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Oliver the Spy

Became the mythic villain of generations of English radicals after allegedly egging on the Pentrich rebels in June 1817, and then betraying them. Three were executed as a result. Oliver's ...

‘Oliver the Spy’

‘Oliver the Spy’   Reference library

Bernard Porter

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
53 words

...Oliver the Spy’ became the mythic villain of generations of English radicals after allegedly egging on the Pentrich rebels in June 1817 , and then betraying them. Three were executed as a result. Oliver’s real name may have been William Richards, but no one knows for certain, because he vanished afterwards. Bernard...

Oliver the Spy

Oliver the Spy  

Became the mythic villain of generations of English radicals after allegedly egging on the Pentrich rebels in June 1817, and then betraying them. Three were executed as a result. Oliver's ...
Language

Language   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...culminated in A Grammar of the English Language ( 1818 ), which represented the issue of language as central to any attempt to redefine the political nation. At every turn, even in the illustrations he supplied to particular points of grammar, Cobbett made it clear that language was a political issue: We are sometimes embarrassed to fix precisely on the nominative, when a sort of addition is made to it by words expressing persons or things that accompany it: as, “Sidmouth, with Oliver the spy, have brought Brandreth to the block”. We hesitate to...

1 & 2 Samuel

1 & 2 Samuel   Reference library

Gwilym H. Jones, Gwilym H. Jones, and Gwilym H. Jones

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
44,450 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...swelled the ranks of his supporters by bringing to Hebron innocent and unsuspecting guests ( v. 11 ), and his revolt was assisted by the presence of Ahithophel, David's counsellor and grandfather of Bathsheba. David's flight from Jerusalem to the Jordan was evidently a wise move, although the text offers no explanation. Absalom's presence in Hebron, discontent among the Israelites and the enmity of the Philistines left him with no other real alternative. On the outskirts of Jerusalem, probably in the Kidron valley before the ascent to the Mount of Olives, his...

Judges

Judges   Reference library

Susan Niditch and Susan Niditch

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
18,739 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the designation ‘father’ that Micah attaches to the holy man ( v. 10 ) and cf. 2 Kings 6:21; 8:9; 13:14; and Judg 5:7 . ( 18:1–13 ) v. 1 , from Levitical itineracy, the narrator turns to Danite wanderings in search of a homeland, as the tales of Micah, the young Levite, and the Danites weave together in a founding myth. vv. 2–10 , the reconnaissance mission is a frequent motif in Israelite war accounts ( cf. Num 13; Josh 2 ; and judg 6:10–14 ). While spying out the land in the north, the Danites receive hospitality in Micah's household. v. 3 , do the...

Ezra–Nehemiah

Ezra–Nehemiah   Reference library

Daniel L. Smith-Christopher and Daniel L. Smith-Christopher

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
18,603 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and abuse; Ps 107:6, 19–20 ). Some have suggested ( Neufeld ( 1953–4 ) that the time of the wall building was before the olive and grape harvest, and thus hit local society at an economically weak point. We also know that the imperial tax burden went up during the time of Darius, and again in the time of Xerxes, in order for the latter to pursue his military campaigns against the Greeks ( Blenkinsopp 1988 : 257 ). But the bitterness here seems directed towards fellow Jews. vv. 2–3 , ‘With our sons and daughters, we are many’, and in 5:3 ‘We are...

Genesis

Genesis   Reference library

R. N. Whybray and R. N. Whybray

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
35,219 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... An Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament (8th ed.; Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark). Gunkel, H. (1964), Genesis übersetzt und erklärt (HK 1/1; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1901; 6th ed.). ———(1901), The Legends of Genesis (New York: Schocken, 1964; German original). Lambert, W. G., and Millard, A. R. (1969), Atra-hasīs. The Babylonian Story of the Flood (Oxford: Clarendon Press). von Rad, G. (1966), ‘The Form-Critical Problem of the Hexateuch’, The Problem of the Hexateuch and Other Essays (Edinburgh and London: Oliver & Boyd) 1–78...

Alger Hiss

Alger Hiss  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1904–96) State Department official and accused spy. In 1950, Hiss was convicted of perjury, stemming from his testimony before a grand jury that he had never given a Communist courier ...
Royal Collection

Royal Collection  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The collection of works of art, particularly paintings and drawings, accumulated by the British royal family over a period of five centuries, from Tudor times to the present day. It is the only great ...
Pentrich rising

Pentrich rising (1817)   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
153 words

...and agricultural recession made the post-war years miserable. In November 1816 the Spa Fields riots culminated in an attack upon the Tower and were followed by the suspension of habeas corpus. The march of the Blanketeers from Manchester followed in March 1817 . The east midlands had its own problems of unemployment among textile workers. In the summer of 1817 , Oliver , the government spy, reported the likelihood of risings. On 8 June several hundred men assembled at Pentrich and Ripley and began the 14-mile march to Nottingham, where, their...

