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palladium

A metallic element (Pd) resistant to tarnish and corrosion; it is used in dental alloys with copper, cobalt, silver, or gold for inlays, bridgework, and orthodontic appliances. It is now ...

palladium

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A Dictionary of Chemistry (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Chemistry
Length:
105 words

... (Symbol Pd). A soft white ductile transition element ( see also platinum metals ); a.n. 46; r.a.m. 106.4; r.d. 12.02; m.p. 1552°C; b.p. 3140±1°C. It occurs in some copper and nickel ores and is used in jewellery and as a catalyst for hydrogenation reactions. Chemically, it does not react with oxygen at normal temperatures. It dissolves slowly in hydrochloric acid. Palladium is capable of occluding 900 times its own volume of hydrogen. It forms few simple salts, most compounds being complexes of palladium(II) with some palladium(IV). It was...

Palladium

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Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...hall . The rare metallic element, found associated with platinum and gold, was named palladium in 1803 by its discoverer, William Hyde Wollaston ( 1766–1828 ), from the newly discovered asteroid, Pallas. The London theatre called the Palladium (from 1934 , London Palladium) appears to derive its name from the misapprehension that the ancient Palladium, like the colosseum , was something like a...

Palladium

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
121 words

... Miraculous guardian statues were common in ancient cities, but none was more famous than the Trojan Palladium, a small wooden image of armed Athena . It fell from the sky, and the safety of Troy depended on its possession. Odysseus and Diomedes carried it away, thus enabling the sack of Troy. But in the canonical Roman tradition it was Aeneas who rescued the Palladium and brought it to Lavinium, whence it ultimately reached Rome. In Rome it was kept as a pledge of Rome's fate in the innermost part of Vesta 's temple, where only the chief...

palladium

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A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
52 words

...palladium n. A metallic element (Pd) resistant to tarnish and corrosion ; it is used in dental alloys with copper , cobalt, silver, or gold for inlays , bridgework, and orthodontic appliances . It is now less popular as an alloy because it is more expensive than gold...

palladium

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
80 words

... ( symbol Pd ) Shiny silver-white metallic element of the transition elements . It was discovered ( 1803 ) by the English chemist William Wollaston ( 1766–1828 ). Malleable and ductile, palladium is found in nickel ores associated with platinum, to which it is chemically similar. It does not tarnish or corrode and is used for electroplating, surgical instruments, dentistry, jewellery and in catalytic converters for cars. Properties: at.no. 46; r.a.m. 106.4; r.d. 12.02; m.p. 1,552°C (2,826°F); b.p. 3,140°C (5,684°F); most common isotope Pd 106 ...

Palladium

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Jerzy Linderski

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
366 words

... Miraculous guardian statues were common in ancient cities, but none was more famous than the Trojan Palladium, a small wooden image of armed Athena . It fell from the sky, and the safety of Troy depended on its possession. Odysseus and Diomedes (2) carried it away, thus enabling the sack of Troy (variants of the story in Ov. Fast. 6. 419–60; Dion. Hal. 1. 68–9; Verg. and Serv. Aen. 2. 162–79; Sil. Pun. 13. 36–70). But in the canonical Roman tradition (dating perhaps to the late 4th cent.) it was Aeneas who rescued the Palladium and...

palladium

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The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
83 words

... In Greek mythology, a sacred image of Pallas Athene, sent by Zeus to protect the city of Troy. Its theft made possible the Sack of Troy. Legend says that it was taken after the burning of Troy to Rome, where it was supposed to protect the city, which was, however, sacked by the Goths in 410. Its function was taken over by Christian images—e.g. the Virgin and Child icons of the Hodegetria or the Virgin of Vladimir . See madonna types...

London Palladium (‘The Palladium’)

London Palladium (‘The Palladium’)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
150 words

...Palladium (‘The Palladium’) The best-known theatre in London for popular entertainment, it was opened in 1910 on a site famous for its circus and water spectacles. Designed by Frank Matcham and seating just over 2,300, it soon earned a reputation for variety and, under the direction of George Black , became the home of revue and the Crazy Gang as well. This plush two-tiered auditorium (named ‘London’ in 1934 ) was also host to the annual Christmas Peter Pan show ( 1930–8 ) and after the Second World War it became the venue chosen by major...

