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Part 20 claim

Subject: Law

A claim other than a claim by the claimant against the defendant. It includes (1) a counterclaim by the defendant against the claimant; (2) a counterclaim by the defendant against a third ...

Stravinsky, Fyodor Ignat'yevich

Stravinsky, Fyodor Ignat'yevich (8/20 June 1843)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
608 words

.... V.V. Stasov considered that in the role of Farlaf (in M.I. Glinka's Ruslan and Lyudmila ) Stravinsky was the ‘worthy successor to Osip Petrov’. P. I. Tchaikovsky was a great admirer of Stravinsky, and asked that he should play the comparatively small part of Orlik in his opera Mazepa , since this part in particular required a ‘good artist’. Stravinsky sang in three other Tchaikovsky premières, creating the roles of His Highness in Vakula the Smith , Dunois in The Maid of Orleans and Mamïrov in The Enchantress . An intelligent and inspired performer,...

Peri, Jacopo

Peri, Jacopo (20 Aug 1561)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
737 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Jacopo [ ‘Zazzerino’ Jacopo Peri ] ( b Rome or Florence , 20 Aug 1561 ; d Florence , 12 Aug 1633 ). Italian composer , singer and instrumentalist . His most significant contribution was his development of the dramatic recitative for musical theatre. A performer of his own vocal compositions, Peri's contribution to the early history of opera is arguably as much vocal as compositional. Although Peri may have been born in Rome, he claimed descent from Florentine nobles with a long record of public service. He settled in Florence at an early age, and...

Acis and Galatea

Acis and Galatea   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,311 words

...without Handel's involvement, in London. The next year it was revived by an English opera company under Thomas Arne (father of the composer), performing at the Little Theatre in the Haymarket, immediately opposite the King's, where Handel gave Italian operas. It was claimed as ‘with all the Grand Chorus's, Scenes, Machines, and other Decorations; being the first Time it ever was performed in a Theatrical Way’. Handel retaliated by converting it into a three‐act serenata, performed by his Italian company, with substantial revisions and additions and...

Contes d'Hoffmann, Les

Contes d'Hoffmann, Les   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,268 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of the physicist Spalanzani The eccentric inventor Spalanzani is hoping that his latest invention, a mechanical doll, will earn enough money to recoup the losses sustained from the bankruptcy of his banker. He is worried, though, that his former partner Coppélius may claim part of the proceeds. Hoffmann arrives as a pupil of Spalanzani, who talks of his ‘daughter’ Olympia. Spalanzani leaves to prepare for the arrival of his guests, and Hoffmann's heart leaps when, behind a curtain, he sees what he takes to be the sleeping figure of the daughter....

Rodelinda

Rodelinda   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,431 words
Illustration(s):
1

...firmly breaks his promise to Eduige. This he does, and Eduige, encouraged by a declaration of love from Garibaldo, determines to see Grimoaldo brought down. Alone, Garibaldo reveals that he is merely using Eduige as a step to the throne, to which, as Bertarido's sister, she has a claim while Flavio remains a minor. A cypress grove, with the tombs of the Lombardic kings; among the monuments is one to Bertarido Bertarido, in Hungarian dress, appears, wondering what has happened to Rodelinda. He is joined by Unulfo . The two men hide as Rodelinda brings Flavio to...

Aufstieg und Fall der Stadt Mahagonny

Aufstieg und Fall der Stadt Mahagonny   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,909 words

...and, the style having been tried out, was then continued’, and it was effectively suppressed; it was not published until 1963 . That the composer wished retrospectively to relegate the Songspiel to the status of a mere stylistic study is understandable. But why he should also claim, by backdating the genesis of the full‐scale opera, that this was his intention all along remains unclear. He obviously wished to stress the importance of the latter work to his theatrical output, partly no doubt because of Brecht's rather negative assessment, made public in his...

Boris Godunov

Boris Godunov   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
4,666 words
Illustration(s):
5

...They agree to come the next day to resume their entreaties, but cynically. 2   Part 1.ii Square in the Moscow Kremlin 2   Prologue ii as opposite Boris is crowned. Processions before and after. The new tsar expresses humility and invites all to a feast. The forced praises of the crowd are sung to the words and tune of an old Russian fortune‐telling song from the L'viv‐Pratsch anthology (2/1806) chosen because it happens to include the word ‘Glory!’ as a refrain. 3   Part 2.i Cell in the Chudov Monastery 3   Act 1.i Cell in the Chudov Monastery a...

War and Peace

War and Peace   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
5,104 words

...visits the bedside of the delirious Andrey Bolkonsky (Book III, Part 3, chapter 32 [III/3/32]). He drew up an initial list of scenes on 12 April 1941 , as in Table 2 (numbers in brackets refer to the scenes of the final version; Scene 5 was an insertion that caused the renumbering of those succeeding). That the main action of the first part of the opera would centre on the ill‐starred elopement of Natasha and Anatol Kuragin was clear from the start. The main action of the second part, as envisaged at this early stage, centred on Pierre Bezukhov and his...

