  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(ikkarim, Heb., ‘roots’).Formulations of Jewish belief. These are not as important as are creeds in Christianity, since every person born of a Jewish mother is automatically a Jew irrespective ...
St Raymond Nonnatus

St Raymond Nonnatus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.1204–40), Mercedarian missioner. He appears to have been sent to N. Africa, redeemed many slaves, and when his funds were exhausted gave himself up in ransom; for some years he lived among the ...
Mercedarians

Mercedarians   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
73 words

.... A religious order of men founded by St Peter Nolasco to assist in ransoming Christians captured by the Moors; it was confirmed by Gregory IX in 1235 . Its main work was collecting alms and raising money from its own properties for ransoming captives, but its members also travelled in Muslim lands to negotiate the release of Christians. Since the 19th cent. the Order has undertaken educational, charitable, and missionary...

Raymund Nonnatus

Raymund Nonnatus   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
168 words

... and cardinal . Everything known of him depends on late and not very reliable sources. According to these he was extracted from his mother's womb just after she had died (whence the name Nonnatus or ‘not born’) at Portello (Catalonia). He joined the Mercedarian Order under Peter Nolasco at Barcelona. He was sent to Algeria where he redeemed many slaves and offered himself as a ransom for others' liberation. He obtained some success in the difficult task of converting Moslems to Christianity and was captured, but then freed from prison. In 1239 he returned...

Mercedarians

Mercedarians   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
289 words

...are said to have been founded by S. Peter Nolasco c . 1220 /5, and their Rule was written by the jurist S. Raymond de Penafort. They spread rapidly through Europe, and some Mercedarian friars accompanied Columbus on his voyages of discovery, and stayed to found houses in Latin America. An Order of Mercedarian nuns was founded in Seville in 1568 , but both Orders have declined in modern times, and though the fourth vow is still taken, the Order is now devoted to the care of the sick. Little is known of S. Peter Nolasco's life ( 1189–1256 ), but a late...

Raymond Nonnatus, St

Raymond Nonnatus, St (1204–40)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
216 words

...later. Acc. to these he came into the world after his mother had died in labour (hence ‘non natus’, not born) at Portello in Catalonia. After a most pious childhood, he was given leave by his father to join the Mercedarians, to whom he was admitted at Barcelona by St Peter Nolasco . Sent to N. Africa, he redeemed many slaves at Algiers and, when his funds were exhausted, gave himself up in ransom and for some years lived among the Muslims, converting many to the Christian faith. His trials are said to have culminated in an eight months' imprisonment,...

Mercedarians

Mercedarians   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
521 words

...The foundation of the Order of Mercy came a quarter of a century after that of the other great movement created with the design of ransoming captives among the Muslims, the Order of Trinitarians : it was in 1223 that Peter Nolasco , with the advice of Raymond of Peñafort and the support of King Jaime I of Aragon , instituted at Barcelona a lay confraternity dedicated to the works of mercy and the liberation of Christian slaves. Priests would gradually be added, to constitute at the end of some years a veritable religious order , endowed...

Zurbarán, Francisco de

Zurbarán, Francisco de (1598–1664)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
454 words

...set off from their dark backgrounds by brilliant light ( Crucified Christ , 1627 ; Chicago, Art Inst.). Another important early commission was the series painted for the Merced Calzada ( 1629–30 ), which involved narrative scenes with simple compositions ( Vision of S. Peter Nolasco ; Madrid, Prado), and single, sculpturesque figures ( Fray Francisco Zumel ; Madrid, Academia de S. Fernando). In 1629 , Zurbarán was invited to establish his residence in Seville by its city council, and his first work there was part of a cycle dedicated to S. Bonaventura,...

Mercedarians

Mercedarians   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
415 words

...Mercedarians . A religious order of men, dedicated to Our Lady of Ransom (Nuestra Señora de la Merced), which was founded in the 13th cent. by St Peter Nolasco to assist in the ransoming of Christians captured by the Moors. The exact date of its foundation is uncertain, but it was confirmed by Gregory IX in 1235 . Its first base was in Barcelona, but it spread fairly rapidly throughout most of the Iberian peninsula and then into Italy. Later it was also very strong in Latin America. At first it was almost entirely lay, but it soon began attracting...

Spanish art as objects of patronage and collecting

Spanish art as objects of patronage and collecting   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
7,170 words

...María Luisa , as well as two outstanding works by El Greco, the Portrait of a Cardinal and Landscape of Toledo . In like manner, museums across the country benefited from the generosity of American collectors. In 1917 the Cincinnati Art Museum was given Zurbarán 's S. Peter Nolasco Recovering the Image of the Virgin and, in 1927 , Mrs Mary M. Emery donated Murillo's S. Thomas of Villanueva as a Child Dividing his Clothes among Beggar Boys and Velázquez's Portrait of Philip IV . The S. Thomas had once belonged to Lord Ashburton : like so many...

Nolasco

Nolasco   Quick reference

A Dictionary of First Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
40 words

... ♂ (Italian) Name adopted in honour of St Peter Nolasco ( c. 1189–1258 ), who founded the order of Our Lady of Ransom with the purpose of obtaining the release of Christians captured by the Moors during the...

Nolasco

Nolasco (628)   Reference library

Dictionary of American Family Names

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
99 words

... (628) Portuguese and Spanish: from the personal name Nolasco , derived from the name of Petrus Nolascus (Saint Peter of Nolasco), who was born in Carcassone in 1189 and died in Barcelona in 1256 , where he was co-founder and leader of the order of S. Maria della Mercede ‘Our Lady of Ransom’, known in English as the Mercedarians. given names Spanish 52%; Italian 6%. Jose (15), Manuel (8), Carlos (7), Juan (7), Mario (6), Pedro (6), Fernando (5), Jesus (5), Julio (5), Ramon (5), Miguel (4), Alfredo (3); Antonio (6), ...

Nolasco

Nolasco   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
88 words

... • Current frequencies: GB 39, Ireland 1 • GB frequency 1881: 0 Spanish, Portuguese : relationship name from the Spanish and Portuguese personal name Nolasco , derived from the name of Petrus Nolascus (Saint Peter of Nolasco), who was born in Carcassone in 1189 and died in Barcelona in 1256, where he was co-founder and leader of the order of Santa Maria della Mercede ‘Our Lady of Ransom’, known in English as the Mercedarians. Further information: This name is rare in Britain but is thriving in the...

José Vasconcelos, National Education, and Revolutionary Culture in Mexico

José Vasconcelos, National Education, and Revolutionary Culture in Mexico   Reference library

William H. Beezley

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
11,372 words

...1992); Arturo Warman , “Todos santos y todos difuntos,” De eso que llaman antropologia mexicana (Mexico, 1970), 36; Guillermo Bonfil , “Del indigenismo de la revoluci6n a la antropologia critica,” De eso que llaman antropologia mexicana (Mexico, 1970), 43–46; Margarita Nolasco Armas , “La antropologia aplicada en Mexico y su destino final: el indigenismo,” De eso que llaman antropologia mexicana (Mexico, I970); Florencia Mallon , Peasant and Nation: The Making of Postcolonial Mexico and Peru (Berkeley, 1995); Guillermo Palacios ,...

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