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Paul Vidal de la Blache

(1845 –1918) The dominant figure in human geography in France at the turn of the twentieth century, Vidal de la Blache was a prolific writer, a major institutional force at ... ...

Vidal de la Blache, Paul

Vidal de la Blache, Paul (1845–1918)   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
252 words

...that he had sketched or left incomplete at his death. These included the Principes de géographie humaine ( 1922 ), assembled posthumously by Emmanuel de Martonne from Vidal de la Blache's notes and articles, and the massive Géographie universelle ( 1927–1948 ) undertaken by Lucien Gallois, his successor at the Sorbonne. Vidal de la Blache's major works include Etats et nations de l'Europe ( 1889 ), Tableau de la géographie de la France ( 1903 ), and La France de l'est ( 1917...

Vidal de la Blache, Paul

Vidal de la Blache, Paul (1845–1918)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
79 words

... de la Blache, Paul ( 1845–1918 ). French geographer . Seeking to integrate history and geography, he was especially concerned with the effects of human activity on the physical environment, and opposed the then prevailing conceptions of environmental determinism. From the 1880s to World War I he was professor at the Sorbonne, and the dominant force in French academic geography. Several of his works have remained classics, especially his posthumously published Principes de la géographie humaine ( 1926 ). [ Michael Kelly...

Vidal de la Blache, Paul

Vidal de la Blache, Paul (1845–1918)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
357 words

... de la Blache, Paul ( 1845–1918 ) A founding father of French geography as a modern academic discipline. Appointed to the chair of Geography at the University of Paris Sorbonne) in 1898 , he was able to exert tremendous influence over the way the subject was approached and taught across the country. His effect on academic appointments as well as the way of approaching geography established ‘ la tradition vidalienne ’ (the Vidalian tradition) into the next generation of French geographers. For much of the 19th century, geography languished in schools and...

de La Blache, Paul Vidal

de La Blache, Paul Vidal   Reference library

The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... La Blache, Paul Vidal Usually alphabetized as *Vidal de La Blache...

Vidal de La Blache, Paul

Vidal de La Blache, Paul (1845–1918)   Reference library

The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... de La Blache, Paul ( 1845–1918 ) French geographer...

Paul Vidal de la Blache

Paul Vidal de la Blache  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1845 –1918)The dominant figure in human geography in France at the turn of the twentieth century, Vidal de la Blache was a prolific writer, a major institutional force at ...
possibilism

possibilism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A critique of environmental determinism that was initially developed in the work of Paul Vidal de la Blache and other French geographers in the early twentieth century. Possibilism emphasizes the ...
cultural geography

cultural geography  

The study of the impact of human culture on the landscape; ‘the ways in which place and identity are embedded in a range of cultural landscapes, and the ways in which those social and material ...
sociology of environment

sociology of environment  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The environment is literally ‘that which environs or surrounds’, and the term is used in various ways in academic discourse. In biology and psychology, environment is frequently juxtaposed to ...
geography

geography  

The study of the Earth's surface and of the ways in which people, plants, and animals live on and use it.
possibilism

possibilism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
65 words

...limits, how they interact with the physical environment. It contrasts with the idea of environmental determinism , wherein natural forces shape society strongly. Possibilism is closely associated with the work of French geographers in the period 1870–1920 , notably Paul Vidal de la Blache . See also probabilism . Further reading Livingstone, D. N. (1992), The Geographical Tradition...

genre de vie

genre de vie   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
92 words

...de vie A way of life associated with the interaction of a human community and their local or regional environment. The term featured in the work of French geographer Paul Vidal de la Blache and his colleagues in the early 20th century. They sought to explain how and why the country’s regional (largely rural) landscapes looked as they did and why they differed from one another. By emphasizing the long-term interaction of people and environment, Vidal sought an alternative perspective to environmental determinism . See also cultural landscape ; ...

possibilism

possibilism   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
127 words

...A critique of environmental determinism that was initially developed in the work of Paul Vidal de la Blache and other French geographers in the early twentieth century. Possibilism emphasizes the range of possible strategies of cultural adaptation to given environmental conditions and the resulting impossibility of speaking of strict environmental determinism . Societies, possibilists argue, do not merely reflect their environmental conditions but adapt to them in historically contingent and often widely varying ways. Moreover, as societies advance...

Annales School

Annales School   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
111 words

...), founded in 1929 by Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre. The historiography they promoted focused on the social over the political, and rejected Marxist historical materialism because of its supposed fixation on economic processes. They were influenced by French geographer Paul Vidal de la Blache among others, and Annaliste histories paid close attention to geographical processes and to regional distinctiveness. This is most evident in the work of the school’s most notable historian, Fernand Braudel (1902–85), on Mediterranean history, and two volumes entitled ...

cultural geography

cultural geography   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
371 words

...the effects of different models of settlement and urban development, and ultimately, the framework of beliefs and attitudes that shape a culture's relationship to its environment. The chief (and earliest) exponent of this perspective in Europe was the French geographer Paul Vidal De La Blache , whose writing and institutional presence had an enormous influence on the practice of geography around the turn of the century. In the United States, the principle figure was Carl Sauer , at the University of California, Berkeley. Through his scholarship and founding...

human geography

human geography   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
306 words

...This broad-ranging discipline has numerous points of contact with the natural and the social sciences. In the case of the latter the sub-discipline of social or human geography is particularly pertinent. Human geography was pioneered by the French geographer Paul Vidal de la Blache ( Human Geography , 1918). , though a broadly similar development of social geography occurred in Germany, influenced by Friedrich Ratzel . Unlike physical geography, which is concerned principally with the description and analysis of the land, human geography focuses...

geography

geography  

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference

...opposition between the interior, heartland powers of eastern Europe and Asia and the rimland nations that relied on naval power, namely Britain. Environmental determinism came under attack on a range of fronts in the 1920s and 1930s—in France through the influence of Paul Vidal De La Blache , whose concept of possibilism cautioned that there was more than one possible response to given environmental conditions; and in the United States through the work of Carl Sauer and the Berkeley school of cultural geography, which he founded and led. Sauer advocated...

environment, sociology of

environment, sociology of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
619 words

...as environmental determinism. The most sophisticated writers emphasized that the environment merely sets fundamental limiting conditions on possible courses of action. Examples of such work include Frederic le Play and Patrick Geddes . In France, the work of Paul Vidal de la Blache and Lucien Febvre established a regional focus for social studies and found its best expression in the work of the Annales School . American work on environmental influences, such as that of Ellen Semple , exercised a great influence on the urban ecology of the ...

geography

geography   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
2,132 words

...physical conditions over time and space. The Russian exile Peter Kropotkin and the Scottish social critic Patrick Geddes stressed the independent laws of organisms in interpreting responses to inorganic conditions. Paul Vidal de la Blache and Otto Schlüter insisted that human modes of social life (lifestyles, Kulturformen , genres de vie ) shaped the landscape. Regardless of their understanding of evolution, academic geographers took the region or the landscape as the fundamental unit of analysis. A few modern geographers explicitly abjured questions...

cultural landscape

cultural landscape   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
3,169 words

...the extensive body of writings that fall under this approach is that little or no attempt is made to justify the reading. The receiver simply asserts, for example, that “une contrée devient à la longue une médaille frappée à l'effigie d'un peuple” (a country eventually becomes a medal engraved with the portrait of its people). Though Vidal de la Blache, who wrote these words in 1903 , is credited with the foundation of modern human geography in France and is widely perceived as a precursor of contemporary humanistic geography, this statement of his...

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