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Opoyaz

Russian acronym created from Obschevesto po izucheniyu poeticheskogo yazyka (Society for the Study of Poetic Language), which along with the Moscow Linguistic Circle was one of the ...

Opoyaz

Opoyaz   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Russian acronym created from Obschevesto po izucheniyu poeticheskogo yazyka (Society for the Study of Poetic Language), which along with the Moscow Linguistic Circle was one of the precursor groups to Russian Formalism . The group was formed in St Petersburg, Russia, in 1916 , by a group of students and professors working in language studies. It was chaired by the poet Osip Brik and its membership included Victor Shklovsky , Boris Eichenbaum , and Roman Jakobson . The group was interested in uncovering the working mechanisms of literary technique...

Opoyaz

Opoyaz  

Russian acronym created from Obschevesto po izucheniyu poeticheskogo yazyka (Society for the Study of Poetic Language), which along with the Moscow Linguistic Circle was one of the precursor groups ...
Moscow Linguistic Circle

Moscow Linguistic Circle  

Discussion group founded by Roman Jakobson for the purpose of investigating the poetic function of language which, together with the St Petersburg-based Opoyaz, formed the core of Russian Formalism. ...
Prague Linguistic Circle

Prague Linguistic Circle  

A discussion group founded in 1926 by a small group of Czech and expatriate Russian linguists, for the purpose of analysing the poetic function of language. The group was chaired by renowned linguist ...
Viktor Shklovsky

Viktor Shklovsky  

(1893–1984)Russianliterary theorist and founder of Opoyaz, one of the two groups (the other was the Moscow Linguistic Circle) which combined to give rise to Russian Formalism. Born in St Petersburg, ...
Moscow Linguistic Circle

Moscow Linguistic Circle   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Linguistic Circle Discussion group founded by Roman Jakobson for the purpose of investigating the poetic function of language which, together with the St Petersburg-based Opoyaz , formed the core of Russian Formalism . Its membership included such key figures as Victor Shklovsky and Yuri Tynyanov , who would both also play a major part in advancing the theoretical development of Russian Formalism. The group sought to connect poetics and linguistics to show you could not properly understand one in the absence of the other. Further Reading: T....

Prague Linguistic Circle

Prague Linguistic Circle   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...As a crucial precursor to structuralism , the group worked through a number of ideas taken from Saussure , and created the first effective form of a structuralist linguistics (characterized by a pronounced interest in langue rather than parole ). As with its predecessors, Opoyaz and the Moscow Linguistic Circle , from which its membership was in part drawn in any case, the group sought to bring together poetics and linguistics. Further Reading: T. Bennett Formalism and Marxism (1979). V. Erlich Russian Formalism: History—Doctrine (1955)....

Russian Formalism

Russian Formalism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...awakening in us a heightened state of perception. Russian Formalism is a generic term that covers the work of at least two major groups of researchers based in Russia in the early part of the twentieth century . The first group, based in St Petersburg, was known by the acronym Opoyaz ( Obschevesto po izucheniyu poeticheskogo yazyka (Society for the Study of Poetic Language). Formed in 1916 by a small gathering of students and professors working in language studies, it was chaired by the poet Osip Brik . The original membership included Victor Shklovsky...

Shklovsky, Viktor

Shklovsky, Viktor (1893–1984)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Viktor ( 1893–1984 ) Russian literary theorist and founder of Opoyaz , one of the two groups (the other was the Moscow Linguistic Circle ) which combined to give rise to Russian Formalism . Born in St Petersburg, he attended St Petersburg University, and then entered the army. He fought in World War I, recording his experiences in a memoir, Sentimental’noe puteshestvie, vospominaniia ( 1923 ), translated as A Sentimental Journey: Memoirs, 1917–22 ( 1970 ). A prolific author, Shklovsky wrote studies of Laurence Sterne , Maxim Gorky , ...

Jakobson, Roman

Jakobson, Roman (1896–1982)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Roman ( 1896–1982 ) Russian linguist , formative member of both the Russian Formalists (the Moscow Linguistic Circle as well as Opoyaz ) and the Prague Linguistic Circle , and one of the founding fathers of structuralism . An incredibly prolific author—he wrote over 600 articles—Jakobson is widely regarded as the pre-eminent linguist of the twentieth century . Born in Moscow, he studied historical philology at Moscow University. He was, by then, already friends with the greatest poets and painters of his time, including the futurist poets...

Russian Aesthetics

Russian Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
10,552 words
Illustration(s):
2

...comprises a group of literary and aesthetic doctrines held by a number of early twentieth-century Moscow and Saint Petersburg linguistic and literary scholars and theoreticians. They founded the Society for the Study of Poetic Language, known by the Russian acronym OPOYAZ, in 1916 . OPOYAZ was dedicated to the premise that literary language was autonomous in its function (the “self-sufficient word”), and operated against the background of a nonrepresentational aesthetics. As a discrete movement, Formalism came to an end in 1930 , after which time it was...

Russian Aesthetics

Russian Aesthetics   Reference library

Victor V. Bychkov, Oleg V. Bychkov, Oleg V. Bychkov, William E. Harkins, and William E. Harkins

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
12,323 words
Illustration(s):
1

...comprises a group of literary and aesthetic doctrines held by a number of early twentieth-century Moscow and Saint Petersburg linguistic and literary scholars and theoreticians. They founded the Society for the Study of Poetic Language, known by the Russian acronym OPOYAZ, in 1916 . OPOYAZ was dedicated to the premise that literary language was autonomous in its function (the “self-sufficient word”), and it operated against the background of a nonrepresentational aesthetics. As a discrete movement, Formalism came to an end in 1930 , after which time it...

Russian Formalism

Russian Formalism   Reference library

G. Tihanov

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
2,761 words

...enforced self-crit. by Viktor Shklovsky , “Monument to a Scholarly Error” ( 1930 ). Formalism originated in the study of lang. dialects and folklore at the Moscow Linguistic Circle, established in 1915 , and in the work of the Petrograd Society for the Study of Poetic Language (Opoyaz), founded in 1916 , although the earliest important text to be associated with the school, Shklovsky’s “The Resurrection of the Word,” dates to 1914 . The most prominent exponents of Rus. formalism were Shklovsky ( 1893–1984 ), Roman Jakobson ( 1896–1982 ), Yuri Tynianov (...

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