Palladium Ballroom

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Claude Conyers

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
310 words

...with Machito's band. Within a year, the Palladium was devoted exclusively to Latin music, and dancers clamored for space on its large dance floor. By 1950, singer-bandleader Tito Rodríguez had joined Machito and Tito Puente as a headliner at the Palladium, and the Mambo craze was in full swing. The “big three” of Latin bands produced hit after hit, including Puente's “Picadillo,” Rodríguez's “Mambo Mona,” and Machito's “Babarabatiri.” Among many other Latin musicians and singers who starred at the Palladium were Arsenio Rodríguez , Celia Cruz , Beny...

Pallā'dium

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The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
209 words

...the Gauls c. 385 bc , was the Palladium, which either arrived eventually at Rome after Aeneas brought it to Lavinium (Diomedes having succeeded in stealing merely a copy) or which was surrendered by Diomedes . When the temple of Vesta caught fire in 241 bc the image was rescued by the pontifex L. Metellus ( see Metelli (1) ) but at the cost of his eyesight. Whatever its origin, it seems clear that such a talismanic object was kept in Rome and was still there in ad 191 according to Herodian (2). For the Palladium at Athens see Erechtheum...

London Palladium

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The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
415 words

...Palladium , in Argyll Street. The first building on this site was a circus which ran successfully from 1871 to 1887 . Its fortunes then declined, and it was reconstructed as a music-hall in three tiers, with a proscenium width of 47 ft., a stage depth of 40 ft., and a revolving stage with three concentric rings. Its seating capacity of 2,325 is the largest of any live theatre in the West End. (The Coliseum , which has more seats, now ranks as an operahouse.) The theatre opened as the Palladium on 26 Dec. 1910 with a variety bill which included...

palladium

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The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... Symbol: Pd See also periodic table ; nuclide...

palladium

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Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...palladium , in literary use, a safeguard or source of protection, rather than the atomic element. Plural palladia. See -um 2 ....

palladium

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
21 words

... 2 metal of the platinum group. XIX. — modL.; so named from the newly discovered asteroid Pallas ; see prec. and -IUM...

palladium

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
33 words

... 1 image of Pallas in the citadel of Troy, on which the safety of the city depended XIV; safeguard, protection XVI. — L. — Gr. palládion , f. Pallás , -ad- epithet of the goddess...

Palladium

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... in Greek legend, an image of the goddess Pallas (Athene), on which the safety of Troy was believed to depend; it was later said to have been taken to...

palladium

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A New Dictionary of Eponyms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
239 words

... , Palladian Pallas Athene , called Pallas Minerva in Latin, perhaps is so named from the spear she brandished. In classical legend, the wooden statue of Pallas , in the citadel of Troy, which was said to have fallen from heaven, preserved the safety of the city. From this notion has come the general meaning of palladium —a safeguard on which anyone or anything can depend. The Trojans knew this legend well. After Odysseus and Diomedes stole the statue, Troy fell. When William Hyde Wollaston , an English physicist, discovered, in 1803 , a rare...

palladium

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
211 words

... • columbium • erbium , terbium, ytterbium • scandium • compendium • palladium , radium, stadium, vanadium • medium , tedium • cryptosporidium , cymbidium, idiom, iridium, rubidium • indium • exordium , Gordium, rutherfordium • odeum , odium, plasmodium, podium, sodium • allium , gallium, pallium, thallium, valium • berkelium , epithelium, helium, nobelium, Sealyham • beryllium , cilium, psyllium, trillium • linoleum , petroleum • thulium • cadmium • epithalamium , prothalamium • freemium , gelsemium, premium • chromium ,...

palladium

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The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
74 words

... noun plural palladia LME Latin (from Greek palladion , from Pallas , Pallad - epithet of the goddess Athena). 1 LME Classical Mythology An image of the goddess Pallas (Athena), in the citadel of Troy, on which the safety of the city was supposed to depend, later reputed to have been taken to Rome. 2 E17 transferred and figurative A thing on which the safety of a nation, institution, etc., is believed to depend; a...

palladium

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
71 words

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