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Orphism

Subject: Literature

Esoteric current in European Romanticism, which views poetry as an act of pure creativity that exploits the analogies that bind the material and spiritual universes. In discussions of ...

Orphism

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The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
46 words

... Mystical Greek religious and philosophical cult derived from the myth of Orpheus and the so-called ‘Orphic literature’. It involved stories of creation, reincarnation, and punishment after death, and had a large influence on Pythagoras and Plato . The mysteries of Eleusis were the initiation into Orphism...

Orphism

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
110 words

... A lyrical movement in French painting that developed c .1912 from the relative austerity of Cubism and placed much greater emphasis upon colour. The term was first used by the poet Guillaume Apollinaire and derived from Orpheus, the singer and poet of Greek mythology. The painters mentioned as practitioners of Orphism by Apollinaire were Robert Delaunay , Fernand Léger , Francis Picabia , and Marcel Duchamp . František Kupka (the most important figure omitted by Apollinaire) and Delaunay claimed an analogy between abstraction and music in their...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
169 words

... (or Orphic Cubism ) . Terms coined by Apollinaire to describe a type of painting—a development from Cubism —practised by Robert Delaunay and some of his associates between 1911 and the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 . The reference to Orpheus , the singer and poet of Greek mythology, reflected the desire of the artists involved to bring a new element of lyricism and colour into the austere intellectual Cubism of Picasso , Braque , and Gris . Apart from Delaunay , the artists whom Apollinaire mentioned as practitioners of Orphism...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
171 words

... ( Orphic Cubism ) Terms coined by Apollinaire to characterize a type of painting—a development from Cubism —practised by Robert Delaunay and some of his associates between 1911 and the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 . The reference to Orpheus, the singer and poet of Greek mythology, reflected the desire of the artists involved to bring a new element of lyricism and colour into the austere intellectual Cubism of Picasso , Braque , and Gris . Apart from Delaunay, the artists whom Apollinaire mentioned as practitioners of Orphism were...

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The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
58 words

... . Esoteric current in European Romanticism , which views poetry as an act of pure creativity that exploits the analogies that bind the material and spiritual universes. In discussions of modern Italian poetry, particularly hermetic poetry, the term is often used to indicate language treated as an absolute value, that is, purely lyrical language, without documentary residue. [ Spencer Pearce...

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The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
193 words

...described Orphism as non-representational colour abstraction in which new structures were created entirely from the artist's imagination, without reference to the ‘visual sphere’. In 1912 Delaunay had begun his series of abstract Simultaneous Discs and Circular Rhythms , showing interpenetrating and revolving areas of pure colour which constituted colour structures in their own right. Although it was short-lived, Orphism was the first movement devoted explicitly to non-representational colour abstraction. Oliver Parfitt Spate, V. , Orphism ...

orphism

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
53 words

... ( orphic cubism ) Term invented in 1912 by Apollinaire to describe a new art form combining elements of cubism , futurism and fauvism . The style was first associated with the work of Delaunay , and its other exponents exerted considerable influence in Germany through the works of Klee and Kandinsky . See also Blaue...

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
65 words

... is basically Orphic literature; it comprised, besides the dominant theogonical and eschatological poems , ritualistic texts, hymns sung in ritual, and prescriptions about specific initiation and other rites. They were used by two sets of people, followers of Bacchic mystery groups , and individual ritual specialists, the itinerant Orpheotelests. The specialists used rituals to heal demonic possession, to harm by magic , and to realize eschatological...

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A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
339 words

...1912 . (Previously the word ‘Orphic’ had been used by the Symbolists .) Apart from Delaunay, the artists whom Apollinaire mentioned as practitioners of Orphism were Marcel Duchamp , Fernand Léger , and Francis Picabia (all members of the Section d'Or), but František Kupka , another member of their circle, was in fact closer in style to Delaunay than these three. Apollinaire described Orphism as ‘the art of painting new structures with elements that have not been borrowed from the visual sphere, but have been created entirely by the artist himself,...

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The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

... In Greece , Orphism, named after its traditional founder, Orpheus , was more a philosophy than a religion, stressing a movement in the world from cosmic order, represented mythologically by an original primordial egg, to a gradually developing disorder. The possibility of reintegration is represented by an Orphic version of Dionysos , a god who is dismembered and eaten by Titans as a baby, only to be returned to life under the care of Persephone and/or Demeter . It should be noted that Orpheus, after being dismembered by Thracian women, was said...

Orphism

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The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
122 words

... was the name used by Apollinaire in 1913 of a group of painters (notably Robert Delaunay but also Léger , Picabia , Duchamp ) whose assimilation of Fauvist colour and Cubist fragmentation of objects led them in the direction of non‐figurative art. Delaunay, however, described his Eiffel Tower and Windows series ( 1909–12 , 1912–13 ), Ville de Paris ( 1910–12 ), and Disque (the first French non‐figurative painting, 1912 ) as simultaneist paintings, a word which also expressed the wider ambition to give formal structure to the...

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Fritz Graf

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
865 words

...( see cabiri ; samothrace ) from the Orphica; this opened the way to assimilate Orphic literature to Pythagoreanism and to see Orphism as a religious movement on its own, beginning in the late archaic age and combining ideas from Dionysian mysteries and Pythagorean philosophy. Formulated by E. Rohde ( Psyche , 1894 ) and refined, among others, by M. P. Nilsson , A.-J. Festugière , and W. K. C. Guthrie , the concept of Orphism as a religious movement and part of a wider mystic and ascetic movement of late archaic Greece, or even as ‘Orphic religion’,...

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,166 words

...healing, and the use in rituals of poems ascribed to Orpheus. The term “Orphism” refers collectively to these phenomena. The internal coherence and unity of “Orphism,” as well as whether there is any doctrinal or ritual element that would constitute the core or essence of it, have been hotly debated since the second half of the nineteenth century. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, scholars like Ernst Maas , Vittorio Macchioro , and W. K. C. Guthrie presented Orphism as a unified movement with communities and a fixed set of doctrines. In...

Orphism

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Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... . A movement in painting started by Robert Delaunay ( 1885–1941 ) as a development from Cubism and characterized by patches and swirls of intense and contrasting colours. The name, given by the poet Guillaume Apollinaire in 1912 , alludes to the poetry of the mythological Greek poet Orpheus. Artists associated with the movement apart from Delaunay include Marcel Duchamp ( 1887–1968 ), František Kupka ( 1871–1957 ), Fernand Léger ( 1881–1955 ) and Francis Picabia ( 1879–1953 ). See also Cubism ; Dadaism ; Fauvism ; Futurism ; ...

Orphism

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The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
61 words
Orphism

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
117 words
Orphism

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
121 words
Orphism

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The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
115 words
Orphism

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Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
151 words
Orphism

Orphism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Esoteric current in European Romanticism, which views poetry as an act of pure creativity that exploits the analogies that bind the material and spiritual universes. In discussions of modern Italian ...

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