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Oswald Spengler

Subject: Literature

(1880–1936) German philosopher of history. Spengler was educated at the universities of Munich, Berlin, and Halle, completing in 1904 a PhD thesis on Heraclitus. He ...

Spengler, Oswald

Spengler, Oswald (1880–1936)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
173 words

..., Oswald ( 1880–1936 ) German historian and philosopher of history . Spengler was educated at various universities, and gained his doctorate with a thesis on Heraclitus . His fame depends entirely on Der Untergang des Abendlandes ( 1918 , trs. as The Decline of the West , 1932 ), whose oracular pessimism captured the mood of Germany after the First World War. Spengler saw history not as a linear progression, but as the flowering of a number (either nine or ten) of self-contained cultures, each with a characteristic spiritual tone, or...

Spengler, Oswald

Spengler, Oswald (1880–1936)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
697 words

..., Oswald ( 1880–1936 ), German historian and political theorist, author of the two‐volume The Decline of the West (Der Untergang des Abendlandes , 1918 , 1922 ). Though not a semiotician in any strict sense, Spengler is noteworthy for attempting in The Decline of the West , which was subtitled “Sketch Toward a Morphology of History,” to give a totalizing account of world history based on morphological principles. Spengler was born in Blankenburg in the Harz Mountains. Trained as a mathematician, he gave up a Realgymnasium teaching position to become...

Spengler, Oswald

Spengler, Oswald (1880–1936)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
214 words

..., Oswald ( 1880–1936 ) German philosopher of history. Spengler was educated at the universities of Munich, Berlin, and Halle, completing in 1904 a PhD thesis on Heraclitus. He worked as a grammar-school teacher until 1911 , when he devoted himself full-time to his own writings. His famous work Der Untergang des Abendlandes (2 vols, 1918–22 ; translated as The Decline of the West , 1926–28 ), appearing at the end of World War I, appeared highly relevant to Spengler's contemporaries. He spoke of the inevitable decline of all previous...

Spengler, Oswald

Spengler, Oswald (1880–1936)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
140 words

..., Oswald ( 1880–1936 ) Started his adult life as a schoolteacher but a small inheritance allowed him to live independently. His most famous work Decline of the West (1919) owed a great deal to the earlier arguments of the Russian cultural theorist Nikolai Danilevsky . Spengler argued that all civilizations followed a similar lifecycle of birth, maturity, and death. Human history, then, shows a sequence of cultures following each other as each reaches the end of its natural life and is overtaken by another. He saw himself living in the period of...

Spengler, Oswald

Spengler, Oswald (1880–1936)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
301 words

..., Oswald (Blankenburg, 1880–1936 , Munich), a historical philosopher, moved after a brief career as a teacher in Hamburg ( 1908–11 ) to Munich, where he spent the rest of his life as a writer and private scholar. He is chiefly known for Der Untergang des Abendlandes (2 vols., 1918–22 , reissued 1969 ), which has affinities to attitudes associated with fin de siècle . Spengler prophesied the decline of the Western world and the corresponding rise of Asiatic and African powers. He was influenced in his theory of the history of civilization by J. G. ...

Oswald Spengler

Oswald Spengler (1880–1936)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
32 words

...0Oswald Oswald Spengler 1880 – 1936 German historian Socialism is nothing but the capitalism of the working class. The Hour of Decision (1933) capitalism of the working class capitalism of the working...

Oswald Spengler

Oswald Spengler (1880–1936)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
71 words

...0Oswald Oswald Spengler 1880 – 1936 German philosopher . In his book The Decline of the West (1918–22) he argues that civilizations undergo a seasonal cycle of a thousand years and are subject to growth and decay analogous to biological species Socialism is nothing but the capitalism of the lower classes. The Hour of Decision (1933) socialism nothing but capitalism capitalism of lower classes capitalism of lower classes capitalism of lower ...

Spengler, Oswald

Spengler, Oswald   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
52 words
Spengler, Oswald

Spengler, Oswald   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
53 words
Spengler, Oswald

Spengler, Oswald   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
49 words
Oswald Spengler

Oswald Spengler  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1880–1936)German philosopher of history.Spengler was educated at the universities of Munich, Berlin, and Halle, completing in 1904 a PhD thesis on Heraclitus. He worked as a grammar-school teacher ...
Spenglerism

Spenglerism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The philosophy of the German philosopher Oswald Spengler (1880–1936), who in his book The Decline of the West (1918–22) argues that civilizations undergo a seasonal cycle of a thousand years and are ...
World History and the Work of Arnold Toynbee

World History and the Work of Arnold Toynbee  

Writing world history is as old as Herodotus, but its development as a modern form dates from responses to World War I by H. G. Wells, Oswald Spengler, and Arnold ...
Georg Henrik von Wright

Georg Henrik von Wright  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1916–2003)Finnish philosopher and successor of Wittgenstein in his chair in Cambridge. Von Wright was born in Helsinki, and attended the university there. Attracted to logical positivism, he visited ...
Philosophy of History

Philosophy of History  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Reflection upon the nature of history, or of historical thinking. The term was used in the 18th century (e.g. by Voltaire) to mean critical historical thinking, as opposed to the mere collection and ...
Arnold Toynbee

Arnold Toynbee  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1889–1975),historian. His great work A Study of History (10 vols, 1934–54) is a survey of the chief civilizations of the world, and an enquiry into cycles of creativity and decay. His view that the ...
morphology

morphology  

1. (linguistics) The study of the internal structure of words: see also morpheme; compare syntax.2. More generally, the study of the forms of things, as in Propp's Morphology of the Folktale (1928): ...
Blish, James

Blish, James (1921–75)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
66 words

...James ( 1921–75 ) American author. His ‘Cities in Flight’ sequence (collected 1970 ) explores the theories of cyclic history of the historian and philosopher Oswald Spengler ( 1880–1936 ). A Case of Conscience ( 1958 ) considers the implications for religious belief of the discovery of apparently sinless aliens. Doctor Mirabilis ( 1964 ) is a historical novel featuring the 13th‐century theologian/scientist Roger Bacon...

Blish, James

Blish, James (1921–75)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
102 words

...James ( 1921–75 ) American author , born in New Jersey, later resident in the UK. Stories and novels published from 1950 and collected ( 1970 ) as the ‘Cities in Flight’ sequence explore the theories of cyclic history of the historian and philosopher Oswald Spengler ( 1880–1936 ). A Case of Conscience ( 1958 ) considers the implications for religious belief of the discovery of apparently sinless aliens. Doctor Mirabilis ( 1964 ) is a historical novel featuring the 13th‐century theologian/scientist Roger Bacon . Blish's fanzine columns as...

morphology

morphology   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
663 words

...dissemination of biological theories in works such as D'Arcy Thompson's On Growth and Form ( 1917 ), as well as to Oswald Spengler's influential account of “Morphology of History” in The Decline of the West ( 1918–1922 ), which attempted to conceive of the totality of world history in terms of recurrent organic patterns. Carol O. Sauer's “Morphology of Landscape” ( 1926 ) founded the study of geography in America by applying Spengler's method to the study of landforms. Vladimir Propp , in Morphology of the Folktale ( 1928 ), a key text of the...

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