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Pepin

Subject: History

(c. 714–68), known as Pepin the Short, son of Charles Martel and father of Charlemagne; he became the first king of the Frankish Carolingian dynasty on the deposition of the ...

Pepin

Pepin   Reference library

Concise Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
8 words

... 1881: 95; Bucks. Norman, English: see Peppin...

Pepin

Pepin   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... or Pippin the Short (French Pépin le Bref ) Pepin III ( c. 715–768 ), illegitimate son of Charles martel , mayor of the palace , father of charlemagne and founder of the carolingian dynasty of French kings. He deposed the last of the merovingians , Childeric III , in 751 and reigned as king of the franks . Most of his reign was spent in war against the Saxons and the Saracens. Donation of Pepin, The See under donation...

Pepin

Pepin   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
124 words

... Three Frankish ‘mayors of the palace’ under Merovingian rule who gave rise to the Carolingian dynasty. Pepin I of Landen was mayor of Austrasia, and his son Pepin II of both Austrasia and Neustria, the two most important parts of the Merovingian kingdom. Pepin III, the Short, was the grandson of the latter and son of Charles Martel . He ousted the last Merovingian, Childeric III, in 751 and was crowned King of the Franks. A close ally of the papacy, he defended it from Lombard attacks and made the Donation of Pepin which was the basis for the Papal...

Pepin

Pepin   Reference library

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
180 words

... US frequency (2010): 4731 1 French ( Pépin ) and English: from the ancient Germanic personal name Pipin , of uncertain, probably onomatopoeic origin. The name was borne by several Frankish kings, most notably Pepin le Bref, father of Charlemagne, and remained popular throughout the early Middle Ages. Compare Peppin and Pippen . 2 English: from the unrecorded Anglo-Norman French and Middle English personal names Pipin , Pepin , Pipun , pet forms of Philip . Compare Pipe . 3 English: perhaps also nickname from Anglo-Norman French pepin(e) ,...

Pépin, Jacques

Pépin, Jacques   Reference library

Scott Warner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...World War II. At the age of thirteen, Pépin left the family business to embark on a formal apprenticeship at the Grand Hotel de L’Europe in the gastronomically rich city of Lyon. Still in his teens, Pépin moved to Paris to work at the Meurice and then the Hôtel Plaza-Athénée, under renowned chef Lucien Diat. Pépin was assigned to serve as personal chef to three French heads of state, the last being Charles de Gaulle . Eager to expand his knowledge, Pépin immigrated to New York in 1959 , speaking no English. Pépin was welcomed by Chef Pierre Franey into...

Pépin, Clermont

Pépin, Clermont (1926)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
43 words

..., Clermont ( b St Georges de Beauce , 1926 ; d Montreal , 2006 ) Canadian composer . Teacher of comp., Montreal Cons. 1955–64 , dir. 1967–72 . Works incl. 5 syms.; 2 pf concs.; 5 str qts; sym.‐poem Guernica ; ballets The Gates of Hell and The Phoenix...

Pépin, Jacques

Pépin, Jacques   Reference library

Scott Warner

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...gastronomically rich city of Lyon after World War II. At the age of thirteen, Pépin left the family business to embark on a formal apprenticeship at the Grand Hotel de L’Europe in his hometown of Bourg-en-Bresse. Still in his teens, Pépin moved to Paris to work at the Meurice and then the Plaza-Athénée, under renowned chef Lucien Diat. Pépin was assigned to serve as personal chef to three French heads of state, the last being Charles de Gaulle. Eager to expand his knowledge, Pépin immigrated to New York in 1959 , speaking no English, and intending to stay for...

Pépin the Short

Pépin the Short (714–768)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... the Short (c. 714–768 ), Mayor of the Palace ( 741–751 ) and King of the Franks (r. 751–768 ). Regarding his numerous victories, there can be no doubt that Pépin, one of the sons of Charles Martel (d. 741 ), inherited the outstanding military abilities of his father. Like Charles, Pépin was almost always engaged militarily; there was practically no year without an expedition against his enemies. In the West, his enemy was the Hunoald, Duke of Aquitaine. In the spring of 742 , in the beginning of his rule, Pépin initiated an expedition together with...

