Update

View:

Overview

Panini

Panini is the Americanized version of the Italian word panino, which means little sandwich and refers to a class of sandwiches that became popular in the United States in the ...

panini

panini   Quick reference

The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...has been a problem; increasingly panini is interpreted as singular, and a new plural paninis has been created: ‘Italian sandwiches served on baguettes called paninis’, Nation’s Restaurant News ( 1991...

Panini

Panini   Reference library

Becky Mercuri

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Panini is the Americanized version of the Italian word panino , which means little sandwich and refers to a class of sandwiches that became popular in the United States in the late 1990s. Flavor is key to panini, which are based on high-quality Italian artisan breads like focaccia or ciabatta. The sandwiches are layered, but not overstuffed, with flavorful combinations of cheeses, meats, or roasted vegetables. Various dressings or condiments are added, and the sandwich is pressed and lightly grilled. Panini-style sandwiches are popular in trendy...

Pāṇini

Pāṇini   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
116 words

... Ancient Indian grammarian (probably c .500 bc ), whose rules for Sanskrit , under the title Aṣṭādhya ̄yī (‘eight chapters’), eclipsed the work of his predecessors and became the foundation of linguistics in India. They include a detailed account of morphology and morphophonology , in which the basic structure of the word is clearly set out, and which was to become a model, in the early 19th century, for the comparative analysis of Indo-European by Western scholars. In the 20th century Pāṇini’s descriptive devices, which included the use of ordered...

Pāṇini

Pāṇini   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
47 words

... . Author of Aṣṭādhyāyi , the earliest surviving work on Sanskrit grammar, written at some time between the 7th and 4th cents. bce . The religious importance of grammar lay in the necessity to transmit and interpret sacred and ritual texts correctly, in order to relate adequately to śabda...

Pāṇini

Pāṇini   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
51 words

... ( Dākṣeya ) ( c. 4th century bce ) The author of the Aṣṭādhyāyi , the near-definitive grammar which codified classical Sanskrit in under 4 000 sūtras . Nothing is known about him, although he is reputed to have been born at Śalātura near Gandhāra (straddling parts of modern Afghanistan and...

Pāṇini

Pāṇini (ca. 500 bce)   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
65 words

... , (probably ca. 500 bce ). Ancient Indian grammarian. The importance of his Adhyy ‘Treatise in eight books’, which described the language of his time through a completely formalized set of rules, was such that the works all previous grammarians were lost, and later grammarians dedicated themselves to writing extensive commentaries to his work. See also History of Linguistics , article on Ancient India . Anna Morpurgo...

Pāṇini’s principle

Pāṇini’s principle   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
165 words

...’s principle A principle applying to morphology or morphophonology by which less general rules ( 2 ) are ordered as exceptions to more general. Thus, in English, one rule might derive won as the past tense of win : call this rule a . But rule a could be seen as an exception to another that applies to strong verbs generally, by which e.g. sang derives from sing . Call this rule b ; then if rules like rule a apply first, to a subset of such verbs, rule b will be taken, by this principle, to apply to all the remainder. But rule b is itself an...

Panini, Giovanni Paolo

Panini, Giovanni Paolo   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
127 words

..., Giovanni Paolo (or Giovanni Paolo Pannini ) (or Gianpaolo Panini ) ( b Piacenza, 17 June 1691 ; d Rome, 21 Oct. 1765 ). Italian painter. He trained as a quadraturista and stage designer in Piacenza, then in 1711 settled in Rome, where he became the pre-eminent painter of real and imaginary views of the city. He was the first painter to make a special feature of ruins—an aspect of his work that links him with Hubert Robert and Piranesi —and he also did paintings of public festivities and events of historical importance. Panini taught...

Panini, Giovanni Paolo

Panini, Giovanni Paolo (1691–1765)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
304 words

..., Giovanni Paolo ( Giovanni Paolo Pannini , Gianpaolo Panini ) ( 1691–1765 ). Italian painter, born in Piacenza and trained under the stage designers at Bologna, possibly with one of the Galli-Bibiena family. He settled in Rome in 1711 , where he was for a time the pupil of Benedetto Luti . In 1719–25 he decorated the Villa Patrizi and did several further fresco commissions for cardinals and for Pope Innocent XIII at the Palazzo Quirinale. He also specialized in paintings of public festivities and events of historical importance: the birth of...

Panini (Pannini), Giovanni Paolo (Gianpaolo)

Panini (Pannini), Giovanni Paolo (Gianpaolo)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
208 words

... (Pannini), Giovanni Paolo (Gianpaolo) ( b Piacenza , 17 June 1691 ; d Rome , 21 Oct. 1765 ). Italian painter . He trained as a quadraturista and stage designer in Piacenza, then in 1711 settled in Rome. Initially he worked mainly as a fresco decorator, but he became the pre-eminent painter of real and imaginary views of the city—something of a counterpart to Canaletto in Venice (both of them produced much of their output for visitors making the Grand Tour ). He was the first painter to make a special feature of ruins—an aspect of his work that...

panini

panini   Quick reference

Fowler’s Concise Dictionary of Modern English Usage (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... in Italian is a plural form (just like spaghetti ) as the - i ending shows. In English-speaking culture, the word usually refers to a small flat loaf, often served toasted. Although panini is plural in Italian, it has long been interpreted (since 1985 according to the OED ) as singular in English, with its own plural paninis . By all means, use the precise Italian singular if you are an Italian scholar, but to ask for a panino may sound like pedantry, or worse still, a criticism of the provider’s...

panini

panini   Reference library

Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
120 words

...panini . In Italian this is a plural form (just like spaghetti ) as the - i ending shows. The singular panino in Italian denotes a bread roll, and is the diminutive of pane = bread, loaf. In English-speaking culture, the word usually refers to a small flat loaf, often served toasted. Although panini is plural in Italian, it has long been interpreted (since 1985 according to the OED ) as singular in English, and has its own plural paninis . By all means, use the singular if you are an Italian scholar or like to uphold the racial purity of...

Panini

Panini   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
253 words

... • Annie , ca'canny, canny, cranny, Danny, fanny, granny, nanny, tranny • Ariadne , Evadne • daphne • Agni , Cagney • acne , Arachne, hackney • hootenanny • Afghani , ani, Armani, Azerbaijani, Barney, biriani, blarney, Carney, frangipani, Fulani, Galvani, Giovanni, Hindustani, Killarney, maharani, Mbabane, Modigliani, Omani, Pakistani, Rafsanjani, Rajasthani, rani, sarnie • McCartney • antennae , any, Benny, blenny, Dene, fenny, jenny, Kenny, Kilkenny, Lenny, many, penne, penny, Rennie • catchpenny • pinchpenny • pyrotechny • Bahraini ,...

panini

panini noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
48 words
panini

panini noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
45 words
Panini

Panini   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
42 words
Panini

Panini   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
43 words
Panini

Panini   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
53 words
Panini

Panini  

Panini is the Americanized version of the Italian word panino, which means little sandwich and refers to a class of sandwiches that became popular in the United States in the ...
Pāṇini

Pāṇini  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.4th century bce)The author of the Aṣṭādhyāyi, the near-definitive grammar which codified classical Sanskrit in under 4 000 sūtras. Nothing is known about him, although he is reputed to have been ...

View: