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Old Catholics

Subject: Religion

A group of small national Churches, consisting of Christians who have separated from the RC Church.(1) The Old Catholic Church in the Netherlands, sometimes called the Church of Utrecht. ...

Old Catholics

Old Catholics   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
64 words

... Catholics Religious movement rejecting the dogma of Papal Infallibility , which had been announced by the First Vatican Council of 1870 . The Old Catholics set up churches in German- and Dutch-speaking Europe, which later united in the Union of Utrecht in 1889 . Since then the Archbishop of Utrecht has been head of the International Old Catholic Congress. Old Catholics have much affinity with...

Old Catholics

Old Catholics   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
126 words

... Catholics . Christians who adhere (according to the declaration of their bishops in 1889 ) to the Vincentian Canon , not in order to resist all change, but in order to guard against unwarranted innovation. The roots of the separation of Old Catholic Churches go back to the post-Reformation debates in the Netherlands: the Jansenist Church of Utrecht retained the apostolic succession after its separation from Rome in 1724 and was later able to supply valid consecration of bishops. The major breach occurred as a consequence of the Vatican I ...

Old Catholics

Old Catholics   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
260 words

...the ‘Declaration of Utrecht ', agreed upon in 1889 . Old Catholic bishops have several times taken part in the consecration of Anglican bishops. The term ‘Old Catholic’ is also used of RCs in England of older (especially recusant ) background in contrast to converts and...

Old Catholics

Old Catholics   Reference library

Peter-Ben Smit

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,086 words

... Catholics A group of catholic Churches, deriving their name from their confession of the ‘old’ faith and order, i.e.: the faith and order of the early Church. They are not to be confused with Lefevrian and other kinds of post-Vatican II ‘Old’ Catholicism, or any other groups and churches using the term ‘Old Catholic’. Organized in the Union of Utrecht of Old Catholic Churches (1889), the Old Catholics have a strong commitment to ecumenism and ecclesial renewal by means of ressourcement ; they reject developments contradicting the faith and order of the early...

Old Catholics

Old Catholics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A group of small national Churches, consisting of Christians who have separated from the RC Church.(1) The Old Catholic Church in the Netherlands, sometimes called the Church of Utrecht. This owes ...
Old Roman Catholic Church

Old Roman Catholic Church   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
16 words

... Roman Catholic Church . A small community tracing its episcopal orders to A. H. Mathew...

Old Roman Catholic Church

Old Roman Catholic Church   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
56 words

... Roman Catholic Church A small community tracing its episcopal orders to A. H. Mathew. It has congregations in Britain, USA, Canada, and the West Indies. It uses the Tridentine liturgy current in the Catholic Church before the changes associated with the Second Vatican Council . It is not under the authority of the...

Old Catholic

Old Catholic noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
54 words
Old Catholic

Old Catholic noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
71 words
Old Roman Catholic Church

Old Roman Catholic Church  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A small community tracing its episcopal orders to A. H. Mathew.
The Reformation to 1700

The Reformation to 1700   Reference library

David Wright

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,449 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
14

...much unsaid or unsettled. It did not as such exclude vernacular translations made presumably from the Vulgate's Latin and certified by appropriate ecclesiastical officers. English-speaking Roman Catholics would for three centuries use the Douai–Rheims Bible (New Testament 1582, Old Testament 1609–10), so named from the two locations in France of the English Catholic college responsible for it. Translated from the Vulgate with a closeness that at times provided a highly Latinized English (e.g. ‘supersubstantial bread’ in the Lord's Prayer in Matthew 6: 11 ,...

Religion

Religion   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,549 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...both the revolutionary and the Romantic insurgencies. Roman Catholics may have been an overwhelming majority in Ireland and a significant presence in the Highlands of Scotland, but in England they were a small minority, perhaps 80,000 in 1770 , with disproportionate representation among old aristocratic and gentry families who had the standing to survive the pervasive anti-Catholic prejudice endemic in most of the population. Unobtrusive and deeply concerned to demonstrate loyalty, English Catholics were numerically insignificant until swelling Irish...

