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Partai Islam Se-Malaysia

Subject: Religion

Islamic Party of Malaysia. Formed in 1951 by members of three political parties (Malay Nationalist Party, Hizbul Muslimin, and United Malays National Organization) and registered as a ...

Partai Islam se Malaysia

Partai Islam se Malaysia   Reference library

Fred R. von der Mehden

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
530 words

... Islam se Malaysia . The Islamic Party of Malaysia (Partai Islam se Malaysia; PAS) was established to promote Malay-Muslim interests. Its antecedents were small Malay-Muslim organizations, primarily the Muslim Party (Hizbul Muslimin) and the Pan Malayan Islamic Association (Persatuan Islam Se-Tanah Malaya; PMIA). However, it became institutionalized as a party in May 1955 , when it registered itself as the Pan-Malayan Islamic Party (Partai Islam Se-Tanah Melayu; PMIP), later to become PAS. This initially small and loosely organized party stood in...

Partai Islam Se-Malaysia

Partai Islam Se-Malaysia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,518 words

... Islam Se-Malaysia . The Partai Islam Se-Malaysia (Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party), better known by its Malay acronym, PAS, was established in November 1951 as a breakaway group from the dominant United Malay National Organization ( UMNO ). From the beginning, it has represented the view that Malaysia should be an Islamic state. UMNO itself, the party that has dominated Malaysian politics since independence in 1957 , was established in 1946 as an all-Malay party set up to counter a post–World War II British plan to establish a National Union combining...

Partai Islam Se-Malaysia

Partai Islam Se-Malaysia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Islamic Party of Malaysia. Formed in 1951 by members of three political parties (Malay Nationalist Party, Hizbul Muslimin, and United Malays National Organization) and registered as a political party ...
Kelantan

Kelantan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Predominantly ethnic Malay state in the northeast of peninsular Malaysia, bordering the majority Malay Muslim provinces of southern Thailand. Historically noted for its pondok (Muslim religious ...
United Malays National Organization

United Malays National Organization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Ethnic Malay party founded in 1946. Has been a dominant political force in Malaysia. Seeks to protect and promote Malay political, sociocultural, religious, and economic interests. Under the ...
Tablīghī Jamāʿat

Tablīghī Jamāʿat  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Indian reform movement founded by Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas in 1927 in Delhi. Popular with villagers and peasants. Called for reform of personal religious practices and defense of Islam and Muslim ...
Malaysia

Malaysia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Malaysia's ruling party is coming under increasing pressure.Malaysia has an unusual geographical composition. Its territory is evenly divided between a portion on the Asian mainland and a similar ...
Kelantan

Kelantan   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
100 words

...state in the northeast of peninsular Malaysia, bordering the majority Malay Muslim provinces of southern Thailand. Historically noted for its pondok (Muslim religious schools) and ulama. Ceremonially headed by a sultan, but executive powers lie with an elected state government. Kelantan is the political locus of the Partai Islam Se-Malaysia (PAS), which has ruled the state since 1959 , losing in 1978 , regaining through 1990 and 1999 elections. PAS aims to establish an Islamic state in Kelantan, enforcing Islamic law, in opposition to the United Malays...

Malaysia

Malaysia   Reference library

M. Kamal Hassan, Osman Bakar, and Fred R. von der Mehden

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,729 words

...the banner of “1Malaysia.” Malaysia's biggest challenge in the new century is to maintain interethnic and interreligious peace in the light of new religious, political, social, and economic developments. [ See also Daʿwah ; Partai Islam se Malaysia ; and United Malays National Organization . ] Bibliography Abdullah Ahmad Badawi . Islam Hadhari: A Model Approach for Development and Progress . Singapore: MPH Group Publishing, 2006. Al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Naguib . Preliminary Statement of a General Theory of the Islamization of the...

United Malays National Organization

United Malays National Organization   Reference library

Fred R. von der Mehden

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
817 words

...minister in 1981, and his long tenure (1981–2003) bought continued support for development, but with an increased emphasis upon Islam. UMNO's position with regard to Islam has been primarily based upon three foundations, its Malays Muslim constituency, the focus of its top leadership, and its electoral and ideological confrontation with the other major Malays Muslim party, Partai Islam Se-Malaysia (PAS, Islamic Party of Malaysia). Initially Malays Muslims were almost 90 percent rural and less involved in the modern urban economy than the Chinese and...

ABIM

ABIM   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,196 words

...problems of multiracial Malaysia; only an “Islamic solution” could. A stream of ABIM leaders went on to assume top roles in the opposition Malaysian Islamic Party (Partai Islam se Malaysia, PAS). Yet Anwar was co-opted into the United Malays National Organization ( UMNO ) a year after Mahathir Mohamed became prime minister in 1981 ; a number of supporters from ABIM followed him, while others who were disillusioned joined PAS instead. Anwar rose rapidly through the ranks, becoming deputy prime minister of Malaysia and deputy president of UMNO. The...

