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Oxford English Dictionary

Subject: Literature

The scheme of ‘a completely new English Dictionary’ was conceived in 1858, chiefly as the result of the reading of two papers ‘On some Deficiencies in our English Dictionaries’ by Dr R. C. ...

Oxford English Dictionary

Oxford English Dictionary   Reference library

Susan Brock

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... English Dictionary , commonly known as OED and now in its second edition ( 1986 ). It is constructed on historical principles, using quotations, listed chronologically, to illustrate the various senses of a word, as well as providing etymology, pronunciation, and derivatives. It includes nearly all the vocabulary of important authors from 1590 to 1660 , including Shakespeare. Susan...

Oxford English Dictionary

Oxford English Dictionary   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Language reference, History of English, Linguistics
Length:
1,643 words

...Oxford English Dictionary ( OED ) . The foremost dictionary of the English language, initiated by the Philological Society as The New English Dictionary on Historical Principles ( NED ) and published by Oxford University Press, 1st edition 1928 (12 volumes, with later Supplements), 2nd edition 1989 (20 volumes). Shortly after its founding in 1842 , the Philological Society appointed an ‘unregistered words committee’ to collect English words not listed in existing dictionaries, and its members, Herbert Coleridge , Frederick Furnivall , and ...

Oxford English Dictionary, The

Oxford English Dictionary, The   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
363 words

... English Dictionary, The The scheme of ‘a completely new English Dictionary’ was conceived in 1858 , chiefly as the result of the reading of two papers ‘On some Deficiencies in Our English Dictionaries’ by Richard Trench to the Philological Society in 1857 . Herbert Coleridge ( 1830–61 ), and after him Frederick Furnivall , were the first editors. Their work consisted mainly in the collection of materials, and it was not until James Murray took over in 1878 that the preparation of the dictionary took shape. The first part ( A–Ant ) was published...

Oxford English Dictionary, The

Oxford English Dictionary, The   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
428 words

...that of 1933 , and treating all the vocabulary which came into use while the main dictionary was being published or after its completion. The outcome of this work, entitled A Supplement to the Oxford English Dictionary , contains a record of approximately 120,000 words and is about one‐third of the length of the main dictionary. The second edition, by J. Simpson and E. Weiner , was published in 1989 , and further new material has appeared in the Oxford English Dictionary Additions Series, two volumes in 1993 , and another in 1997 . It is also available...

New [Oxford] English Dictionary

New [Oxford] English Dictionary   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
415 words

... [ Oxford ] English Dictionary In 1857 , Richard Trench presented a paper ‘On Some Deficiencies in Our English Dictionaries’ to the Philological Society of London, initiating a re-examination of the English language. Two decades of interest by the Society resulted in many publications, and the founding of the *Early English Text Society . A dictionary—planned in 1859 to include all English words beginning with early Middle English ( c .1150 ) in four *volumes (6,400 pages)—was to be finished in ten years. The task proved larger and more complex than...

The Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
2,899 words

...Oxford English Dictionary Launched by the Philological Society in 1857 , and named A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles on all its title pages but soon also called the Oxford English Dictionary or OED , the first edition came out in 125 installments from 1884 through 1928 . The finished text ran to 15,487 large quarto pages, three columns to a page, with—the heart of the dictionary—more than 1,800,000 quotations documenting actual usage. Writing in the first installment, the editor James A. H. Murray stated that the dictionary's aim...

Oxford English Dictionary

Oxford English Dictionary   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
80 words
Oxford English Dictionary

Oxford English Dictionary   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
75 words
Oxford English Dictionary

Oxford English Dictionary   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
142 words
Oxford English Dictionary

Oxford English Dictionary  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The scheme of ‘a completely new English Dictionary’ was conceived in 1858, chiefly as the result of the reading of two papers ‘On some Deficiencies in our English Dictionaries’ by Dr R. C. Trench to ...
Place-Names

Place-Names   Quick reference

Margaret Gelling

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,757 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...volumes. By 1922 the study of English place‐names had attracted the attention of Swedish philologists, and their contributions, particularly those of Eilert Ekwall , were of the utmost importance in the development of the subject. From 1922 up to the period of the Second World War the study took two main forms: the production of an annual English Place‐Name Society regional volume, and the publication of Ekwall's great dictionaries The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place‐Names ( 1935 , 4th edn, 1960 ) and English River‐Names ( 1928 ). There...

Language

Language   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Samuel *Johnson 's Dictionary of the English Language ( 1755 ). Johnson's use of literary illustrations implied that a native English tradition should determine correct usage. In practice these authorities were mainly drawn from the literature of the previous century, a third of them from the works of * Shakespeare , * Milton , and Dryden alone, which Johnson regarded as ‘the wells of English undefiled’. Where the French academies attempted to regulate language by means of rational principles, Johnson conformed to ‘the spirit of English liberty’ by...