Deighton, Len

Deighton, Len (1929)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Crime and Mystery Writing

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
415 words

...and his marked professionalism help him survive deception and betrayal. The trilogies Spy Hook ( 1988 ), Spy Line ( 1989 ), and Spy Sinker ( 1990 ) and Faith ( 1995 ), Hope ( 1996 ), and Charity ( 1997 ) enmesh Sampson in trying post—cold-war games. See also Loner, Sleuth as ; Loyalty and Betrayal ; Spy Fiction ; Thriller . Fred Erisman , Romantic Reality in the Spy Stories of Len Deighton , Armchair Detective 10 (Apr. 1977): 101–105. Edward Milward-Oliver , The Len Deighton Companion (1987). Lars Ole Sauerberg , Secret Agents in...

spies and the spy system

spies and the spy system   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...Cross-checking of information became increasingly difficult; the line between gathering information and acting as an agent provocateur was frequently crossed. The misdeeds of the despised Edwards , Groves , and ‘Oliver the Spy’ hastened the demise of a British ‘spy system’ that had always been seen as a temporary expedient. ...

Rzewski, Frederic (Anthony)

Rzewski, Frederic (Anthony) (13 April 1938)   Reference library

Paul Griffiths

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
165 words

...Thompson and Claudio Spies at Harvard ( 1954–8 ) and with Oliver Strunk at Princeton ( 1958–60 ). During the next decade he was mostly in Europe. He gave the first performance of Stockhausen's Klavierstück X ( 1962 ) and was a founder member of Musica Elettronica Viva, a group of composer-performers in Rome. His work with them became increasingly political ( Coming Together , 1972 ) and remained so after he moved to a style absorbing avant-garde details into a grand confluence with the piano virtuoso tradition ( The People United will Never be...

Garnett, Mrs R. S.

Garnett, Mrs R. S.   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...Roscoe ( 1869–1946 ) married ( 1896 ) Robert Singleton Garnett ( 1866–1932 ). The daughter of a solicitor, she was educated at Queen's College, Harley Street, Miss Norton's School, Holly Hill, and Newnham College, Cambridge. She published two novels in the period. The Infamous John Friend ( 1909 ) is a historical romance about a thoroughly sympathetic and thoroughly unprincipled spy for Napoleon. Amor Vincit: A Romance of the Staffordshire Moorlands ( 1912 ), set in the 1850s, is a melancholic and occasionally brutal confection out of Emily Brontë ...

Le Carré, John

Le Carré, John   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,901 words

...intellectual spy, and one who recognized and wrestled with the complicated moral and ethical dilemmas that his work brought him. In a visible symbol of just how much the world of espionage had changed in the previous quarter-century, The Spy Who Came In from the Cold opens and closes at that newest of Cold War monuments, the Berlin Wall; indeed the novel's spy protagonist, Alec Leamus , is killed on that wall because he will not betray the woman he loves. Le Carré followed up on the success of The Spy Who Came In from the Cold with The Looking-Glass...

Lyttelton Theatre

Lyttelton Theatre   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
272 words

...Theatre , the first of the three theatres inside the National Theatre building to be opened, the others being the Cottesloe and the Olivier . Named after Lord Chandos (Oliver Lyttelton), the first Chairman of the National Theatre Board, it is a traditional picture-frame theatre seating 890 in two tiers, and has an adjustable proscenium with an opening which can range from 34 to 45 ft., a stage height of from 16 up to 29 ft., and a depth of 51 ft. Although its opening production in 1976 was Hamlet with Albert Finney , it is used mainly for new...

Counterintelligence

Counterintelligence   Reference library

Hayden B. Peake

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
13,252 words

...of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States . New York: Barnes and Noble. Indexed. Olive, R.J. (2006) Capturing Jonathan Pollard: How One of the Most Notorious Spies in American History Was Brought to Justice . Annapolis, MD; Naval Institute Press. Orlov, A. (1953) The Secret History of Stalin’s Crimes . New York: Random House. Orlov, A. (2004) Alexander Orlov: The March of Time . London: St. Ermin’s Press. O’Toole, G. (1991) Honorable Treachery: A History of US Intelligence, Espionage, and Covert Action from the...

secret service

secret service   Reference library

Bernard Porter

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
359 words

...history from the 17th cent. onwards was the Post Office , which used to open letters, decipher them, reseal them, and send them on their way. During the Napoleonic years these activities were stepped up, as one might expect, in circles where French revolutionary contagion was thought likely to catch on. This continued through to 1820 , when suspicions of agent provocateur activities by a number of government agents, including one known as ‘Oliver’ , provoked such public outrage that the practice was discontinued. For most of the Victorian years...

Guinness, Sir Alec

Guinness, Sir Alec (1914–2000)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
307 words

...for the title role in Dylan (New York, 1964 ) a Tony Award. Subsequent stage successes included The Old Country ( 1977 ) and A Walk in the Woods ( 1989 ). Guinness made his screen debut in David Lean 's Great Expectations ( 1946 ) playing Herbert Pocket , a role he had portrayed in his own stage adaptation of the book in 1939 . Other major successes on screen include Oliver Twist ( 1948 ) as Fagin and the unforgettable Kind Hearts and Coronets ( 1949 ), in which he played eight parts. David Lean's outstanding success, The Bridge on the River...

Courtenay, William [Leonard]

Courtenay, William [Leonard] (1875–1933)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
258 words

... Under Fire ( 1915 ). After playing the tramp in Pals First ( 1917 ) and Matt Peasley in Cappy Ricks ( 1919 ), a series of less successful plays followed until he enjoyed one final run as the vamped husband Tom Burton in David Belasco 's controversial production of The Harem ( 1924 ). His last appearance was as Governor Hazleton in the gangster melodrama The Inside Story ( 1932 ). Courtenay was essentially a matinee idol, but one of the handsomest and most durable. Oliver Morosco felt “he had all the requisites of a star. His voice was perfectly...

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