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Paphos

City-kingdom of SW Cyprus. (1) Palaepaphos (mod. Kouklia) built on a bluff near the coast, site of a famous sanctuary of Aphrodite, by tradition born nearby of sea-foam. Alternative ...

Paphos

Paphos (Cyprus)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Paphos ( Páfos ) , Cyprus ( Erythrae, Sebaste Nea Paphos, Augusta Claudia Flavia Paphos, Baffo, Basso, Ktima ) A combination of two cities, Nea ‘New’ (later Kato ‘Lower’) Paphos, founded towards the end of the 4th century bc , and Ktima, and named Paphos in 1971 . Old Paphos (Palaepaphos, now Kouklia, and given this name when New Paphos was founded) was located 10 miles (16 km) to the east. According to a legend whose details are somewhat confusing, the city was named by Kinyras, the husband or son of Paphos. Paphos was the daughter of King...

Paphos

Paphos   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
45 words

... City established in the 4th cent. bce on the SW coast of Cyprus. Paul and * Barnabas met the Roman proconsul * Sergius Paulus , who was astonished at the teaching about the Lord (Acts 13: 12) when Paul caused the magician * Elymas to be struck...

Paphos

Paphos   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,114 words

... , ancient city on the southwest coast of Cyprus (34°42′ N, 32°35′ E), situated on a low hill above the coastal plain, fewer than 2 km (about 1 mi.) from the shore. The original settlement was also called Paphos, but since the end of the fourth century bce has been called Old Paphos (Gk., Palaipaphos; Lat., Palaepaphus), to avoid confusion with the recently founded harbor town of New Paphos (Nea Paphos), some 19 km (12 mi.) along the coast to the northwest. The ancient name of the city was lost during the Middle Ages. In the sixteenth century, the Swiss...

Paphos

Paphos   Reference library

Hector William Catling

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
397 words

...K. Nikolaou , Mélanges Michaelowski (1966), 561 ff.; W. A. Daszewski , Report of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus , 1987, 171 ff.; V. Karageorghis , Palaepaphos-Skales (1983): F. G. Maier and V. Karageorghis, Paphos: History and Archaeology (1984); F. G. Maier , CAH 6 2 (1994), 300 ff; J. Młynarczyk, Nea Paphos III: Nea Paphos in the Hellenistic Period (1990); IACP no. 1019. Hector William...

Paphos

Paphos   Reference library

Rowena Loverance

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Important all-weather harbour on the south coast of Cyprus , with close ties to Egypt . Palaepaphos, a classical sanctuary of Aphrodite, was abandoned after the 4th century . Nea Paphos, proclaimed by Severan milestones as Sebaste Claudia Flavia Paphos, ‘sacred metropolis of all the cities in Cyprus’, was probably, but not certainly, the seat of the Roman governor of the province of Cyprus. It lost prestige in the 4th century when the capital moved to Salamis , but still supported massive basilicas and wealthy private houses . The...

Paphos

Paphos   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
73 words

... City near the south-west coast of Cyprus, where according to tradition Aphrodite was born from the sea-foam, and the site of an ancient and widely famed temple to that goddess. This temple seems to date originally from the twelfth century bc , when Mycenaean Greeks settled there (traditionally, the Arcadian contingent on their way back from Troy, led by Agapenor ). Already in Homer's Odyssey Paphos is the home of Aphrodite. See also Cyprus...

Paphos, New

Paphos, New   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
877 words

..., New [ Nea Paphos ; now Kato Paphos ] . Town on the south-west coast of Cyprus and capital of the island from the 2nd century bc to the 4th century ad . As Kato Paphos it now occupies the southern part of the modern town of Paphos. New Paphos was founded c. 320 bc by Nikokles, king of Old Paphos . Soon afterwards Cyprus came to form part of the Ptolemaic kingdom of Egypt under which it remained throughout the Hellenistic period. New Paphos was vital to the Ptolemys both as a military outpost and as the main port from which Cypriot...

Paphos, Old

Paphos, Old   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
684 words

..., Old [ Palea Paphos ; formerly Paphos ; Med. Covocle ] . Site of an ancient city near the modern village of Kouklia on the south-western coast of Cyprus , c. 45 km west of Limassol , famous for its Sanctuary of Aphrodite. First inhabited in the Chalcolithic period ( c. 3800– c. 2300 bc ), the site was settled by Greek immigrants beginning in the 12th century bc and was capital of the kingdom of Paphos from the 8th century bc to the start of the 3rd, when Cyprus was conquered by the Ptolemies . The foundation in 320 bc of the nearby...

Paphos

Paphos n   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Original Shakespearean Pronunciation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Paphos n 'pafɒs sp Paphos 1 ...

Paphos

Paphos  

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City-kingdom of SW Cyprus. (1) Palaepaphos (mod. Kouklia) built on a bluff near the coast, site of a famous sanctuary of Aphrodite, by tradition born nearby of sea-foam. Alternative cult-founders ...
Old Paphos

Old Paphos  

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Site of an ancient city near the modern village of Kouklia on the south-western coast of Cyprus, c. 45 km west of Limassol, famous for its Sanctuary of Aphrodite. First ...
Elymas

Elymas  

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Religion
Also called Bar‐Jesus; a Jewish sorcerer at Paphos (Acts 13: 6–12). When Elymas tried to dissuade the proconsul of Cyprus from embracing Christianity, Paul caused him to be struck with temporary ...
Marium-Arsinoë

Marium-Arsinoë  

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A city-kingdom of NW Cyprus, near Khrysokhou Bay, possibly founded in the 11th cent. bc, apparently on a virgin site. It marched with Soli (to the east) and Paphos (to ...
deputy

deputy  

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Religion
Used by NRSV in 1 Kgs. 22: 47; ‘viceroy’, REB. Edom is being ruled by an official from Judah's king Jehoshaphat. In Acts 13: 7 the deputy (AV) at Paphos is more accurately described by NRSV as a ...
Ister

Ister  

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(c. 250–200 bc),author, probably from Paphos. He studied under Callimachus (3) of Cyrene at Alexandria (1). He was a contemporary of the biographer Hermippus (2). His work was in ...
Agapenor

Agapenor  

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(Ἀγαπήνωρ), in mythology, leader of the Arcadian contingent against Troy (Iliad 2. 609); son of Ancaeus. On the way back from Troy he arrived at Cyprus (Lycophron 479 ff.), where ...
Paphian

Paphian  

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Of or relating to Paphos, a Cypriot city held to be the birthplace of Aphrodite or Venus and formerly sacred to her; Paphian in literary use can thus mean relating to love and sexual desire, and the ...
Cinyras

Cinyras  

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Legendary king of Cyprus; in Homer's The Iliad: A Commentary 3, he is the donor of Agamemnon's magnificent inlaid corslet (11. 20ff.), and thereafter becomes a byword for wealth (Tyrtaeus ...
Curium

Curium  

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A coastal city of Cyprus, built on a bluff 15 km. (9½ mi.) west of Limassol, near Episkopi, perhaps mentioned on the Esarhaddon prism (673/2 bc)—‘Damasu king of Kuri …’. ...
Laodice

Laodice  

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In mythology, a stock name for women of high rank, meaning ‘princess’ (cf. Creon; Creusa), e.g. (a) a daughter of Priam (see Acamas; Demophon (1), (b) a daughter of Agapenor ...

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