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Palestine

A disputed territory between the River Jordan and the Mediterranean. Early history (before 1914) It was ruled by the Kings of Judah until the expulsion of the Jewish ...

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
487 words

... Territory in the Middle East, on the e shore of the Mediterranean Sea; considered a Holy Land by Jews, Christians and Muslims. Palestine has been settled continuously since 4000 bc . The Jews moved into Palestine from Egypt c .2000 bc but were subjects of the Philistines until c .1020 bc when Saul , David , and Solomon established Hebrew kingdoms. The region was then under Assyrian and, later, Persian control before coming under Roman rule in 63 bc . In succeeding centuries, Palestine became a focus of Christian pilgrimage. Muslim Arabs...

Palestine

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A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
143 words

... , awarded by the League of Nations to Britain as a mandate in 1922 , proved an uncomfortable responsibility. Balfour 's declaration in 1917 tried to square the circle by insisting that Britain would support a national home for the Jewish people while doing nothing to prejudice the position of the non‐Jewish peoples of Palestine. Persistent Jewish immigration provoked fierce Arab resistance. After the war, British control was shaken by economic difficulties, by Zionist terror groups, and by international sympathy towards Jewish settlement. The...

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A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
147 words

... A disputed territory in the Middle East , located between the shores of the eastern Mediterranean Sea and the River Jordan. After the state of Israel was created in 1948, millions of Jews (most from Europe) migrated to Palestine, while many Muslims moved outside Israel’s new borders into adjacent territories. Israel’s existence, never mind its exact boundaries, was immediately contentious, with many Arabs perceiving the new Jewish state as appropriating their territory . Subsequent friction between Israel and its neighbours led to armed conflict and...

Palestine

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
274 words

...in the West Bank and Gaza Strip in 1993–95 ; Gaza has been under the control of the militant organization Hamas since 2007 . In December 2012 the UN General Assembly recognized Palestine as a ‘non-member observer state’ and in April 2015 Palestine became a member of the International Criminal Court. Over 130 countries now recognize the State of Palestine, including, from May 2015 , the...

Palestine

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The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Palestine ( Arabic: Filasṭīn ), and USA ( Canaan ) Palestine has never been the name of a nation or a state, and has never existed as an autonomous entity. However, Palestine, in its long form the State of Palestine (Dawlat Filasṭīn), is a proto-state which aspires to political independence. It is an area between the Mediterranean coast and the River Jordan which was mandated to the UK in 1922–48 ; it is bounded in the north by the Israel–Lebanese border and in the south includes the Negev reaching down to the Gulf of Aqaba. Thus, geographically, it...

Palestine

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J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
173 words

... , awarded by the League of Nations to Britain as a mandate in 1922 , proved an uncomfortable responsibility. Balfour ’s declaration in 1917 tried to square the circle by insisting that Britain would support a national home for the Jewish people while doing nothing to prejudice the position of the non-Jewish peoples of Palestine. Persistent Jewish immigration provoked fierce Arab resistance. The advent of the Nazis to power in Germany in the 1930s gave a strong boost to greater Jewish immigration which, in turn, led to Arab armed resistance....

Palestine

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Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,428 words

...of the Latins in Palestine. In the 14th and 15th cc., when Palestine was in the power of the Mamluks , Pilgrims continued to visit Palestine from all over the Christian world, but the number of those who came from the West had diminished from several thousand to several hundred a year. G. Le Strange , Palestine under the Moslems , Boston, 1890. F.-M. Abel , Géographie de la Palestine , Paris, 1933–1938 (2 vol.; 3rd ed. 1967). A.-S. Marmardji , Textes géographiques arabes sur la Palestine , Paris, 1951. Histoire de la Palestine depuis la conquête...

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A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
46 words

... The non-Jewish name for the land of Israel, so called after the ancient Philistines who lived on the sea coast. Jews normally refer to the land as Eretz Yisrael, ‘Land of Israel’, When the State of Israel was established it shortened the name to...

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Basema Hamarneh

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Ramla. Basema Hamarneh D. Bar , ‘Rural Monasticism as a Key Element in the Christianization of Byzantine Palestine’, HTR 98/1 (2005), 49–65. C. Dauphin , La Palestine byzantine: peuplement et population , 3 vols. (1998). Y. Hirschfeld , ‘Farms and Villages in Byzantine Palestine’, DOP 51 (1997), 33–71. J. Patrich , Studies in Archaeology and History of Caesarea Maritima, Caput Judaeae, Metropolis Palaestina (2011). A. Walmsley , ‘Byzantine Palestine and Arabia: Urban Prosperity in Late Antiquity’, in N. Christie and S. T. Loseby , eds., Towns in...

Palestine

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,916 words
Illustration(s):
1

...The Islamic character of Palestine was disrupted as a result of foreign intervention in the country beginning in the mid-nineteenth century. This intervention was primarily Western and Christian in character and was manifest as the “rediscovery” of Palestine. The rediscovered Palestine was represented to an external Western audience in a variety of media—arts, literature, and theater, as well as religious and increasingly political treatises that were avidly consumed across Europe and North America. The picture of Palestine that was presented, however,...

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,158 words

...since then. A unity government was attempted again in 2011 , but that, too, collapsed. Abbas did succeed in gaining improved diplomatic recognition for Palestine. In 2012 the UN agreed to grant Palestine ‘non-member observer status’ (having rejected full membership the year before), and by 2015 over 130 countries had recognized the ‘State of Palestine’, including the Vatican. In 2015 Palestine became a member of the International Criminal Court. However, Abbas was unable to reverse Hamas control of Gaza (a further unity government collapsed in 2014...

Palestine

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Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,798 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to Palestine. As a result, Jewish violence increased. During and after World War II, Britain dithered in the face of the two competing national movements, but generally punished the Arab leadership. This indecisiveness was exacerbated by European and American guilt regarding the Holocaust. Britain decided to leave Palestine and referred the case to the United Nations ( UN ). The UN General Assembly Resolution 181 of 29 November 1947 suggested the partition of Palestine into two national states. The Jewish state would hold 55 percent of historic Palestine...

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A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,450 words
Illustration(s):
1

...linked to the so-called Islamic State began attacking it and challenging its power base. Abbas did succeed in gaining improved diplomatic recognition for Palestine. In 2012 , the UN agreed to grant Palestine ‘non-member observer status’ (having rejected full membership the year before), and by 2015 , over 130 countries had recognized the ‘State of Palestine’, including the Vatican. In 2015 Palestine became a member of the International Criminal Court . However, Abbas has been unable to reverse Hamas control of Gaza (a further unity government collapsed...

Palestine

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The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,159 words

... . In the twentieth century, the region known as Palestine has been a field of intense conflict between peoples who have laid claim to it as their national home on grounds of long residence and historic and religious associations. Prior to the development of national states in the region after World War I, “Palestine” was not a separate political entity, but the name had long been in use. It was the name of a Roman province, and in the tenth century Arab geographers referred to “Filastin” (the Arabic name for Palestine) as one of the provinces for Syria....

Palestine

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A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
309 words

... The traditional extremity of biblical Palestine was * Dan in the north and * Beersheba in the south (1 Sam. 3: 20), which are about 240 km. (150 miles) apart. There are two inland seas (Sea of * Galilee and the * Dead Sea ) and the River * Jordan joins them, flowing through a deep valley, often flooded. The Sea of Galilee (also known as Gennesaret, or Tiberias) is about 21 km. (13 miles) long by 12.8 km. (8 miles) across, and has an abundant stock of edible fish. But the Dead Sea, much bigger, is in very inhospitable country, below sea level....

Palestine

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,156 words

...religion. The Crusaders held Jerusalem from 1099 to 1187 and maintained a presence in Palestine until they were expelled by the Mamluk rulers of Egypt, under whose rule such cities as Jerusalem and Gaza were embellished with fine buildings ( see Architecture , §VI, C, 1 ). Jerusalem continued to be a focus of patronage under the Ottomans, who controlled Palestine from 1516 to 1918 , when the British invaded the area during World War I. The British Mandate over Palestine, covering the areas on both sides of the Jordan River, was approved by the League of...

Palestine

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
1,724 words

... . Palestine in the mid-nineteenth century was not a specific political entity but rather was part of the Ottoman Empire, which ruled most of the eastern Arab lands and present-day Turkey until its dissolution after World War I. At the end of the war, the area known as Palestine was geographically defined by the postwar settlements and became a League of Nations mandate ruled by Great Britain from 1920 to 1948 . During the mandate period the indigenous Palestinian Arab population increasingly clashed with incoming Zionists from Europe who aimed to...

Palestine

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
25,655 words
Illustration(s):
1

... . [ This entry provides a broad survey of the history of Palestine as known primarily from archaeological discoveries. It is chronologically divided into six articles : Prehistoric Palestine Palestine in the Bronze Age Palestine in the Iron Age Palestine in the Persian through Roman Periods Palestine in the Byzantine Period Palestine in the Islamic Period In addition to the related articles on specific subregions and sites referred to in this entry, see also History of the Field, article on Archaeology in Israel.] Prehistoric Palestine The...

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The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,056 words

... . From the time of the Greek historian Herodotus (fifth century BCE), the term “Palestine” (derived from the word for Philistine ) designated the western tip of the Fertile Crescent, namely, the area on both sides of the Jordan River , limited on the north by the Litani River and Mount Hermon , on the east by the Syrian desert, on the south by the Negeb desert, and on the west by the Mediterranean Sea. It falls into six broad geographical regions: the coastal plain, the Shephelah, the central mountain range, the Judean desert, the Jordan Valley,...

Palestine

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Glenn Robinson

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,078 words

...to the whole of Palestine are often used by political groups opposed to the creation of Israel. The second contemporary geographic meaning of the word refers to the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem, that is, lands occupied by Israel in the 1967 war. These are the territories claimed by the Palestine Liberation Organization for a new state of Palestine. If such a state were to be created, it would consist of about 23 percent of historic Palestine, as defined by Mandatory Palestine. Palestine and Palestinians. While the term “Palestine” is ancient, the...

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