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Nicholas Mesarites

Writer; born ca.1163/4, died after 1214. By 1200 Mesarites (Μεσαρίτης) held high ecclesiastical office—skeuophylax at the Pharos church in Constantinople. He left the capital for ...

Mesarites, Nicholas

Mesarites, Nicholas   Reference library

Alexander Kazhdan

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
377 words

..., Nicholas , writer; born ca. 1163/4 , died after 1214 . By 1200 Mesarites (Μεσαρίτης) held high ecclesiastical office— skeuophylax at the Pharos church in Constantinople. He left the capital for Nicaea after his brother John died ( 5 Feb. 1207 ) and became metropolitan of Ephesus and exarch of Asia. In 1214 he headed an embassy to Constantinople for talks with Cardinal Pelagius ; the dialogues with the Latins ascribed to him in this connection appear to be forgeries ( G. Spiteris , OrChrAn 204 [ 1977 ] 181–86). Mesarites belonged to the...

Nicholas Mesarites

Nicholas Mesarites  

Writer; born ca.1163/4, died after 1214.By 1200 Mesarites (Μεσαρίτης) held high ecclesiastical office—skeuophylax at the Pharos church in Constantinople. He left the capital for Nicaea after his ...
Eulalios

Eulalios  

(Εὑλάλιος), painter who seems to have flourished as a mosaicist and icon-painter under Manuel I; he is alluded to in several texts of the 12th–14th C. Nicholas Mesarites attributes to ...
John Komnenos

John Komnenos  

Or John the Fat (Παχύς), usurper on 31 July 1200 (not 1201, as previously believed).He was the son of Alexios Axouch and Maria Komnene (Barzos, Genealogia 2:117–35), who was ...
Michael IV Autoreianos

Michael IV Autoreianos  

Patriarch of Constantinople (from 20 March 1208); died Nicaea 26 Aug. 1214.Educated in both the Christian and classical tradition, Michael was a member of the literary circle of Eustathios ...
Great Palace

Great Palace  

(Μέγα παλάτιος), the imperial palace of Constantinople situated on a sloping site between the Hippodrome and the sea walls. Built or begun by Constantine I, it remained the actual residence ...
Pelagius of Albano

Pelagius of Albano  

Or Pelagius Galvani, cardinal-bishop of Albano near Rome (from 1213); died Montecassino, probably 30 Jan. 1230. His early life is unknown. He was most likely of Spanish (or Portuguese) origin. ...
Myrrophoroi

Myrrophoroi  

(μυροφόροι, lit. “unguentbearers”), a term sometimes applied to the half-dozen women who placed themselves at the service of Christ (cf. Synax.CP 789.7–18) but more usually confined to the women who ...
Islamic Influence On Byzantine Art

Islamic Influence On Byzantine Art  

Islam as a religion and political entity had an impact on Byz. as early as the mid-7th C., but it hardly affected the arts during the Umayyad Caliphate, which adopted ...
frontality

frontality  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. The representation of figures or objects so that they face directly toward the viewer and tend towards bilateral symmetry (a ‘front view’ or ‘head-on’ view).2. Broadly, the depiction of figures, ...
acheiropoieta

acheiropoieta  

[Greek, ‘objects not made by [human] hands’] Primarily used of direct impressions of Christ’s face (the Kamoulianai Christ, the Mandylion of Edessa, the Veronica of Rome, and the Shroud of Turin), a ...
ekphrasis

ekphrasis  

An extended and detailed literary description of any object, real or imaginary. ‘There are ekphraseis of faces and objects and places and ages and many other things’ (Hermogenes).
Nicaea

Nicaea  

An ancient city in Asia Minor, on the site of modern Iznik, which was important in Roman and Byzantine times. It was the site of two ecumenical councils of the early Christian Church (in 325 and ...
mint

mint  

A place where money is coined, especially under state authority. Recorded from Old English (in form mynet ‘coin’, and of West Germanic origin) the word is related to Dutch munt and German Münze, from ...
house

house  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A house divided cannot stand proverbial saying, mid 11th century; originally with biblical allusion to Matthew 12:25, ‘Every city or house divided against itself shall not stand.’ (Compare united we ...
Eulalios

Eulalios   Reference library

Anthony Cutler

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
116 words

...(Εὑλάλιος), painter who seems to have flourished as a mosaicist and icon-painter under Manuel I ; he is alluded to in several texts of the 12th–14th C. Nicholas Mesarites attributes to him the images of the Pantokrator and the Myrrophoroi in the Church of the Holy Apostles , Constantinople, and suggests that Eulalios inserted his own image into the latter scene. This statement was questioned by Demus ( infra ) but is still consistent with the ethos of 12th-C. monumental painting . N. Bees , Kunstgeschichtliche Untersuchungen über die...

Pelagius of Albano

Pelagius of Albano   Reference library

Alexander Kazhdan

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
311 words

...most likely of Spanish (or Portuguese) origin. Auditor and judge at the curia of Popes Innocent III and Honorius III , in 1214–15 Pelagius came to Byz. as papal legate, with Nicholas of Otranto as his interpreter. He aroused the hostility of the Greek population of Constantinople by closing their churches, an action countermanded by the Latin emperor Henry . Nicholas Mesarites , who represented the Nicaean empire at negotiations between the Eastern and Western churches, left a detailed description (probably fictitious, according to G. Spiteris , ...

Inn

Inn   Reference library

Alexander Kazhdan and Alice-Mary Talbot

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
369 words

...could stop and rest. Nicholas Mesarites in the 12th C. vividly described an inn in the small kastellion of Kyr George near Nicaea ( A. Heisenberg , Quellen und Studien zur spätbyzantinischen Geschichte [London 1973 ] 2.2 [ 1923 ] 40f): his companion awoke in the morning, kindled a fire in the hearth from the previous day's ashes, put an earthenware pot on an iron tripod, and began his breakfast, holding the meat in his left hand and cutting it into pieces with a knife, washing down the meat and bread with wine, while poor Mesarites suffered from the...

Ariston and Deipnon

Ariston and Deipnon   Reference library

Apostolos Karpozilos and Alexander Kazhdan

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
227 words

...their ariston after the orthros ; sometimes it was their only meal. Laymen did not eat their first meal until midday: John II Komnenos is said to have had the ariston after hunting, and Niketas Choniates ridicules the emperors who were served an early deipnon . Nicholas Mesarites describes ariston as a noontime meal that included bread, wine, fish, meat, and vegetables ( A. Heisenberg , Quellen und Studien zur spätbyzantinischen Geschichte [London 1973 ] pt.II, 3, pp. 41.35–42.2). The austere Kekaumenos (Kek. 224.21–22) recommended a large ...

Frontality

Frontality   Reference library

Anthony Cutler

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
217 words

...and, above all, the intensity of private communication. That the Byz. were conscious of this unmediated experience even in monumental decoration is demonstrated by the ekphrasis of the Pantokrator in the Church of the Holy Apostles (Constantinople) written by Nicholas Mesarites (ed. Downey , 870, 901). Demus , Byz. Mosaic 7f, 27–29. M. Schapiro , Words and Pictures (The Hague—Paris 1973) 38–49, 59–63. K.M. Swoboda , Die Frontalfigur zwischen Spätantike und Frühgotik, in Arte in Europa. Scritti di storia dell'arte in onore di Edoardo Arslan...

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