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Normandy campaign

(June–August 1944) An Allied counter-offensive in Europe in World War II. A series of landings were made on the beaches of Normandy, France, beginning on 6 June 1944 (D-Day). ...

Normandy Campaign

Normandy Campaign   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
43 words

... Campaign Allied invasion of German-occupied France, launched on June 6, 1944 (D-Day). Commanded by Dwight Eisenhower , the invasion was the largest amphibious operation in history. The successful landings were the start of the final campaign of World War 2 in w ...

Normandy campaign

Normandy campaign (June–Aug. 1944)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
155 words

...Normandy campaign ( June–Aug. 1944 ) Despite the success of D-Day ( 6 June 1944 ) during World War II , it was not until 30 July that the Allied troops managed to cut through the German defensive lines in north-west Normandy and begin the liberation of France. Field Marshal Model, transferred from the Eastern Front to replace Rommel after the July Plot , was unable to stem Patton 's advance, which now swept across France, while Montgomery moved up the English Channel. Paris was liberated within a month, and the Free French forces under de Gaulle ...

Normandy Campaign

Normandy Campaign   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
393 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Campaign Normandy Campaign . The Allied plan ‘Operation Overlord’ succeeded in 1944 largely as a result of meticulous planning. U-boat bases in Brittany were captured in a lightning campaign by US troops, who then swung east. Other US forces, together with British and Commonwealth troops, defeated German defenders at the Battle of Falaise Gap. A swift drive through Normandy led to the capture of Rouen and Paris, and the advance into north-west Europe. Source: MAPS IN MINUTES™ © RH Publications (1997) ( June – August 1944 ) An Allied...

Normandy campaign

Normandy campaign (1944)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
1,815 words
Illustration(s):
2

...(COSSAC), began planning an invasion, and a target date of 1 May 1944 was set. The Normandy campaign , June 1944: the Normandy landings, Operation OVERLORD. The Normandy campaign , 1944: the breakout. COSSAC staff considered two main invasion sites: the Pas de Calais, across the Channel at its narrowest point, and Normandy. They decided on the latter. It was less obvious and less heavily defended; the port of Cherbourg might be captured early on; and, although Normandy was further away than the Pas de Calais, it was well within range of fighters based in...

Normandy campaign

Normandy campaign   Reference library

Martin Blumenson

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
4,884 words
Illustration(s):
3

...Morgan's warning of the need for additional resources and more divisions on a wider front to give the landings a better chance of success. 73. Allied advance to the Seine during the Normandy campaign , August 1944 74. Allied advance beyond the Seine during the Normandy campaign , August–September 1944 Because the Americans were eventually to furnish 60 divisions for the campaign in western Europe while the British and Canadians together could provide no more than 20, President Roosevelt in December designated General Dwight D. Eisenhower Supreme Allied...

Normandy campaign

Normandy campaign  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(June–August 1944)An Allied counter-offensive in Europe in World War II. A series of landings were made on the beaches of Normandy, France, beginning on 6 June 1944 (D-Day). Five beaches had been ...
5 The European Medieval Book

5 The European Medieval Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
9,862 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Chronicles often record that an abbot or bishop had given great sets of books, which may often mean that the benefactor had sponsored their production in high-profile campaigns of building up libraries. Some records survive, showing monasteries seeking *exemplars from elsewhere and lending books to each other. After the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 , MSS and scribes were sent from Normandy to English cathedrals, and strong cultural links with French Benedictine monasteries such as Jumièges and Mont-St-Michel are reflected in books made for English...

Ste. Mère-Église-Montebourg highway

Ste. Mère-Église-Montebourg highway  

The highway in northern France that was pivotal to the success of the Allied attempt to oust the Germans from the Cotentin Peninsula during the Normandy Invasion, June 1944. Sainte ...
General Courtney H. Hodges

General Courtney H. Hodges  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1887–1966),US Army officer who commanded the First US Army during most of the Normandy campaign and in the fighting in north-west Europe which followed.Hodges failed his exams at ...
bocage

bocage  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Is the belt of higher ground that runs across the base of the Cherbourg peninsula in western France. During the early phase of the Normandy campaign its topography of steep ...
Paris rising

Paris rising  

Reference type:
Overview Page
As the Allied forces engaged in the Normandy campaign neared Paris, tension in the former capital grew. On 10 August the railway workers came out on strike; on 15 August ...
Red Ball Express

Red Ball Express  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Truck convoys used to supply the Allied armies when Eisenhower decided to pursue the Germans across the River Seine during the Normandy campaign. It was estimated that 100,000 tons of ...
Lt-General Guy Simonds

Lt-General Guy Simonds  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1903–74),English-born but Canadian-educated, Canadian Army officer who rose from being a junior staff officer in September 1939 to command 1st Canadian Infantry Division in the Sicilian and Italian ...
Normandy

Normandy  

The name “Normandy” has been given since the 10th c. to the region conceded by King Charles the Simple in 911, by the treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, to the Vikings settled ...
fighter

fighter  

Reference type:
Overview Page
N.1 a fast military aircraft designed for attacking other aircraft: designers employ stealth to render a fighter invisible to radar | fighter pilots.2 a person or animal that fights, especially as a ...
Fortitude, Operation

Fortitude, Operation  

The elaborate and highly successful deception plan that kept the German attention centered on Calais rather than Normandy, where, on June 5–6, 1944, the Allied forces launched Operation Overlord ...
liberation of Paris

liberation of Paris  

A World War II Allied victory, on August 25, 1944. After Operation Overlord gained a foothold in Normandy, Allied forces made slow progress east. The German counterattack at Avranches, however ...
SWORD

SWORD  

Codename for assault beach in British sector on which 3rd British Infantry Division disembarked at the start of the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944 (see OVERLORD). It lay between ...
Royal Eason Ingersoll

Royal Eason Ingersoll  

(1883–1976) career naval officer, born in Washington, D.C. As commander of the Atlantic Fleet during World War II, Ingersoll effectively neutralized the German submarine menace, thereby making the ...
Gold Beach

Gold Beach  

One of the five beaches targeted for the D-Day Landing at Normandy, and one of the two under British control. It is east of Omaha Beach, near Arromanches. See also Sword Beach.[...]

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