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Pearl Harbor

A harbour on the Pacific island of Oahu, in Hawaii, the site of a major US naval base, where a surprise attack on 7 December 1941 by Japanese carrier-borne aircraft, inflicted heavy damage ...

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor (Hawaii/USA)   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Pearl Harbor , Hawaii/USA ( Wai Momi ) The present name is merely a translation of the earlier Hawaiian name meaning ‘Pearl Waters’, a reference to the pearl oysters that grew...

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
43 words

... Harbor A harbour on the Pacific island of Oahu, in Hawaii, the site of a major US naval base, where a surprise attack on 7 December 1941 by Japanese carrier-borne aircraft, inflicted heavy damage and brought the USA into World War...

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor ([Hist.])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
76 words

... Harbor [Hist.] A harbour on the island of Oahu, in Hawaii, which was the site of a US naval base. A surprise attack on 7 December 1941 by Japanese aircraft inflicted heavy losses on the Americans and brought the USA into the Second World War. > A sudden and unexpected attack An American attack on Iraq would not be the equivalent of Pearl Harbor, as claimed by a Canadian MP, Bonnie Brown. Guardian Unlimited ...

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
56 words

... Harbor US naval base in Hawaii. On December 7, 1941 , a Japanese naval taskforce, which approached within range of the islands unobserved, attacked Pearl Harbor, headquarters of the US Pacific fleet. The Japanese assault killed c .2,400 people and destroyed or damaged c .300 aircraft and 18 ships. The attack provoked US entry into World War 2...

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
86 words

...Pearl Harbor A major US naval base on the island of Oahu in Hawaii. A surprise attack by Japanese carrier-borne aircraft on 7 December 1941 , delivered without a prior declaration of war, brought the USA into World War II . A total of 188 US aircraft were destroyed, eight battleships and eleven other navy vessels were sunk or damaged. The attack was a strategic failure, however, because the crucial element of the US Pacific fleet, its aircraft carriers, were out of the harbour on that...

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
683 words
Illustration(s):
1

... 1942 ). The attack on Pearl Harbor was a strategic blunder by the Japanese; while they triumphed through much of the next twelve months, the mobilization of American and Allied resources quickly transformed the struggle into a defensive war for the Japanese. Pearl Harbor. Smoke rolling out of the USS West Virginia ; the USS Tennessee is in the background. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress [ See also World War II . ] Bibliography Johnson, William Bruce . The U.S. Pacific Campaign in World War II: From Pearl Harbor to Guadalcanal . New...

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Harbor a surprise Japanese attack on the U.S. Navy's base at Pearl Harbor and on Oahu in the Hawaiian Islands on December 7, 1941 . It destroyed much of the American Pacific Fleet and brought the United States into World War II . The attack followed the decision of the Japanese government that Franklin D. Roosevelt 's administration would not abandon China and Southeast Asia to the Japanese military nor continue to supply Tokyo with vital materials. Early Sunday morning, December 7, Japanese aircraft launched an assault that destroyed or disabled...

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor (1941)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... Harbor ( 1941 ). The attack on Pearl Harbor of 7 December 1941 was at one level simply a repeat of the Sunday surprise attack with which the Japanese navy opened the Russo-Japanese war . It was intended to cripple the US Pacific Fleet at its base in Oahu, Hawaiian islands, and thus give Japan an early advantage in the Pacific campaign of WW II. The attack was ordered by Tojo and planned by Yamamoto when it became evident that negotiations between Japan and the USA, focusing on Japan's activities in China, were proving fruitless. A task force...

Pearl Harbor National Monument

Pearl Harbor National Monument   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... Harbor National Monument . Located at the Pearl Harbor Naval Base at Oahu, Hawaii, the overturned hull of the sunken battleship USS Arizona is one of the most important American memorials to World War II in the Pacific. On 7 December 1941 , in the attack on Pearl Harbor , Japanese bombers sank the 1912 battleship with a direct hit on its forward ammunition magazine. Within minutes, the ship rolled over and sank in the shallow harbor; many of the crew were entombed in the wreckage. In 1949 , the Hawaiian territorial government's Pacific War Memorial...

Pearl Harbor, Attack on

Pearl Harbor, Attack on   Reference library

James C. Bradford

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
607 words

...Pearl Harbor, Attack on ( 7 December 1941 ). U.S.-Japanese relations, often tense after 1900 , worsened as the United States extended assistance to China following Japan's 1937 invasion of that nation and imposed economic sanctions, including a ban on U.S. aviation fuel, steel, and scrap metal exports to Japan. Hoping to deter further Japanese expansion, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt ordered the Pacific Fleet to remain forwardly deployed at Pearl Harbor in Oahu, Hawai'i , after its 1940 maneuvers. Viewing war as inevitable, Admiral Isoruku...

