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Nye Committee

(1934–36) A US Senate committee, chaired by Gerald P. Nye of North Dakota, to investigate the dealings of the munitions industry and bankers and their reputed profits from ...

Nye Committee

Nye Committee   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Committee a committee established on April 12, 1934 , under the leadership of Senator Gerald Nye of North Dakota, to investigate the structure, activities, and profits of the munitions industry and its role in U.S. entry into World War I . It held ninety-three hearings from September 1934 until February 1936 . It failed to prove that arms manufacturers had conspired to begin the war or to force the United States into...

Nye Committee

Nye Committee (1934–36)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
105 words

... Committee ( 1934–36 ) A US Senate committee, chaired by Gerald P. Nye of North Dakota, to investigate the dealings of the munitions industry and bankers and their reputed profits from promoting foreign wars. The findings revealed high profits and a studied hostility to disarmament but no evidence to support the theory that President Woodrow Wilson had at any time been influenced by the financial “stake” in his relations with Germany. However, so strong and widespread was the spirit of isolationism that the Senate, in an effort to remain aloof from...

Nye Committee

Nye Committee  

(1934–36)A US Senate committee, chaired by Gerald P. Nye of North Dakota, to investigate the dealings of the munitions industry and bankers and their reputed profits from promoting foreign wars. The ...
Gerald P. Nye

Gerald P. Nye  

(1892–1971).Born in rural Wisconsin, Nye spent fifteen years as a country editor in Wisconsin, Iowa, and North Dakota. A progressive Republican, he was appointed U.S. senator from North Dakota ...
superior court

superior court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Any of the higher courts of the legal system, whose jurisdiction is not limited, for example, by geography or by value of the subject matter of the claim and whose decisions have weight as ...
Neutrality Acts

Neutrality Acts  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(USA) A series of Acts passed at the height of isolationism, amidst fears that the desire for profits from the arms industry might fuel direct or indirect participation in war. They followed a Senate ...
Labour Party

Labour Party  

Labour has been the principal progressive alternative to the Conservative Party since the 1920s, forming governments in 1924, 1929–31, 1945–51, 1964–70, 1974–9, and 1997. The Labour Representation ...
Nye, Gerald Prentice

Nye, Gerald Prentice (1892–1971)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., Gerald Prentice ( 1892–1971 ) U.S. senator ( 1925–45 ), born in Hortonville, Wisconsin . Nye gained prominence through his chairmanship of a special Senate committee, usually referred to as the Nye Committee , formed to look into allegations that the munitions industry was responsible for provoking international conflict ( 1934–36 ). Nye became not only a strong proponent of neutrality legislation, but also, as war began to come closer, an outspoken advocate for nonintervention. A powerful orator who took to the airwaves to disseminate his views, Nye...

profiteer

profiteer v.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... v. to make or seek to make an excessive or unfair profit, especially illegally or in a black market. n. one who profits excessively through wartime production or trade. See also Nye Committee...

Nye, Gerald P.

Nye, Gerald P. (1892–1971)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., Gerald P. ( 1892–1971 ). Born in rural Wisconsin, Nye spent fifteen years as a country editor in Wisconsin, Iowa, and North Dakota. A progressive Republican, he was appointed U.S. senator from North Dakota in 1925 to fill a vacancy; he won elections on his own in 1926 , 1932 , and 1938 . During the 1930s, Nye was to the left of the New Deal on domestic policy. In 1934–36 , he gained national prominence as chairman of the Special Senate Committee Investigating the Munitions Industry. The committee probed into the close ties between the U.S. and Allied...

Nye, Philip

Nye, Philip (c.1596–1672)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
688 words

...‘triers’ and ‘expurgators’, charged with judging and, where necessary, dismissing, incompetent clergy. The Case of Philip Nye, minister, humbly tendered to the consideration of Parliament ( 1662 ) was his post-Restoration defence against charges of irregular practice and feathering his own nest when serving in that capacity. In 1654 he served on the committee which published The Principles of Faith . Following the Restoration, Nye continued to preach as he was able until his death. He was remembered as ‘a man of considerable learning and abilities … and...

Blackett, Patrick M. S.

Blackett, Patrick M. S. (1897–1974)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...by recommending that the atomic bomb be constructed in the US, a recommendation the British government followed. See also scientists at war . Nye, M.J. , Physics, War, and Politics in the Twentieth Century (Cambridge, MA,...

