You are looking at 1-16 of 16 entries  for:

  • All: Part 20 claim x
  • Children's literature studies x
clear all

View:

Overview

Part 20 claim

Subject: Law

A claim other than a claim by the claimant against the defendant. It includes (1) a counterclaim by the defendant against the claimant; (2) a counterclaim by the defendant against a third ...

JONES, Diana Wynne

JONES, Diana Wynne (1934–2011)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
454 words

...be called a ‘real’ world; The Magicians of Caprona ( 1980 ), another Chrestomanci story, is set in an Italy which is half Renaissance and half 20th-cent., while Eight Days of Luke ( 1975 ) introduces into a contemporary setting characters who recognizably belong in Norse myth . The Dalemark Quartet ( 1975–93 ) is set in a pre-industrial parallel universe; in The Homeward Bounders ( 1981 ) a boy becomes part of a universe-wide game of chance. Howl’s Moving Castle ( 1986 ), one of Jones’s undoubted masterpieces, is set in Ingary, a magical land where...

Critical Approaches to Children's Literature

Critical Approaches to Children's Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
2,628 words

...and the inclusion of wizardry, magic, and the occult (so-called Satanism). A challenge may be lodged on moral grounds, as when Lois Lowry's The Giver ( 1993 ), one of the most frequently challenged books in the decade following its publication, is claimed to promote euthanasia and infanticide. Absurd as such claims may be, critical commentary's task is not only to engage in social judgments about content but also to distinguish between “what we read” and “how we read,” between simple content and the narrative frame and point of view that present this content....

Hoffmann, Heinrich

Hoffmann, Heinrich   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
1,182 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Jean Petersen . “Fetching the Jingle Along: Mark Twain's Slovenly Peter .” Children's Literature Association Quarterly 20, no. 1 (1995): 36–41. Freeman, Thomas . “Heinrich Hoffmann's Struwwelpeter : An Inquiry into the Effects of Violence in Children's Literature.” Journal of Popular Culture 10, no. 4 (1997): 808–820. Stahl, J. D. “Mark Twain's Slovenly Peter in the Context of Twain and German Culture.” The Lion and the Unicorn 20, no. 2 (1996): 166–180. Zipes, Jack . Sticks and Stones: The Troublesome Success of Children's Literature from Slovenly...

school stories

school stories   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
1,415 words

...fiction, Kipling ’s remarkable Stalky & Co . ( 1899 ) stands sharply out; despite its brutality, it has a claim to be regarded as the only entirely successful ‘serious’ school story in existence—though it is not one story, for Kipling eschews a continuous plot and presents a set of tales. Desmond Coke’s The Bending of a Twig ( 1906 ) attempted to parody the conventional school story and show what school was ‘really’ like. Many early 20th-cent. school novels set out to give a documentary account of real schools; of these, the only one to achieve...

Myths

Myths   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
2,111 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of its available space). Introduced by a section dealing with “universal” themes—creation myths, gods and goddesses, heroes, monsters, supernatural animals, shape-shifting, and endings— the volume is arranged on principles of antiquity and region. A claim habitually made for classical myth—“A living part of all our heritage, myths are still some of the best stories of all time”—is here appropriated for a multicultural approach to myth. Such a move seems particularly significant because any contemporary collection of myths is less likely to be yet another...

School Stories

School Stories   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
3,613 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Joan Potter . The Tradition Revived? In the second half of the 20th century critics lost no opportunity to draw attention to the school story's irrelevance, false values, and lack of realism. The bugbear of librarians and teachers, school stories began to be removed from school and library shelves, causing publishers to curtail their lists even though there was still a reading market for them. By the 1970s the genre appeared to be in terminal decline. Then, just as one could confidently claim that the school story was dead, along came Harry Potter . J. K....

Collections

Collections   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
1,632 words

...New England writers and illustrators. Melbourne's State Library of Victoria celebrates Australia's Aboriginal legends as part of its holdings. The National Children's Collection of New Zealand's National Library has since 1993 restricted its acquisitions to children's books from New Zealand and other Pacific Island countries. Art and other nontextual materials are another area of research. Movable and pop-up books are a significant part of the general children's literature holdings at the University of California, Los Angeles. The Winterthur Library in...

Multiculturalism and Children's Books

Multiculturalism and Children's Books   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
3,218 words
Illustration(s):
1

...In Australia, the idea that the nation is built on a foundation of Britishness survives despite the fact that more than 20 percent of Australians were born in countries other than Australia, and among conservative groups, multiculturalism is blamed for the dilution of national identity. A defining factor in Canadian versions of multiculturalism is the proximity of the United States, which drives Canadian formulations of nationhood toward claims of unity and common purpose while members of minority groups resist homogenization. In the United States the term...