Pepin III (the Short)

Pepin III (the Short) (c.714–68)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
60 words

... III (the Short) ( c. 714–68 ) First Carolingian king of the Franks ( 750–68 ). In 750 , he deposed the last Merovingian king, Childeric III , and defeated the Lombards in 754 and 756 . He ceded the conquered territories (the future Papal States ) to the papacy in what was known as the Donation of Pepin . He was suceeded by his son Charlemagne...

Jean Pépin de Huy

Jean Pépin de Huy (fl1311–29)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...by Bernard de Montfaucon ( Les Monumens de la monarchie française , 5 vols, Paris, 1729–33 ) but shows affinities to Pepin’s early work. The head of a female effigy (Arras, Mus. B.-A.) is presumably later. The tombs of Philip IV ( d 1314 ) and his sons Louis X ( d 1316 ), Philip V ( d 1322 ), and Charles IV ( d 1328 ) in Saint-Denis Abbey, dating from 1327–9 , may also derive from Jean Pépin’s workshop. Jean Pépin de Huy was the first Netherlandish sculptor of significance to be resident in Paris during the 14th century. His work almost...

Pepin (or Pippin) III

Pepin (or Pippin) III (714–68)   Reference library

Renie Choy

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
539 words

... (or Pippin) III (‘Pepin the Short’) ( 714–68 ) Frankish king . The son of Charles Martel , he was educated by the monks of St-Denis , near Paris , and with his brother Carloman, succeeded to his father’s office as mayor of the palace of the Frankish kingdom in 741. In 747 Carloman retired into a monastery, leaving Pepin sole ruler. With the alleged assent of Pope Zacharias he was elected king by the Frankish magnates in 751 in place of the purely nominal Merovingian king, Childeric III, and anointed by Frankish bps. In 754 the ceremony was...

Pepin (or more correctly Pippin) III

Pepin (or more correctly Pippin) III (714–68)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
159 words

... (or more correctly Pippin) III ( 714–68 ), Frankish king . A son of Charles Martel , he succeeded to his father's office as Mayor of the Palace of the Frankish kingdom. With the alleged assent of Pope Zacharias , he was elected king by the Frankish magnates in 751 in place of the nominal Merovingian king and anointed by Frankish bishops. In 754 the ceremony was repeated by Stephen II (III), for whom Pepin promised to win back the exarchate of Ravenna and the rights and territories of the Roman republic. Having defeated the Lombards in 754 and...

Pepin

Pepin   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... ( c. 714–68 ), known as Pepin the Short , son of Charles Martel and father of Charlemagne; he became the first king of the Frankish Carolingian dynasty on the deposition of the Merovingian Childeric III . ( See also Donation of Pepin...

Pepin

Pepin   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
29 words

... • Current frequencies: GB 91, Ireland 2 • GB frequency 1881: 95 • Main GB location 1881: Bucks Norman, English : see Peppin . Pepin, 1881 frequency. © Archer...

pépin

pépin nm   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford-Hachette French Dictionary: French-English (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
16 words
Pepin / ~’s

Pepin / ~’s n   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Original Shakespearean Pronunciation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Pepin / ~’s n 'pepɪn / -z sp Pepin 2 , Pippen 1 , Pippin 1 / Pepins 1 ...

Pepin III

Pepin III   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
54 words
Pepin

Pepin  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(c. 714–68),known as Pepin the Short, son of Charles Martel and father of Charlemagne; he became the first king of the Frankish Carolingian dynasty on the deposition of the Merovingian Childeric III. ...
Pepin the Short

Pepin the Short   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
50 words
Clermont Pépin

Clermont Pépin  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b St Georges de Beauce, 1926; d Montreal, 2006).Canadian composer. Teacher of comp., Montreal Cons. 1955–64, dir. 1967–72. Works incl. 5 syms.; 2 pf. concs.; 5 str. qts.; sym.‐poem Guernica; ballets ...

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