Introduction to the Old Testament

Introduction to the Old Testament   Reference library

John Barton

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,263 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...OT: the Hebrew Scriptures (for which Jews do not use the title ‘Old Testament’), and the OT of the early church, which contained all the Hebrew Scriptures together with the deuterocanonical/apocryphal books. This second canon has in turn been received in a slightly different form in the Catholic and Orthodox churches, so that there are a few books in the Orthodox canon which do not appear in the Catholic Bible (e.g. 3 Maccabees, Ps 151 ) and one book (2 Esdras) which is often found in Catholic Bibles but is not extant in Greek and therefore not canonical in...

The Early Church

The Early Church   Reference library

Henning Graf Reventlow

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,415 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
6

...in the eucharistic services. He held the Bible in high esteem. His exegesis is moralistic, but also allegoric; he prefers texts from the Old Testament. But his theology is Christocentric: the gospel in Jesus Christ is the essence of his message. Dogmatics is influential with him. He tries to find reasons for the catholic (Nicene) position in the Bible. He combines classical and Christian traditions in his sermons. Old and New Testament he regards as a unity. He also wrote an apologetic work on Genesis against Appelles, a rationalistic pupil of Marcion....

The Apocrypha

The Apocrypha   Reference library

Philip Davies

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,611 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...been that the Roman Catholic doctrines of purgatory, prayers for the dead, and salvation by good works, which Luther rejected, were found only in the apocryphal books). The Reformation brought to a head the issue of canon, and in reaction to Luther, the Roman Catholic Council of Trent (1545–63) at last definitively affirmed that certain apocryphal books were canonical. These were: Tobit, Judith, the Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiastes, Baruch, 1–2 Maccabees, and additions to Esther and Daniel. These writings were thus placed among the other Old Testament books,...

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands   Reference library

Edwin Paul Wieringa

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,585 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...paper is the most widely used material for all writing. With the advent of printing and machine-made paper ( see 10 ), the age-old traditions of MS writing were practically discontinued. 5 Printed books The introduction of print in the region is intertwined with European colonial involvement. The first book printed in the Philippines was the Doctrina Christiana en lengua española y tagala in 1593 , explicating basic Roman Catholic teachings in Spanish and Tagalog, written by Friar Juan de Plasencia , and printed with woodblocks ( *xylography ) in Manila....

Czech Family Names

Czech Family Names   Reference library

Dobrava Moldanová

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
4,083 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Catholics. Nevertheless, Protestantism survived secretly in some areas, and in 1722 a group of Protestants who came to be known as the Moravian Brethren fled to Herrnhut in Saxony, where they were joined by groups of like-minded Germans. From there they came to North America in successive waves, being noted in particular for their missionary and educational work. Thus, Czechs in North America are of both Roman Catholic and Protestant heritage. Inevitably, however, the bulk of Czech immigrants have been Roman Catholics, bringing with them Roman Catholic...

21 The History of the Book in Ireland

21 The History of the Book in Ireland   Reference library

Niall Ó Ciosáin and Clare Hutton

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
4,023 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...him. The King’s Printer’s exclusive rights ensured that Ireland’s printed output would be entirely Anglican and overwhelmingly in the English language. The vast majority of the population, however, remained Roman Catholic; most of them spoke Irish, although English was well established among the Catholic commercial and political elite. Catholic books, mainly devotional, were imported from Europe; they were not produced in any numbers in Ireland until well into the 18 th century. The King’s Printers did produce a few books in Irish, including a New Testament...

Modern Translations

Modern Translations   Reference library

Stanley E. Porter

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
12,771 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
9

...done by Protestants, with the Catholics using the Douai-Rheims-Challoner version (New Testament in 1582, Old Testament in 1609–10, revised in the eighteenth century by Richard Challoner; and reprinted numerous times in the nineteenth century), a version that suffered from its being a translation of a translation, albeit an ancient one (it was a translation of the Vulgate), and done in conscious reaction to Protestantism. Because of its numerous archaisms, a revision of this translation was thought necessary, and the British Catholic scholar Ronald Knox was...

General Introduction

General Introduction   Reference library

John Barton and John Muddiman

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,980 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...status (e.g. Hebrews, Revelation, 2 and 3 John, 2 Peter, and Jude). The extent of the Old Testament varies much more seriously. Protestants and Jews alike accept only the books now extant in Hebrew as fully authoritative, but Catholics and Orthodox Christians recognize a longer canon: on this, see the Introduction to the Old Testament. The Ethiopic and Coptic churches accept also Enoch and Jubilees , as well as having minor variations in the other books of the Old Testament. 2. In this Commentary we have included all the books that appear in the...

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