Orfeo ed Euridice

Orfeo ed Euridice   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
4,719 words

...E♭ 16 Maestoso, E♭ 13 Introduction, c 17 Prélude, d 14 Coro: Chi mai dell'Erebo, c 18 Choeur: Quel est l'audacieux, d 15 Ballo, c 19 Air de Furie, d 16 Coro: chi mai dell'Erebo, c 20 Choeur: Quel est l'audacieux, d 17 Ballo (512), E♭ 18 Orfeo, Coro: Deh placatevi, E♭ 21 Orphée, Choeur: Laissez‐vous toucher, B♭ ( R 18) 19 Coro: Misero giovane, E♭ 22 Choeur: Qui t'amène, B♭ 20 Aria (Orfeo): Mille pene, c 23 Air (Orphée): Ah! La flamme, c 21 Coro: Ah, quale incognito affetto, c 24 Choeur: Par quels puissants remords, g 22 Aria (Orfeo): Men tiranno, c 25 ...

Euryanthe

Euryanthe   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,810 words

...beginning ‘O Seligkeit, dich fass’ ich kaum’ is set to a melody already heard as the second subject of the overture. Euryanthe hurries in. They express their love for one another in the duet ‘Hin nimm die Seele mein’. After the court has welcomed Euryanthe, Lysiart advances to claim victory in the wager. At first Adolar expresses his confidence in Euryanthe by singing the melody of ‘Ich bau’ auf Gott' to the words ‘Komm an mein Herz’; but when Lysiart produces Emma's ring and reveals that he knows the secret of the tomb, all are reluctantly convinced of...

Zauberflöte, Die

Zauberflöte, Die   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,432 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and embraced all ranks; Salieri attended a performance and complimented Mozart warmly. Mozart tested Schikaneder's improvisatory powers by fooling with the glockenspiel part in his Act 2 aria. Schack himself played the flute in the finales. Minor parts were taken by members of the theatre company including Schikaneder's brother and the wives of Schack and Gerl. In Vienna, there were 20 performances in the first month, and publication of extracts began in November; Schikaneder had given over 200 performances by 1800 . The first Hoftheater performance was in...

Elisir d'amore, L'

Elisir d'amore, L'   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,590 words

...ensemble. Nemorino is upset by the sergeant's self‐assurance. Belcore reminds Adina that later Aphrodite yielded to Ares, a warrior like himself. When Adina declares that she is in no hurry to make up her mind, Belcore observes that time flies; Adina retorts that some soldiers claim a victory before the battle has even begun. Nemorino wishes he had the courage to declare his feelings for Adina as openly as Belcore did. When they are left alone he wants to talk, but she is tired of his sighing and tells him to go to look after his ailing uncle. Nemorino...

Götterdämmerung

Götterdämmerung   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,768 words
Illustration(s):
7

...that the ‘Tristan chord’ and Tarnhelm motif — both at their original pitch — effect a return to B minor, the key in which the act will end, as it began: a remarkable example of the interaction of local tonal reference with largescale structural planning. The disguised Siegfried claims Brünnhilde as wife, violently snatches the ring from her finger and forces her into the cave for the night. He places his sword symbolically between them. Act 2 On the shore in front of the Gibichung hall Hagen, sitting outside the palace in a half‐sleep, is visited by his...

Makropulos Affair, The

Makropulos Affair, The   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,216 words
Illustration(s):
1

...specifies a ‘strange light’). Kristina and her father withdraw. Emilia wishes to hear details of the case, and at a rattling speed (sometimes no more than a single‐note parlando) Kolenatý proceeds to expound it. The case concerns the attempt of the Gregor family to prove their claims to the profitable Loukov estate, which they believe Ferdinand Karel Gregor should have inherited from Baron Josef Ferdinand Prus, who died intestate and without issue in 1827 . Prus had indicated his intention to leave his estate to Gregor; Prus's relatives contested this on the...

Così fan tutte

Così fan tutte   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,007 words
Illustration(s):
1

...as lovelorn ‘Albanians’, their bizarre disguise impenetrable even to the sharp‐witted Despina (sextet, ‘Alla bella Despinetta’). Recovering from laughter, she helps them to plead for a moment's kindness from the ladies; they are rejected in a furious Allegro. Alfonso, emerging, claims them as his friends, but after the men's voices unite, turning recitative towards arioso, Fiordiligi articulates her constancy in a powerful recitative and aria (‘Come scoglio’); she stands firm as a rock in tempestuous seas. The three sections grow in brilliance and versatility;...

Barbiere di Siviglia, Il

Barbiere di Siviglia, Il   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,962 words

...the foolishness of old men wanting to marry young wives, ‘Il vecchiotto cerca moglie’. When Dr Bartolo discovers that Don Basilio has never heard of Don Alonso he determines to marry Rosina straight away. To help advance his case, he presents Rosina with her letter to Lindoro, claiming that he obtained it from a certain Count Almaviva on whose behalf Lindoro is clearly acting. A storm rages. As it settles, Figaro and Almaviva make their entrance over the balcony only to be confronted by Rosina, furious at being ‘used’ by Lindoro to further the Count's wicked...

Entführung aus dem Serail, Die

Entführung aus dem Serail, Die   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,862 words
Illustration(s):
1

...(‘O, wie will ich triumphieren’), with piccolo but without trumpets or Turkish music, which Mozart keeps in reserve, Osmin anticipates the delight of torturing and killing his enemies, his lowest bass notes (to D) filled with ghoulish relish. The interior of the palace Osmin claims credit for the arrest. Selim confronts the lovers. Konstanze admits guilt in his eyes, but pleads loyalty to her first lover. She begs to die if only his life can be spared. Belmonte humbles himself; he is worth a fine ransom; his name is Lostados. Selim recognizes the son of the...

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