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Origenism

Subject: Religion

The group of theories enunciated by, or attributed to, Origen. Among his earliest opponents was Methodius of Olympus, who rejected his teaching on the pre-existence of souls and his denial ...

Origen

Origen (c.254)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
91 words

... (d. c .254 ) Philosopher , theologian , biblical scholar . Origen left Alexandria in 231 , settling in Caesarea, where he continued to teach, write, and produce the Hexapla Bible. Many of his works survive only in fragments. His most important works include De Principiis and Contra Celsum . See also philosophy, byzantine ; neoplatonism ; theology, byzantine / western . R. Scott Moore E. A. Clark , The Origenist Controversy (1992). Contra Celsum , ed. and tr. H. Chadwick ( 2 1980). A. Grafton and M. Williams , Christianity and the...

Origen

Origen (c. 185–253 CE)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
838 words

...Origen became a teacher and then the head of a Christian school in Alexandria. Other information stems from one of his students, who is usually identified as Gregory the Wonderworker (c. 213–270). Gregory wrote a Panegyric on Origen and may have been the link between Origen and the later Cappadocians, such as Gregory of Nyssa, Gregory of Nazianzen, and Basil the Great. Eusebius mentioned that Origen traveled to many places in the Roman Empire, not only to the major capitals, such as Rome, Athens, and Antioch, but also to Arabia and Palestine. He became a...

Origen

Origen (184/185 –254/255)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
888 words

... ( 184/185 –254/255 ), Christian theologian . Origen was one of the most influential of all Christian theologians, in spite of being considered a heretic for centuries. Most of the information on Origen's life comes from book six of Eusebius’ Historia ecclesiastica (Ecclesiastical History) and from Gregory Thaumaturgus’ Oratio panegyrica (Panegyric on Origen). Gregory was a student and an important liaison between Origen and the Cappadocians. Eusebius reports that Origen was brought up in a Christian household in Alexandria but that he received a...

Origen

Origen   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
1,435 words

... Many consider Origen (c. 185–254 c.e. ) (Origenes Adamantius) an African theologian because he was born in Alexandria, Egypt, into a Christian family of seven children. His father, Leonides, was beheaded and he died as a martyr in Alexandria during the persecution of Christians ordered by the Emperor Severus. Leonides taught Greek and the Bible to Origen. Following the death of his father, Origen started a school of rhetoric where he taught grammar to support his family. Later Bishop Demetrius invited Origen to teach at the famous catechetical school of...

Origen

Origen (c.185–c.254)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
239 words

...tortured in the persecution of Decius in 250 . Origen's works are mostly preserved in fragments and translations, owing to their great length (e.g. his Hexapla ) and the later condemnations of his views. Origen wrote commentaries and homilies on much of the Bible; theological treatises, nearly all of which are lost except On First Principles ; a defence of Christianity Against Celsus ; and On Prayer and Exhortation to Martyrdom . The term Origenism refers to the views of (or at least attributed to) Origen which gave rise to two later controversies....

Origen

Origen (184/5–253/5)   Reference library

Sophie Lunn-Rockliffe

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Cultural Construction of an Early Christian Debate (1992). H. Crouzel , Origen , tr. A. S. Worrall (2000; French original 1985). H. Crouzel , Bibliographie critique d’Origène and supplements 1 and 2 (1971, 1982, 1996). R. Heine , Origen: Scholarship in Service of the Church (2010). R. Lyman , ‘Origen’, in Foster, Early Christian Thinkers , 111–26. J. McGuckin , The Westminster Handbook to Origen (2004). P. Nautin , Origène: sa vie et son œuvre (1977). J. W. Trigg , Origen ...

Origen

Origen (185)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
499 words

... (᾽Ωριγένης), surnamed Adamantios , theologian; born Alexandria? ca. 185 , died Tyre? probably 254. A professor of the Alexandrian School from ca. 202 , he was excommunicated in 231/2 but found refuge in Caesarea Maritima, where he continued his teaching career. His traditional identification with the Neoplatonist Origen, a disciple of Ammonios , is not valid (K.O. Weber, Origenes der Neuplatoniker [Munich 1962 ]). Origen was a very prolific writer ( Jerome claims that Origen produced 2,000 works), but because of the later condemnation of his...

Origen

Origen (184/5–c.253/4)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
97 words

... ( c. 184/5– c. 253/4 ) A great Christian theologian and biblical critic in the Alexandrian school, and compiler of the famous Hexapla versions of the Old Testament. He studied under Ammonius, sometimes regarded as the founder of Neoplatonism , and he is of great importance as the introducer of Neoplatonic elements into Christianity. His Principles , which were rejected by church orthodoxy, were translated by St Jerome and quoted by St Bernard , and he influenced the allegorical method of literary criticism developed by St Augustine . See Jean Daniélou...

Origen

Origen (c.185–c.254)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
177 words

... ( c .185– c .254 ) Early Christian theologian . Origen produced an elaborate edition of the Old Testament, the Hexapla , in which the Hebrew, the Hebrew transliterated into Greek, and four Greek versions are presented side by side. His work De Principiis covered a range of topics from the point of view of reconciling the philosophy of Plato with Christianity (it is usually thought that Origen the Platonist and Origen the Christian, sometimes distinguished, were one person). He favoured an allegorical approach to the Bible, and defended the...

Origen

Origen (2)   Reference library

Anne D. R. Sheppard

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
125 words

... (2) ( RE 4), Platonist philosopher ( see neoplatonism ), 3rd cent. ad . Like his Christian namesake and contemporary, he is said to have studied under Ammonius (2) Saccas , but it is generally agreed that the two Origens were different people. The pagan wrote only two works, both now lost, On the Demons and That the King Is the Only Creator (Porph. Plot. 3 ); the latter title probably refers to his refusal to distinguish the Creator from the Supreme God as Numenius and Plotinus did (Procl. Theol. Plat. 2.4). R. T. Wallis , Neoplatonism ...

