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Noam Chomsky

Subject: Literature

(1928– ), professor of modern languages and linguistics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, after Saussure the most important figure in modern linguistics. Two of his ...

Chomsky, Noam

Chomsky, Noam (1928)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
99 words

..., Noam ( Avram Noam Chomsky ) ( 1928 – ) US professor of linguistics . In Syntactic Structures ( 1957 ), he developed the concept of a transformational grammar, embodying his theories about the relationship between language and mind, and an underlying universal structure of language. Chomsky argued that the human capacity for language is partially innate, unlike supporters of behaviourism . His ideas greatly influenced psychologists concerned with language acquisition. Chomsky is a consistent critic of US imperialism, and his political works...

Chomsky, Noam

Chomsky, Noam (1928)   Reference library

Ryan T. Perry

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., Noam ( 1928 – ), linguist , philosopher , social critic , political activist . Growing up in Philadelphia, Chomsky was immersed in language and politics from an early age. His father, a Russian-born expert on Hebrew grammar, offered a background in classical philology; his uncle's newsstand in New York City exposed Chomsky to the radical political discourse of Jewish intellectual culture. Chomsky's rational approach to linguistics ultimately diverged from the established structural and behaviorist methodology that dominated the field in the 1950s....

Chomsky, Noam

Chomsky, Noam (1928– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Power and the Assault on Democracy ( 2006 ). A controversial figure, Chomsky’s views are not universally shared, or without their particular problems, but by his persistence in exposing political malfeasance he has surely helped in some measure to make the world a better place. Further Reading: R. Barsky Noam Chomsky: A Life of Dissent (1997). A. Edgley The Social and Political Thought of Noam Chomsky (2002). N. Smith Chomsky: Ideas and Ideals (1999). W. Sperlich Noam Chomsky ...

Chomsky, Noam

Chomsky, Noam (1928)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...of Power and the Assault on Democracy ( 2006 ). A controversial figure, Chomsky's views are not universally shared, or without their particular problems, but by his persistence in exposing political malfeasance he has surely helped in some measure to make the world a better place. Further Reading: R. Barsky Noam Chomsky: A Life of Dissent (1997). A. Edgley The Social and Political Thought of Noam Chomsky (2002). N. Smith Chomsky: Ideas and Ideals (1999). W. Sperlich Noam Chomsky ...

Chomsky, Noam

Chomsky, Noam  

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference

..., Noam ( 1928– ) The most important linguist of the late twentieth century, Chomsky is also one of the foremost leftist critics of American foreign policy and the news media. His main contribution to linguistics is the influential “transformative–generative grammar”—an attempt to describe mathematically the syntactical processes common to all human language. Chomsky draws a key distinction between the deep structure and surface structure of languages. The deep structure, he argues, is not culturally determined (and therefore ultimately arbitrary) but...

Chomsky, Noam

Chomsky, Noam   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Noam ( 1928–  ), American critic and linguist , born in Philadelphia, educated at the University of Pennsylvania. He has held many academic posts in America and Britain, and in 1976 he became Professor of Linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. For Chomsky the approaches to language of both traditionalists and structuralists were flawed or short-sighted. He saw the learning mind as neither a genetic reservoir nor a tabula rasa but the locus of a set of innate possibilities or capacities; above all, the ability to build entirely...

Chomsky, Noam

Chomsky, Noam (1928– )   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
762 words

..., Noam ( 1928–  ). American linguist and philosopher whose pioneering work on language, Syntactic Structures ( 1957 ), and devastating ‘Review of B. F. Skinner's Verbal Behaviour ’ (in Language ( 1959 ) led to the cognitive revolution, and the demise of behaviourism, in psychology. Languages are largely identified by their structure, so, for Chomsky, linguistics is the study of the structure of human languages. He also argues that the theory of language is the theory of a speaker's knowledge of language—knowledge represented in the mind of...

Noam Chomsky

Noam Chomsky (1928– )   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
74 words

...0Noam Noam Chomsky 1928 –   American linguistics scholar Colourless green ideas sleep furiously. illustrating that grammatical structure is independent of meaning Syntactic Structures (1957) ch. 2 colourless green ideas Colourless green ideas Colourless green ideas As soon as questions of will or decision or reason or choice of action arise, human science is at a loss. television interview, in Listener 6 April 1978 will or decision will or decision science is at a...

Noam Chomsky

Noam Chomsky (1928– )   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
120 words

...0Noam Noam Chomsky 1928 –   American linguistics scholar Colourless green ideas sleep furiously. illustrating that grammatical structure is independent of meaning Syntactic Structures (1957) colourless green ideas Colourless green ideas Colourless green ideas green ideas sleep furiously green ideas sleep furiously The Internet is an élite organization; most of the population of the world has never even made a phone call. on the limitations of the World Wide Web in Observer 18 February 1996 Internet is an élite never even made a phone ...