Surnames

Surnames   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,649 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...connection with others who spell their name differently are mistaken. British and Irish scholars lead the field in the study of the etymology of surnames; see P. H. Reaney , The Origins of English Surnames ( 1967 ), P. H. Reaney and R. M. Wilson , A Dictionary of English Surnames (3rd rev. edn, 1997 ), Patrick Hanks and Flavia Hodges , The Oxford Dictionary of Surnames ( 1988 ), Edward MacLysaght , The Surnames of Ireland (6th edn, 1989 ), Robert Bell , The Book of Ulster Surnames ( 1988 ), George F. Black , The Surnames of Scotland:...

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...about human wants and his eye for the grotesque. Also in 1785 , the year after the death of Johnson, whose great Dictionary ( 1755 ) enshrined the resources of the written language and of educated speech, Grose issued his account of informal English, the Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue . The first edition contained 3,000 words, the third ( 1796 ) 4,000. Like its French model, Le Roux 's Satirical and Burlesque Dictionary ( 1718 ), the book contains offensive words and insults directed at unpopular groups, such as the higher clergy,...

20a The History of the Book in Britain, c.1475–1800

20a The History of the Book in Britain, c.1475–1800   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,011 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...publishing enterprises in the English university towns. *Rood began printing at Oxford in 1481 and *Siberch commenced work at Cambridge in 1519 ; neither venture was particularly successful. In the 1580s , Joseph Barnes and Thomas *Thomas carried out some printing at, respectively, Oxford and Cambridge, but it was not until the late 17 th century in Oxford and the very early 18 th century in Cambridge that the university presses were established in something approximating their modern form. At Oxford, the key figure was the vice-chancellor...

Domestic Buildings

Domestic Buildings   Quick reference

Malcolm Airs

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,135 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...site. Housing of any status was often designed by professional architects, and biographical dictionaries provide the basic information on their lives and works. John Harvey , English Mediaeval Architects (rev. edn, 1984 ; suppl., 1987 ), covers the period to 1550 , and Sir Howard Colvin deals with the period from 1600 to 1840 in his Biographical Dictionary of British Architects (new edn, 2008 ). For Ireland there is Rolf Loeber, A Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Ireland, 1600–1720 ( 1981 ), and the architects of the Victorian period are...

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,044 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...the Madras presidency—would take precedence over mission work. Soon the SPCK acquired its own press: the English war booty was returned to Fort St George, where it was renamed the Government Press, while the Vepery Press now became the SPCK Press. It was on this press that Fabricius printed his famous Tamil–English dictionary in 1779 . In 1793 the Press produced a Tamil translation of The * Pilgrim’s Progress : this was a bilingual edition, with English on the left and Tamil on the right side of every page. In many ways the fortunes of the Pondicherry press...

44 The History of the Book in Australia

44 The History of the Book in Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,048 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...university presses seemed intent on outdoing each other with guides and companions to all aspects of Australian history and culture. Oxford argued, with some justification, that the Australian edition of its Concise English Dictionary was a more genuine Australian production than its locally named but American-sponsored competitor the Macquarie Dictionary . Cambridge picked up the Encyclopedia of Melbourne ( 2005 ) when it was abandoned by Melbourne University Press. The small publisher Currency matched the academic presses with its Companion to the...

37 The History of the Book in Sub-Saharan Africa

37 The History of the Book in Sub-Saharan Africa   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,157 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...translations of Shakespeare into Setswana. Scottish missionaries at Chumi and, especially, Lovedale, in the eastern Cape Colony, effectively directed early isiXhosa-language written and printed culture, publishing a *primer ( 1823 ), Sytematic Vocabulary ( 1825 ), English–isiXhosa *Dictionary ( 1846 ), isiXhosa Bible ( 1857 ), and Tiyo Soga’s translation of The Pilgrim’s Progress ( 1867 ). The Wesleyan Missionary Press in Grahamstown also facilitated important early isiXhosa publications, including a grammar ( 1834 ) and journal, Umshumaydi Wendaba ...

Labour History

Labour History   Quick reference

John L. Halstead

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,401 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the Working Class , i: An Annotated Critical Biography, 1790–1900 (1984) , ii: 1900–1945 ( 1987 ), iii: A Supplement to the Annotated Critical Biography, 1790–1945 ( 1989 ). As to biography, G. D. H. Cole conceived the idea of a Dictionary of Labour Biography as an alternative to the Dictionary of National Biography . The idea was carried forward after Cole's death by John Saville . He produced ten volumes ( 1972–2000 ) with his co‐editor Joyce Bellamy and the considerable assistance of David Martin , before passing the project on to a...

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