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Nicholas III

Subject: Religion

(25 Nov. 1277–22 Aug. 1280) After John XXI's unexpected death the seven cardinals took six months to choose a successor. The most obvious candidate was Giovanni Gaetano, born in ...

Nicholas III

Nicholas III (25 Nov. 1277)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
253 words

...) against Charles and bribed Nicholas to join this alliance. Anti-Union resistance in Byz. grew, but Michael dispatched a new mission to Rome to continue negotiations; when the envoys arrived, however, Nicholas was already dead. A. Demski , Papst Nikolaus III . (Münster in Westfalen 1903). S. Runciman , Pope Nicholas III and Byzantine Gold , in Mélanges offerts à Etienne Gilson (Toronto-Paris 1959) 537–45; criticism by V. Laurent , BZ 53 [1960] 211. Alexander...

Nicholas III

Nicholas III   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Popes (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,094 words

...he had had no relatives to whom to show excessive favours’. He was buried in the chapel of St Nicholas which he had constructed in St Peter's. Further Reading Realencyklopädie für protestantische Theologie und Kirche (Leipzig, 1898–1908) J. Gay and S. Vitte , Les Registres de Nicholas III (Paris, 1898–1938) A. Demski , Papst Nikolaus III. (Munich, 1903) R. Sternfeld , Der Kardinal Johann Gaetan Orsini (Papst Nikolaus III. , 1244–77) (Berlin, 1905) E. Dupré-Theseides , Roma dal comune di popolo alla signoria pontificia...

Nicholas III Grammatikos

Nicholas III Grammatikos (Aug. 1084–Apr./May 1111)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
342 words

... III Grammatikos , patriarch of Constantinople ( Aug. 1084–Apr./May 1111 ); died Constantinople. According to an unpublished enkomion by Nicholas Mouzalon , Nicholas Grammatikos was educated in Constantinople and lived in Pisidian Antioch (where he probably took the monastic habit). He left this city ca. 1068 when it was endangered by Turkish raids ( J. Darrouzès , TM 6 [ 1976 ] 163, n.4). In Constantinople he founded the monastery dedicated to John the Baptist and called tou Lophou ( Janin , Eglises CP 418f). After several years Alexios I ...

Nicholas III, Pope

Nicholas III, Pope (1210)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
132 words

... III, Pope ( 1210 / 20 – 1280 ) Giangaetano Orsini was the son of senator Matteo Rosso, to whom St Francis had predicted his papal future. Created cardinal by Innocent IV ( 1244 ), within the Sacred College he played the role of a party leader and had important political missions entrusted to him (treaty of Paris , 1258 ; investiture of Charles of Anjou , 1265 ). He became Pope in 1277 . His pontificate was dominated by the attachment of Romagna to the States of the Church in 1278 . The great architect of Orsini power at Rome and...

Nicholas III

Nicholas III  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(25 Nov. 1277–22 Aug. 1280)After John XXI's unexpected death the seven cardinals took six months to choose a successor. The most obvious candidate was Giovanni Gaetano, born in Rome 1210/20 as son of ...
Nicholas III Grammatikos

Nicholas III Grammatikos  

Patriarch of Constantinople (Aug. 1084–Apr./May 1111); died Constantinople.According to an unpublished enkomion by Nicholas Mouzalon, Nicholas Grammatikos was educated in Constantinople and lived in ...
31 The History of the Book in Hungary

31 The History of the Book in Hungary   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,942 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...1640 and printed more than 100 books, mostly in Hungarian. János Brewer brought his finely cut Dutch types back from Holland to his press at Lőcse (Levoča) to produce, with his brother Samuel, exquisite editions of *Comenius ' work, as well as the famous *calendars of Lőcse. Nicholas *Kis followed the same pattern, starting his apprenticeship with *Blaeu in Amsterdam, improving his type designing, cutting, and printing skills. By 1685 he had produced 3,500 copies of his Amsterdam Bible. In 1686 he published the Book of Psalms, translated by Albert...

Labour History

Labour History   Quick reference

John L. Halstead

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,401 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...matters became inescapable for a party of government. They had an impact on the labour movement's local organizations and, in an age of radio and modern transport, touched individual lives. Fascism touched one of Labour's most brilliant politicians, Sir Oswald Mosley . His son Nicholas Mosley demonstrates in Rules of the Game: Sir Oswald and Lady Cynthia Mosley, 1896–1933 ( 1982 ; new edn with Beyond the Pale , 1998 ) how an essay in family history can make a valuable contribution to labour history. Mosley's experience (his full biography is Robert...

Theatre

Theatre   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,088 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Macbeth, Hamlet, Henry V, King John , and Richard III , but his work did not meet with universal acceptance by managers and censors. King Lear was not performed for a period due to George III 's illness, while Julius Caesar and Coriolanus were often avoided because Shakespeare's depiction of tensions between the governing classes and plebeians struck too close to home. Other notable stalwarts of the repertory were the pathetic tragedies Venice Preserv'd , by Thomas Otway , and Nicholas Rowe 's Jane Shore and The Fair Penitent . All three...

Welsh Local and Family History

Welsh Local and Family History   Quick reference

D. Huw Owen

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,425 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... ( c. 1520 – 1586 / 7 ) during the period 1578–84 , ed. B. L. James ( 1983 ), was influenced both by contemporary antiquarian scholars and also by the Welsh bardic tradition, with hospitality provided for itinerant poets at Merrick's home, Cottrell, in the parish of St Nicholas, Glamorgan. Antiquarian scholars also contributed to the production of the early printed maps of Wales , which contained detailed topographical information; see D. Huw Owen , Early Printed Maps of Wales (1996) . Humphrey Llwyd ( c .1527–1568 ), one of the leading...

Exploration

Exploration   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,825 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Made During a Voyage Round the World , ed. N. Thomas , H. Guest , & M. Dettelbach , Honolulu , 1997; Pratt, M. L. , Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation , London, 1992; Smith, B. , European Vision and the South Pacific , New Haven, Conn., 1985. Nicholas...

Religion

Religion   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,549 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...precision that their contemporaries unkindly dubbed them ‘methodists’ [ see *Methodism ]. On his way to a brief career as a *missionary in the new colony of Georgia, John Wesley fell in with a group of *Moravians , a German pietistic sect founded a decade earlier by Count Nicholas Ludwig von Zinzendorf . When he returned to London in 1738 , Wesley attended a meeting at a Moravian chapel and there underwent the spiritual conversion that drove his mission to convert the British Isles, and particularly those among its inhabitants whom the regular forms of...

5 The European Medieval Book

5 The European Medieval Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
9,862 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...theology and biblical commentary. Among these are works by the great Dominican masters (such as Hugh of St-Cher , d. 1263 , Thomas Aquinas , d. 1274 , and Albertus Magnus , d. 1280 ), and the Franciscans, including Bonaventure (d. 1274 ), Duns Scotus (d. 1308 ), and Nicholas of Lyra (d. 1349 ). There were also textbooks of mathematics and science, especially new Latin versions of Aristotle, derived from medieval translations into Arabic. MSS from Bologna included books of Roman law, both secular and religious, often with extensive commentaries....

Cheltenham

Cheltenham  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
GloucestershireRegency spa town on the A40 and the A46, 9 m. NE of Gloucester, made popular as a spa after George III's visit in 1788. Fanny Burney, whose official ...
Pontefract

Pontefract  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
West YorkshireMarket town now in the borough of Wakefield. The castle at Pontefract (formerly Pomfret) was the scene of the incarceration and death of Shakespeare's Richard II:I have been ...
Market Bosworth

Market Bosworth  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
LeicestershireSmall town on the B585, 14 m. W of Leicester and 2 m. N of the battlefield of Bosworth Field, 1485, which brings an end to Richard of Gloucester in Shakespeare's Richard III.[...]
Siege of Damascus

Siege of Damascus  

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In June 1148, King Baldwin III of Jerusalem met with the leaders of the Second Crusade, King Louis VII of France and King Conrad III of Germany, at Palmarea to ...
Anastasius III

Anastasius III  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c. Sept. 911–c. Oct. 913)A Roman by birth, son of Lucian, he was elected and died at dates which cannot be firmly determined. Nothing is known of his earlier career or of the circumstances of his ...
William III–VI, counts of Holland, Hainaut, and Zeeland

William III–VI, counts of Holland, Hainaut, and Zeeland  

(1304–1417)William III (r. 1304–37) was a diplomat, who built alliances within the Low Countries and with the English and the (Holy) Roman emperor to strengthen the region’s resistance to ...
Nicholas II

Nicholas II  

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Overview Page
(b. 18 May 1868, d. 16 July 1918).Tsar of Russia 1894–1918The son of Alexander III, he was determined to defend his autocratic rule despite the growth of an articulate, political opposition. His ...

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