Dar ul Arqam

Dar ul Arqam   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,490 words

... 1968 in Malaysia by Shaykh Ashaari Muhammad al-Tamimi ( 1938 –), known as Ustaz Ashaari or Abuya (“our father”). Ustaz Ashaari is regarded by his followers as a divinely appointed leader who receives divine support, and is the precursor of the Mahdi—the Guided One—the awaited redeemer who will appear after Malaysia is established as an Islamic state but before the end of the world. Ustaz Ashaari started his career as religious teacher in a primary school and also as a party worker for Partai Islam se-Malaysia ( PAS ), the pan-Malaysian Islamic political...

Malaysia

Malaysia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,137 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Malay nationalist leaders and the proponents of an Islamic political party, Hizbul Muslimin, which was banned a few months after its formation in 1948 . The Pan-Malayan Islamic Party ( Partai Islam se-Malaysia , better known as PAS ) originally developed from the defection of the ʿulamāʿ faction in UMNO in 1951 and became a registered political party in 1955 . Its emergence marked another turning point in the development of Islamic thought in the Malay states. Independence. The idea of an Islamic state in British Malaya was articulated for the first...

Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia

Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia   Reference library

Fred R. von der Mehden

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
4,141 words

...teaching of radical Islam in private schools, after 9/11 the government turned to controlling their activities. The culmination of this program of Islamization came in 2001 . Mahathir announced that, given what had been accomplished in implementing Islam in Malaysia, it was already an Islamic state and a model Islamic state. This assertion was not positively received by UMNO's non-Muslim partners or its Islamic political opposition. UNNO's Islamic political party opposition has come from the Parti Se-Malaysia (Islamic Party of Malaysia, or PAS). Initially...

Southeast Asia and the Pacific

Southeast Asia and the Pacific   Reference library

Claudia Merli

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
3,472 words

...the widespread images of “Asian family” and “Asian values.” In Malaysia in the 1990s, as the revivalist Islamic movement Al Arqam was banned from the country, a panic over young Muslim women's “loafing,” hanging out in shopping centers, and engaging in dating was picked up by state agents and religious authorities. Reactions included the enforcement of dress codes in the northwestern Malaysian states of Terengganu and Kelantan, both of which are dominated by the PAS (Partai Islam se Malaysia). A comparable anxiety about the perceived spreading of a...

United Malays National Organization

United Malays National Organization   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,933 words

...is Islam. The global Islamic resurgence that swept through Malaysia coincided with the coming to power inside UMNO in 1981 of a new type of UMNO Malay leadership under Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamed ; this was nonaristocratic, locally educated, and somewhat anti-West, and it has been more comfortable than the previous leadership with mixing Islam and politics in a multiethnic and multireligious setting. As a result, the UMNO-dominated government has responded to the Malay opposition Islamic challenge posed by Partai Islam Se-Malaysia ( PAS ) by...

Chronology

Chronology   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
15,368 words

...Idrīs ibn al-Mahdī, grandson of Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī al-Sanūsī, becomes king of newly created Libya, highlighting leadership and nationalistic roles of Sānusīyah ṭarīqah 1951 Mohammed Mossadegh appointed prime minister of Iran 1951 Formation of Partai Islam Se-Malaysia (PAS) as independent Islamic political party in Malaysia 1951 Jordan reforms law of family rights to restrict polygyny and divorce and expand women's right to divorce on certain grounds 1951 Queen Noor of Jordan (born Lisa Halaby), internationally acclaimed philanthropist and humanitarian 1952 Gamal...

Tablīghī Jamāʿat

Tablīghī Jamāʿat   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
4,454 words

...military officers continue to attend its activities today. See also Aḥmadīyah ; Jamʿīyatul ʿUlamāʿ-i Islām ; Muhammadiyah ; Nahdatul Ulama ; and Partai Islam Se-Malaysia.] Bibliography Research on the Tablīghī Jamāʿat has attracted increasing attention, particularly in connection with its global expansion. Some scholars of South Asian and Southeast Asian Islam have studied the ideology and program of the Jamāʿat in the context of a contemporary Islamic revival. The available literature on Tablīghī Jamāʿat is mostly in Urdu, and consists mainly of...

Islam

Islam   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
46,709 words
Illustration(s):
19

...the Malaysian Federation, they, like the Indonesian Islamic parties, have never come close to forming a national government. See Partai Islam Se-Malaysia and United Malay National Organization . While elements of radical Islamic groups have resided in Malaysia, the country has not experienced the levels of religious violence of neighboring Indonesia. In part, this is due to the institutional controls developed in Malaysia to limit interracial and interreligious hostility and religious opposition in its diverse society. The government has fostered Islam as a...

Women and Social Reform

Women and Social Reform   Reference library

Mervat Hatem, Heba Raouf Ezzat, Shahla Haeri, Valentine M. Moghadam, Susan Schaefer Davis, Leila Hessini, Stephanie Willman Bordat, Anita M. Weiss, Sharon Siddique, and Farjana Mahbuba

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
15,123 words

...political arena. In British Malaya, both leading Malay political parties established women's wings. The women's wing of the United Malays National Organization (UMNO) was called Kaum Ibu (later Kaum Wanita), and that of the opposition Partai Islam Se-Malaysia (PAS) was called Dewan Muslimat (Women's Section). In Malaysia, the rights of women as citizens to participate in the political and administrative functions of the nation have been recognized and safeguarded in the federal constitution. Similarly, in Indonesia, the 1945 constitution ensures rights...

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