America First Committee

America First Committee   Reference library

Justus D. Doenecke

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
350 words

...committee in April 1941 , was its chief drawing card, although he dealt the committee a severe blow that September by publicly claiming that Jews as a group sought full-scale American participation in the war. A staff composed of socialists, pacifists, and liberals prepared its position papers. At its peak in 1941 , the AFC had 450 chapters, a membership of 850,000, and an income of $370,000 donated by 25,000 contributors. Huge AFC rallies featured such speakers as Lindbergh , Flynn , Senator Burton K. Wheeler (D-MO), Senator Gerald P. Nye ...

America First Committee

America First Committee   Reference library

Justus D. Doenecke

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...committee in April 1941 , was its chief drawing card, although he dealt the committee a severe blow that September by publicly claiming that Jews as a group sought full-scale American participation in the war. A staff composed of socialists, pacifists, and liberals prepared its position papers. At its peak in 1941 , the AFC had 450 chapters, a membership of 850,000, and an income of $370,000 donated by 25,000 contributors. Huge AFC rallies featured such speakers as Lindbergh , Flynn , Senator Burton K. Wheeler (D–MT), Senator Gerald P. Nye ...

America First.

America First.   Reference library

Justus D. Doenecke

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
345 words

...committee in April 1941 , was its chief drawing card, though he dealt the committee a severe blow that September by publicly claiming that Jews as a group sought full-scale American participation in the war. A staff composed of socialists, pacifists, and liberals prepared its position papers. At its peak in 1941 , the AFC had 450 chapters, a membership of 850,000, and an income of $370,000 donated by 25,000 contributors. Huge AFC rallies featured such speakers as Lindbergh, Flynn, Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Dem.–MT), Senator Gerald P. Nye ...

Neutrality Acts

Neutrality Acts ((USA))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
190 words

...Neutrality Acts (USA) A series of Acts passed at the height of isolationism , amidst fears that the desire for profits from the arms industry might fuel direct or indirect participation in war. They followed a Senate Committee chaired by Gerald P. Nye in 1934 , which revealed the high profits among arms manufacturers during World War I. The Acts, which passed through Congress 1935–9 , prohibited loans or credits to belligerents. They placed embargoes on direct or indirect shipments of arms or munitions, making no distinction between aggressor and...

Hiss, Alger, trials of

Hiss, Alger, trials of   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Law
Length:
532 words

...of the New Deal. There he worked for the Agricultural Adjustment Administration and the Senate’s Nye Committee before joining the State Department in 1936 . He rose rapidly at State and was part of the American delegations to the Yalta Conference and the 1945 meeting in San Francisco that organized the United Nations. In 1947 he left government service to head the Carnegie Endowment. In 1948 , while testifying before the Republican-controlled House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC), a Time magazine editor, Whittaker Chambers , claimed that in...

chemical nomenclature

chemical nomenclature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
731 words

...History of Chemistry (1992). Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent and Isabelle Stengers , A History of Chemistry (1996). Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent , Languages in Science: Chemistry, in Modern Physical and Mathematical Sciences , ed. Mary Jo Nye , vol. 5, The Cambridge History of Science 8 vols. (in press). Mary Jo ...

Military–Industrial Complex

Military–Industrial Complex   Reference library

Michael Perelman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Businessmen gained valuable insights into how to navigate the political and defense establishment. This early manifestation of a military–industrial complex created considerable public unease when in the 1920s the Special Committee on Investigation of the Munitions Industry, led by the North Dakota Republican senator Gerald P. Nye, revealed how weapons manufacturers and their military allies had influenced the United States’ decision to enter World War I. Nevertheless, the power and influence of the complex only grew as industry and the military won...

Militarization in Education

Militarization in Education   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,499 words

...of the Committee on Militarism in Education ( CME ). The committee was created in 1925 , in response to the National Defense Acts of 1916 and 1920 . These acts provided for the establishment of more than 300 Reserve Officers Training Corps ( ROTC ) units with about 125,000 students participating in the program on college campuses. The program consisted of a two-year course in military subjects, with weekly drill instruction. Upon graduation, the individual trainee would automatically receive a commission in the United States Army. The committee, led by...

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