Pearl Harbor, Attack on

Pearl Harbor, Attack on (1941)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Wray , eds., Pearl Harbor Reexamined: Prologue to the Pacific War , 1990. Gordon W. Prange , with Donald Goldstein and Katherine V. Dillon , At Dawn We Slept: The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor , 1991. Gordon W. Prange , with Donald Goldstein and Katherine V. Dillon , Pearl Harbor: The Verdict of History , 1991. Henry C. Clausen and Bruce Lee , Pearl Harbor: Final Judgment , 1992. Donald Goldstein and Katherine V. Dillon , The Pearl Harbor Papers , 1993. Edward L. Beach , Scapegoats: A Defense of Kimmel and Short at Pearl Harbor , 1995. Donald...

Pearl Harbor, attack on

Pearl Harbor, attack on   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...but all record of it subsequently disappeared. See also Pacific war . Beach, E. L. , Scapegoats: A Defense of Kimmel and Short at Pearl Harbor (Annapolis, 1995). Prange, W. , At Dawn We Slept (New York, 1981). Stinnett, R. , Day of Deceit: The Truth about FDR and Pearl Harbor (New York, 2000). Wilford, T. , Pearl Harbor Redefined: US Radio Intelligence in 1941 (Lanham, MD, 2001). Wohlstetter, R. , Pearl Harbor—Warning and Decision (Stanford, Calif.,...

Pearl Harbor, Attack on

Pearl Harbor, Attack on   Reference library

Donald M. Goldstein and Timothy J. Lynch

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Scapegoats: A Defense of Kimmel and Short at Pearl Harbor . Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1995. Clausen, Henry C. , and Bruce Lee . Pearl Harbor: Final Judgment . New York: Crown, 1992. Congressional Record . U.S. Congress, Hearings and Reports. Vols. 87–104, 1941–1958. Couroy, Hilary , and Harry Wray , eds. Pearl Harbor Reexamined: Prologue to the Pacific War . Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1990. Farago, Ladislas . The Broken Seal . New York: Random House, 1967. Gillo, Steven M. Pearl Harbor: FDR Leads the Nation into War . New York:...

Pearl Harbor, Attack on

Pearl Harbor, Attack on   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
2,244 words
Illustration(s):
1

...2001. Prange, Gordon W. At Dawn We Slept: The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor . New York: Penguin, 1981. A highly readable account. Willmott, H. P. Empires in the Balance: Japanese and Allied Pacific Strategies to April 1942 . Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1982. Willmott, H. P. , with Tohmatsu Haruo and W. Spencer Johnson . Pearl Harbor. London: Cassell, 2001. Probably the most valuable English-language work on Pearl Harbor published to date. Wohlstetter, Roberta . Pearl Harbor: Warning and Decision . Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University...

Pearl Harbor National Historic Landmark

Pearl Harbor National Historic Landmark   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Harbor National Historic Landmark a landmark located on the island of Maui in the state of Hawaii. It contains the remains of the USS Utah and the aircraft lost when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor...

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor v.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
32 words

... Harbor v. [the Japanese attack on the US fleet in Pearl Harbor, 6/12/1941 ] to make a surprise attack. 1978 R. Caron Go-Boy! 83: The dirty, double-dealing rat had Pearl Harbored...

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
81 words

... Harbor n. [play on Nip n. (1), i.e. there's a nasty ‘nip’ in the air] cold weather. 2000 personal correspondence: Pearl Harbour [sic] – cold (weather). This is one I have heard from a fair few people recently. An example of it would be – ‘It's a bit Pearl Harbour out there!’. Meaning – there's a nasty ‘nip’ in the air! This comes from the well known surprise attack by Japanese planes on the American port in Hawaii in 1941 (history lesson...

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... Harbor . The US naval base at this harbour on Oahu Island, Hawaii, was the object of a surprise air attack by the Japanese on 7 December 1941 . Much of the US Pacific Fleet was damaged or destroyed, including the USS Arizona , which sank with the loss of more than 1100 men. Overall casualties totalled more than 3400, with over 2300 killed. The action brought the United States into the Second World War on the Allied side. The film Pearl Harbor ( 2001 ), a three-way (and three-hour) love story set against events leading up to 7 December, starred Ben...

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
164 words

... Harbor • abba , blabber, dabber, grabber, jabber, stabber, yabber • Alba , Galba • amber , camber, caramba, clamber, Cochabamba, gamba, mamba, Maramba, samba, timbre • Annaba , arbor, arbour, barber, Barbour, harbour ( US harbor), indaba, Kaaba, Lualaba, Pearl Harbor, Saba, Sabah, Shaba • sambar , sambhar • rebbe , Weber • Elba • Bemba , December, ember, member, November, Pemba, September • belabour ( US belabor), caber, labour ( US labor), neighbour ( US neighbor), sabre ( US saber), tabor • chamber • bedchamber • antechamber • ...

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
61 words

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