Noam Chomsky

Noam Chomsky (1928– )   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
149 words

...0Noam Noam Chomsky 1928 –   American linguistics scholar The notion ‘grammatical’ cannot be identified with ‘meaningful’ or ‘significant’ in any semantic sense. Sentences (1) and (2) are equally nonsensical, but…only the former is grammatical. (1) Colourless green ideas sleep furiously. (2) Furiously sleep ideas green colourless. Syntactic Structures (1957) ch. 2 colourless green ideas Colourless green ideas Colourless green ideas green ideas sleep furiously green ideas sleep furiously As soon as questions of will or decision or reason or...

Chomsky, Noam Avram

Chomsky, Noam Avram (1928– )   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
501 words

..., Noam Avram ( 1928–  ) US linguist, philosopher, and political activist, famous for his creation of the Chomskyan revolution in linguistics. Born in Philadelphia, the son of a Hebrew scholar, Chomsky was educated at the universities of Pennsylvania and Harvard. He joined the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1955 and has continued to teach there ever since. In his early work Chomsky repeatedly made two very general claims about language. Most utterances, he declared, are unique in the sense that they consist of grammatical sentences never...

Chomsky, Avram Noam

Chomsky, Avram Noam (1928–)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
302 words

..., Avram Noam ( 1928– ) American linguist , philosopher , and political activist . Born in Philadelphia, Chomsky was educated at the University of Pennsylvania under the linguist Zellig Harris, and after a period at the Society of Fellows at Harvard was awarded his doctorate there in 1955 . He has taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since 1955 . Arising from his dissertation, his book Syntactic Structures ( 1957 ) is widely regarded as the most significant contribution to theoretical linguistics of the second half of the 20th...

Chomsky, Avram Noam

Chomsky, Avram Noam (1928– )   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
256 words

..., Avram Noam ( 1928–  ) American linguist whose theories revolutionized much of the subject in the second half of the 20th century. In Syntactic Structures ( 1957 ), his first book and for many still his most important single work, he overturned the strategy of analysis developed by the Post-Bloomfieldians and replaced it with a formal theory of generative grammars and the concept of an evaluation procedure as a means of justifying them. In his next major book, Aspects of the Theory of Syntax (1965), he proposed a theory of levels which...

Chomsky, Noam Avram

Chomsky, Noam Avram (1928–)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,698 words

..., Noam Avram ( 1928– ) Noam Chomsky was born on 7 December 1928 to William (Zev) Chomsky and Elsie Simonofsky in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His father had emigrated to the United States from Russia, and was an eminent scholar on the history and teaching of Hebrew. Noam entered the University of Pennsylvania in 1945 . There he came in contact with Zellig Harris , a prominent linguist and the founder of Pennsylvania’s linguistics department, the first in the United States. In 1947 Chomsky decided to major in linguistics, and in 1949 he began his...

Chomsky, Noam [Avram]

Chomsky, Noam [Avram] (1928– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., Noam [Avram] ( 1928–  ) American linguist Syntactic Structures ( 1957 ) Non-Fiction Aspects of the Theory of Syntax ( 1965 ) Non-Fiction Cartesian Linguistics ( 1966 ) Non-Fiction Language and Mind ( 1968 ) Non-Fiction The Sound Pattern of English [with Morris Halle] ( 1968 ) Non-Fiction American Power and the New Mandarins ( 1969 ) Non-Fiction The Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory ( 1975 ) Non-Fiction Reflections on Language ( 1975 ) Non-Fiction Language and Responsibility [translated from the French by John Viertel] ( 1979 )...

Chomsky (Avram) Noam

Chomsky (Avram) Noam (1928)   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Chomsky ( Avram ) Noam (b. 1928 ). American linguist and political writer , born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania , and introduced to philology by his father, a scholar of Hebrew. At the U. of Pennsylvania he studied under the structural linguist Zellig Harris . After gaining his Ph.D. in 1955 (dissertation: ‘Transformational Analysis’), he taught modern languages and linguistics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he became full professor in 1961 . He was appointed Ferrari P. Ward Professor of Foreign Languages and Linguistics in ...

Avram Noam Chomsky

Avram Noam Chomsky (1928– )   Reference library

Francis Crick

Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
365 words

...Avram Noam Chomsky 1928 – American linguist The fact that all normal children acquire essentially comparable grammars of great complexity with remarkable rapidity suggests that human beings are somehow specially designed to do this, with data-handling or ‘hypothesis-formulating’ ability of unknown character and complexity. A review of B. F. Skinner, Verbal Behavior (1957). In Language: Journal of the Linguistic Society of America , 1959, 35 , 57 all normal children grammars of great complexity By a generative grammar I mean simply a system of...

Chomsky, Noam

Chomsky, Noam   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
66 words
Chomsky, Noam

Chomsky, Noam   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
78 words
Chomsky, (Avram) Noam

Chomsky, (Avram) Noam   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
82 words

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