Dickens, Charles

Dickens, Charles   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
1,047 words
Illustration(s):
1

... 1907 , thought that in its simplistic approach and relish for bloodthirsty detail the book was essentially “a child's history.” But no reader of any age could find it easy to follow: lack of dates and genealogies forces one to struggle through a morass of dynastic marriages and claims to the throne with no lifeline. Other Works for Children Dickens's own favorite childhood reading had been fairy tales, and he frequently recalled these in his novels and occasional writing. He execrated attempts to tamper with what he considered sacred text. In “Frauds on the...

Jungle Books, The

Jungle Books, The   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
1,061 words

...the 20th cent. But the invention and excitement of the stories continue to prove popular with both children and adults. Recent scholarship has interrogated ideas of imperialism and identity in The Jungle Books (see, for example, Sue Walsh’s 2010 monograph Kipling’s Children’s Literature: Language, Identity and Constructions of Childhood ) and counterpointed the author’s unease with the power of colonialism against his often jingoistic tone (see Rooney and Nagai eds., Kipling and Beyond , 2010 ). The speed with which The Jungle Books became part of...

Poetry

Poetry   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
5,872 words
Illustration(s):
2

...the child stayed in the quiet of his own house and enjoyed creating his own “media” experiences. The 20th Century: Transitions into the Modern For the most part, 20th-century poetry for children relinquished didacticism for delight. Nonsense verse appeared even in periodicals for children that often relied on sentimental themes and pious appeals, such as the well-known St. Nicholas magazine ( Nov. 1873–Mar. 1940 ; some issues in 1943 ). In fact, the 20th century offered poems that play with didacticism, mock stories of incautious or unpleasant children...

Fairy Tales and Folk Tales

Fairy Tales and Folk Tales   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
5,901 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Indeed, during the first part of the 20th century it became increasingly difficult to draw boundaries between fairy tales for children and adults. Yet one thing is clear and has always been true: adults have always read, censored, approved, and distributed the so-called fairy tales for children. On the other hand, as more and more children have become functionally and culturally literate, and as they have become more worldly, they have either sought the reading material of adults or been exposed to this reading material. In fact, part of children's...

Comic Books

Comic Books   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
3,242 words
Illustration(s):
2

...in comics in Britain they remained relegated to newspapers in the United States. Most other countries followed even later in picking up these formats. The 20th Century One result of the battle between Pulitzer and Hearst was the regular publication of daily strips, usually humorous, featuring Dirks and Opper plus others, like Bud Fisher ’s Mutt and Jeff ( 1907 ). Concurrently, the early 20th century was a period of innovation and boldness, most notably with Winsor McCay ’s beautifully drafted dream sequences in Little Nemo in Slumberland ( 1905 )...

Children's Magazines

Children's Magazines   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
2,434 words
Illustration(s):
1

.... Another strong and distinctive literary magazine, the Brownies' Book ( 1920–1921 ), published by W. E. B. Du Bois , editor of the NAACP's Crisis , was directed toward African American families and designed in part to rectify the demeaning image of black children so frequently found in mainstream periodicals, including St. Nicholas . The 20th century presented a difficult climate for children's magazines in America, apart from comic books, and American journals that have prospered tend to be directed toward readers with special interests. Highlights...

Verne, Jules

Verne, Jules   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
2,333 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in subsequent years. Enduring Contributions As Verne's books had an early international audience, the many early English translations were inexpertly done and scholars have claimed that this was a serious disservice to Verne's critical reception. Several scholars, such as Arthur B. Evans , Stanford Luce , and Walter James Miller , are publishing retranslated critical editions as part of the Wesleyan Early Classics of Science Fiction series. Mysterious Island and Invasion of the Sea were retranslated and published in 2001 . Others have followed....

Arthur, King

Arthur, King   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
2,499 words

...subjects with publishers of children’s books for many years. By the second half of the 20th cent. the tendency was once again to return to Malory’s original narrative. Roger Lancelyn Green ’s King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table ( 1957 ) is one of the best retellings from this period; it is closer to the Morte than many of its predecessors, and also draws on other medieval Arthurian texts. But the most original treatment of the Arthurian material in the 20th cent. was by T. H. White . In 1938 he published The Sword in the Stone , a highly...

View: