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Pahlavi texts

Subject: Religion

The Zoroastrian sacred book, the Avesta, was translated into the Middle Iranian or Pahlavi language from the no- longer-understood older Avestan language beginning in about 250 c.e. These ...

Pahlavi Texts

Pahlavi Texts   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Texts The Zoroastrian ( see Zoroastrianism ) sacred book, the Avesta ( see Avesta ), was translated into the Middle Iranian or Pahlavi (Parthian) language from the no-longer-understood older Avestan language beginning in about 250 ce . These translations are known as the Pahlavi texts...

Pahlavi texts

Pahlavi texts   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

... texts The Zoroastrian sacred book, the Avesta , was translated into the Middle Iranian or Pahlavi language from the no- longer-understood older Avestan language beginning in about 250 c.e. These translations are known as the Pahlavi texts...

Pahlavi texts

Pahlavi texts  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Zoroastrian sacred book, the Avesta, was translated into the Middle Iranian or Pahlavi language from the no- longer-understood older Avestan language beginning in about 250 c.e. These ...
Religion and Liberty

Religion and Liberty   Reference library

Mehdi Bazargan

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8,567 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...role in the Constitutional Revolution. They helped draft the constitution and participated in the first terms of parliament, and in the ministries of education and justice. But they soon withdrew. In the struggles after September 11, 1941 [the installation of Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi by the British], in the nationalist movement and the nationalization of the oil industry [in 1951], only a handful of religious scholars were enthusiastically engaged. In the wake of the coup d’état of August 19, 1953, and in the activities of the movement of national resistance,...

Pahlavi

Pahlavi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An Aramaic-based writing system used in Persia from the 2nd century bc to the advent of Islam in the 7th century ad. It was also used for the recording of ancient Avestan sacred texts.
Greek papyrology

Greek papyrology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Papyrus, manufactured in Egypt from a marsh plant, Cyperus papyrus (see books, greek and roman), was the most widely used writing material in the Graeco‐Roman world. The object of papyrology is to ...
Pañcatantra

Pañcatantra  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
c.300 ce)A renowned collection of Indian ‘folk’ wisdom. Composed in Sanskrit by (according to the text itself) an ancient brahmin called Viṣṇuśarman, the Pañcatantra consists of five books of ...
Sheyist ne Sheyist

Sheyist ne Sheyist   Reference library

Touraj Daryaee

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...discussing prayer, pilgrimage , and other matters. Touraj Daryaee EncIran (2004) s.n . Šāyest nē-šāyest ( F. Vahman ). ed. (annotated with ET) J. C. Tavadia , Šayast ‐ne ‐šayast: A Pahlavi Text on Religious Customs (1930). ed. K. Mazdāpūr , Šāyast nā Šāyast: matnī bih zabān-i Pārsī-i miyānah (1990). ET E. W. West , Shayāst la-Shayāst , Pahlavi Text part 1 (Sacred Books of the East 5,...

fables, Persian

fables, Persian   Reference library

William Malandra

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...of a Pahlavi translation of the Sanskrit collection of fables, the Pañcatantra , entitled Kalīla wa-Dimna . The preface describes how the King of Persia Khosrow I Anoshirvan (531–78) wished to obtain a copy of the famed Pañcatantra which was said to be scrupulously guarded by the Indian monarch. Khosrow dispatched a learned physician named Barzoe to India to secure, by hook or by crook, a copy of the text. Barzoe accomplished his mission, returning to the Persian Empire with the Pañcatantra , which he translated into Pahlavi. It is not...

Pahlavi

Pahlavi   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
452 words

... The term Pahlavi designates a dialect of south-west Iran , also called Middle Persian, a linguistic state posterior to Alexander's conquest and ending with the Arab conquest in the 7th century. But above all it designates the religious literature that theologians tardily set down in writing in the 9th and 10th cc., whence the oft-used name “book-Pahlavi”. Two sorts of Pahlavi texts can be distinguished: on one hand, translations of Avestan, ritual and legal texts, and the commentaries called Zand ; on the other hand, works bringing together all...

Avesta

Avesta   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... (Pahlavi, ‘original text’) The sacred writings of zoroaster , sometimes called zend-avesta . The present Avesta was compiled under the sassanides , using earlier sources from the time of Zoroaster onwards and adding to them. It essentially consists of: (1) the Yasna, the chief liturgical portion including the Gathas or hymns; (2) the Visp-rat, a lesser liturgical work; (3) the Vendidad, containing the laws, like the Christian pentateuch ; (4) the Yashts, 21 hymns to various gods and ancient heroes; and (5) the Khurda Avesta (Little Avesta),...

herbed

herbed   Reference library

Yuhan Vevaina

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...priest, responsible for the transmission of sacred knowledge to students or disciples ( hāwišt ) in Zoroastrianism . Our primary written source for pedagogical instruction and Zoroastrian education and schools is the Herbedestan (‘Priestly School’), an Avestan–Pahlavi bilingual text. Failures to memorize or recite correctly on the part of disciples were ultimately the responsibility of the teacher in question ( Herbedestan , 14, 5). The length of study with a teacher was typically defined as a year ( Herbedestan , 12, 1). Yuhan Vevaina EncIran XII/3...

Dadistan-e Denig

Dadistan-e Denig   Reference library

Touraj Daryaee

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Dēnīg. Part I: Transcriptions, Translation and Commentary (1998). ET E. W. West , Dadistan-e Denig in Pahlavi Texts , Part 3 (Sacred Books of the East 24, 1885). M. Macuch , ‘Pahlavi Literature’, in R. E. Emmerick and M. Macuch , eds., The Literature of Pre-Islamic Iran , vol. 1 (2009),...

papyri, Pahlavi

papyri, Pahlavi   Reference library

Touraj Daryaee

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...evidence for the character of Middle Persian handwriting in Late Antiquity. Touraj Daryaee EncIran (2005) s.v . Pehlevi Papyri ( D. Weber ), with list of papyri. CII Part III Pahlavi inscriptions , vols. 4–5: Ostraca and Papyri . Portfolio I , ed. J. de Menasce , Ostraca and Papyri (1957). Texts 1, ed. D. Weber , Ostraca, Papyri und Pergamente . Textband 1 (1992). Texts 2, ed. D. Weber , Berliner Papyri, Pergamente und Leinenfragmente in mittelpersischer Sprache ...

education and schools, Zoroastrian

education and schools, Zoroastrian   Reference library

Yuhan Vevaina

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Zoroastrian Our knowledge of religious education and literacy in Zoroastrianism in Late Antiquity is largely derived from the observations of foreign authors and sources, and internally from Middle Persian (Pahlavi) texts like the Herbedestan ( Priestly School or more generally, Religious Education ), an Avestan–Pahlavi bilingual text, which is our primary literary source for priestly education. For example, Strabo alludes to the oral nature of Zoroastrian priestly education: ‘They [the Persians] use as teachers of science their wisest men, who...

Bundahisn

Bundahisn   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
159 words

.... ‘Creation’ in Zoroastrianism , and a text with this title which assumed its final form 9th/10th cents. ce in the Pahlavi language. It starts with the ‘event’ of creation (a Zoroastrian counterpart to Genesis); much of the central section is dedicated to priestly schematic classifications of types of creation (types of mountains, rivers, birds, animals, etc.) and concludes with an account of the end of history ( Frasokereti ). The Zoroastrian cosmology, as expounded in the Bundahisn and other Pahlavi works, encapsulates Zoroastrian belief about God...

andarz literature

andarz literature   Reference library

Oliver Nicholson

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...and 110–16. Kusraw ī Kawādān ud rēdak-ēw : ed. (annotated with ET) J. M. Unvala , The Pahlavi Text ‘King Husrav and his Boy’ (doctoral thesis, Heidelberg, 1921). Chidag Andarz i Poryotkeshan : ed. J. M. Jamasp-Asana , The Pahlavi Texts Contained in the Codex MK II , 41–6. ed. (with ET) M. F. Kanga , Čītak Handarž i Pōryōtkēšān. A Pahlavi Text (1960). ET R. C. Zaehner , The Teachings of the Magi , 20–8. Ayadgar-ī Wuzurgmihr : ed. (with ET) J. C. Tarapore , Pahlavi Andarz Nāmak (1933),...

geographical texts, Persian

geographical texts, Persian   Reference library

Touraj Daryaee

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...short text entitled Abdīhud Sāhagīh ī Sīstān ( Wonders and Magnificence of Sīstān ) which reports the important history of the province of Sagastan in the south-east of the Persian Empire. Touraj Daryaee EncIran (2008) s.n . Šahrestānīhā ī Ērānšahr ( T. Daryaee ). ed. (with ET) T. Daryaee , Šahrestānīhā ī Ērānšahr: A Middle Persian Text on Late Antique Geography, Epic, and History (2002). ed. B. Utas , ‘The Pahlavi Treatise Avdēh u sahīkēh ī sakistān or “Wonders and Magnificence of Sistan”’, ActAntHung 28 (1983), 259–63. M. Macuch , ‘Pahlavi...

Bozorgmihr

Bozorgmihr   Reference library

Arash Zeini

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...(1987) s.n . Aydāgār ī Wuzurgmihr , 127–9 ( S. Shaked ). EncIran V/4 (1991) s.v . chess, i. The history of chess in Persia, 393–397 ( Bo Utas ). Aydāgār ī Wuzurgmihr and Wizārišn ī čatrang : ed. (with ET) J. M. Jamasp-Asana , Corpus of Pahlavi Texts , 2 vols. ( 1897–1913). ed. (with ET) J. C. Tarapore , Pahlavi Andarz Nāmak (1933), 38–57. F. de Blois , Burzōy’s Voyage to India and the Origin of the Book of Kalīlah wa Dimnah ...

Menog-e Xrad

Menog-e Xrad   Reference library

Touraj Daryaee

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Persian text from the Sasanian period, consisting of a prologue and 62 sets of questions asked by Dānāg (meaning ‘wise’) and their answers. These mix secular advice about eating, drinking wine (in moderation), and the disposal of the dead with dualist cosmology and religious precept. There are no references to Arabs or Islam . Touraj Daryaee EncIran VI/5 (1993) s.n . Dādestān-e Mēnōg ī xrad 554–5 ( A. Tafażżolī ). ed. A. Tafaẓẓoli , Mīnū-yi khirad (1364 ah , ad 1975). ET E. W. West , ‘Menog-i-Khrad’, in Pahlavi Texts Part 3 (Sacred...

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