Origen

Origen   Quick reference

Henry Chadwick and Mark Julian Edwards

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
838 words

...Jerusalem. Demetrius , who had not given his consent, took offence at this and perhaps also at parts of Origen's teaching. On obscure grounds, Origen was banished from Alexandria and deposed from the presbyterate, but the decision was ignored in Palestine, and Origen settled at Caesarea in 231 . He continued his labours until, after repeated torture in the Decian persecution ( 250–1 ), his health gave way and he died at Tyre at the age of 69. Origen's works were voluminous and of wide scope, but only a fraction has survived. He was a pioneer in textual...

Origen

Origen (c.185–c.254)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
403 words

...him of his chair and deposed him from the priesthood. Origen went to Caesarea ( 231 ) , where he established a school which became famous. In 250, in the Decian persecution, he was imprisoned and tortured. Origen wrote much, but many of his works have perished and most of the others survive only in fragments or in Latin translation. His main work on biblical criticism was his ‘ Hexapla ’ (q.v.). He also wrote commentaries on most Books of the Bible and many homilies. The original Greek of some of these was recovered in the 20th cent. His chief...

Origen

Origen   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
261 words

... Jerusalem . Demetrius , who had not given his consent, took offence at this and perhaps also at parts of Origen's teaching. On obscure grounds, Origen was banished from Alexandria and deposed from the presbyterate, but the decision was ignored in Palestine, and Origen settled at Caesarea in 231 . He continued his labours until, after repeated torture in the Decian persecution ( 250–1 ), his health gave way and he died at Tyre at the age of 69. Origen's works were voluminous and of wide scope, but only a fraction has survived. He was a pioneer in textual...

Origen

Origen (c.185)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
506 words

... , Origenism ( c. 185 – c. 253 / 254 ) Born probably at Alexandria , the son of a martyr , Origen was the first great ecclesiastical writer of Christian Antiquity. While still very young, Bishop Demetrius of Alexandria appointed him director of the catechetical school. While he was teaching philosophy, speculative theology and scriptural exegesis there, he continued to be instructed by Ammonius Saccas , a famous neoplatonist philosopher of the time. He led an ascetic life and even mutilated himself, taking the text of the gospel literally (Mt 19,...

Origen

Origen (185–254 ce)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
152 words

... ( 185–254 ce ) Theologian , born in Alexandria and imprisoned during the persecution of Decius ( 250 ce ). Origen was a prolific writer but attracted opposition for his belief that all creatures will ultimately be saved. He was first and foremost a biblical scholar and wrote commentaries on Matthew, Luke, and Romans, and on other books, but these works have not survived. He held that scripture was to be understood under three senses: literal, moral, and allegorical. He wrote a reply to one of the most perceptive pagan opponents of Christianity Against...

Origen

Origen (1)((Origenes Adamantius))   Reference library

Henry Chadwick and Mark Julian Edwards

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,045 words

...Demetrius, who had not given his consent, took offence at this and perhaps also at parts of Origen's teaching. On obscure grounds, Origen was banished from Alexandria and deposed from the presbyterate, but the decision was ignored in Palestine, and Origen settled at Caesarea in 231 . He continued his labours until, after repeated torture in the Decian persecution ( 250–1 ; see messius ), his health gave way and he died at Tyre at the age of 69. Origen's works were voluminous and of wide scope, but only a fraction has survived. He was a pioneer in...

Origen

Origen   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...1990. Ulrich, E. “The Relevance of the Dead Sea Scrolls for Hexaplaric Studies.” In Origen's Hexapla and Fragments , edited by A. Salvesen . Tübingen, 1997. Ulrich, E. “Origen's Old Testament Text: The Transmission History of the Septuagint to the Third Century, c.e. ” In Origen of Alexandria: His World and His Legacy , edited by C. Kannengiesser and W. L. Petersen , pp. 3–33. 1988. Wright, J. “Origin in the Scholar's Den: A Rationale for the Hexapla.” In Origen of Alexandria: His World and His Legacy , edited by C. Kannengiesser and W. L....

Origen

Origen (185–c. 254)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,153 words

...the Father. The point of departure of Origen's doctrinal teaching was faith in the unity of God, who is altogether transcendent. This unity in its fullest form is understood of God the Father. But the threefold nature of the godhead is also affirmed. The Son is eternally generated from the Father and manifests all His attributes. The Holy Spirit is also eternal, though His role in Origen's scheme of thought is far from clear and Origen is uncertain about His nature and His relation to the Father and to the Son. Origen's philosophical presuppositions ensure...

Origen, Ps.-

Origen, Ps.- (5th cent.)   Reference library

Sophie Lunn-Rockliffe

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., Ps.- ( 5th cent. ) Author of a Latin Arian Commentary on Job transmitted under Origen ’s name. Sophie Lunn-Rockliffe PG 17.371–522, reprinting C. de la Rue (1733). L. Dossey , ‘The Last Days of Vandal Africa: An Arian Commentary on Job and its Historical Context’, JTS ns 54/1 (2003),...

O'rigen

O'rigen (ad c.185–c.254)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
182 words

... ( Ōrigenēs ) ( ad c. 185– c. 254 , born of Christian parents at Alexandria) The successor of Clement as head of the Christian (catechetical) school of Alexandria, the first great scholar among the Greek Fathers of the Church. In 231 he settled in Caesarea in Palestine. He was a pioneer in the textual criticism of the Bible, and is chiefly famous for his Hexapla , an edition of the Old Testament containing in six parallel columns the Hebrew text, the same transliterated into Greek letters, the Septuagint , a revision of the Septuagint, and two...

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