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Part 20 claim

Subject: Law

A claim other than a claim by the claimant against the defendant. It includes (1) a counterclaim by the defendant against the claimant; (2) a counterclaim by the defendant against a third ...

mosaïculture

mosaïculture   Reference library

Brent Elliott

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...By the end of the century, historically revivalist patterns made their appearance, and some proponents of mosaïculture justified their bedding schemes by claiming that they were a revival of the spirit of the age of Louis XIV. These claims were dismissed in the early 20th century as the demand for period accuracy in garden reconstruction increased. However, it continued to form a major part of municipal park decoration. In England, William Robinson attempted to popularize the word mosaïculture as a term for beds of dwarf succulents, to distinguish...

France

France   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...pool became, in his final years of painting, his favourite subject. Such private gardens must have been numerous in Monet's day but only in the case of Giverny, because of the fame of its owner, has it been thought worthwhile to recreate such a garden. The 20th century and beyond In the early part of the 20th century France, in particular Paris, was the most flourishing centre of art in the world. To a certain extent avant-garde attitudes of the visual arts were found in garden design, but surprisingly briefly and of very limited diffusion. It is surprising...

public parks

public parks   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...were made in 19th-century France in quite small towns such as Luçon in the Vendée. The French tradition of laying out public gardens continued throughout the 20th century. The Jardin des Prés-Fichaux (Bourges) was laid out in the 1920s by Paul Marguerita ( 1886–1942 ) in a refreshing art deco style. The various new parks laid out in Paris ( see Paris parks and gardens ) in the latter part of the 20th century were a unique achievement in urban planning of its time. The Jardin Atlantique, 3.4 hectares/8 acres of public gardens on the roof of an office block,...

United States of America

United States of America   Reference library

Denise Otis

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...thrown out of graduate school but found a forum in the architectural press for their belief that gardens and landscapes should reflect 20th-century reality. Most of their writing dealt with public landscapes, but in practice their ideas were first expressed in small suburban gardens. The entrance of the United States into the Second World War put a stop to the possibility of larger projects The gardening world of the late 20th century Ornamental gardening as a whole was little practised during the war: most home gardeners took to growing vegetables. The...

Czech Republic, The

Czech Republic, The   Reference library

Michael Symes

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
3,110 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Buchlovice, in South Moravia, had an Italianate terraced garden which was then given a French-style makeover including topiary. A central axis runs from the chateau through a fountain to an obelisk ( 1794 ) commemorating the new owners. Jaromĕřice, in the same region, is claimed to be a fine example of French baroque design, but the ‘restoration’, carried out from the 1950s onwards, is a considerable simplification and modification of the original as seen in early views. There were broderie parterres , lime avenues, orchards, benches, statues, and a...

British Isles

British Isles   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...by William Robinson. This revival of interest in naturalistic planting was perhaps the only distinctive style of British gardens at the end of the 20th century. At the beginning of the 21st century, in 2001 , the Eden Project was opened to the public. It combines exciting architecture, a mission to educate the public about the plight of plants, landscaping, and a mammoth tourist attraction (although it claims to be not so much ‘a destination as a place in the heart’). It became another, albeit immensely successful, example of the garden planned for...

Italy

Italy   Reference library

Penelope Hobhouse

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... ( see bosco ). This first ‘botanical’ garden was established 300 years before, in the Renaissance age, new plants from the Orient and from the New World stimulated serious scientific study of plants for their own sake rather than for their medicinal use. Italy can also claim the first modern botanic gardens to be established in Europe. Pisa and Padua were founded in 1545 , within a few months of each other, soon to be followed by the Botanic Garden of Florence ( 1550 ). Both were conceived as gardens of medicinal herbs for the university...

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