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New South Wales

A member state of the federal Commonwealth of Australia, was founded 26 January 1788 as a penal colony when Britain annexed over two‐thirds of the Australian continent. NSW was later ...

New South Wales

New South Wales (Australia)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...New South Wales , Australia A state. Captain James Cook so named the coastal area of eastern Australia in 1770 because he is said to have thought that the coastline was much like that of southern Wales. It came to refer to practically the entire eastern half of Australia—the territory east of 135° East. Subsequently, however, the territory named New South Wales became smaller and smaller as new colonies were established until it reached its present size in 1915...

New South Wales

New South Wales   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
135 words

... South Wales State in se Australia, on the Tasman Sea; the capital is Sydney . Captain James Cook first visited the area in 1770 , landing at Botany Bay. He claimed the e coast of Australia for Britain, naming it New South Wales. The colony developed in the 19th century with the growth of the wool industry. New South Wales achieved responsible government in 1855 , becoming a state of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 . The Great Dividing Range separates the narrow coastal lowlands from the w plains. The Murray River and its tributaries are...

New South Wales

New South Wales   Quick reference

Neil Morris

Dictionary Plus Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
114 words

...New South Wales A state of south-east Australia; capital, Sydney. Originally home to Aboriginal peoples, it was visited by Captain James Cook in 1770 and colonized from Britain in 1788 . After gaining a legislative assembly in 1856 , it became a state of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 . Near the Pacific coast, the Great Dividing Range, including the Snowy Mountains and Mount Kosciusko (2,228 m), separates the coastal lowlands from the western plains (bush or outback). Major crops are wheat, maize, and oats, and important mineral resources include...

New South Wales

New South Wales   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
135 words

... South Wales , a member state of the federal Commonwealth of Australia, was founded 26 January 1788 as a penal colony when Britain annexed over two‐thirds of the Australian continent. NSW was later separated into Tasmania ( 1825 , settled 1803 ), South Australia ( 1834 , settled 1836 ), Victoria ( 1851 , settled 1834 ), Northern Territory ( 1863 , incorporated as a federal territory in 1910 , yet to achieve full statehood), Queensland ( 1859 , settled 1824 ), and the Australian Capital Territory ( 1911 ). With its convict heritage, large unionized...

New South Wales

New South Wales   Reference library

James Halliday and Huon Hooke

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,294 words

...Nowhere in Australia is the rate of change and the pace of growth more apparent than it is in New South Wales. The development of viticulture along the entire length of the western (or inland) side of the Great Dividing Range could not have been foreseen at the start of the 1990s, but from the end of the 20th century it has been making a significant contribution to the national crush. The principal zones are the Central Ranges Zone and the Southern New South Wales Zone, providing two and a half times as much wine as the Hunter Valley. The former takes in the...

New South Wales

New South Wales   Reference library

Martyn Webb

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
253 words

... South Wales , a member state of the federal Commonwealth of Australia, was founded 26 January 1788 as a penal colony when Britain annexed over two-thirds of the Australian continent. NSW was later separated into Tasmania ( 1825 , settled 1803 ), South Australia ( 1834 , settled 1836 ), Victoria ( 1851 , settled 1834 ), Northern Territory ( 1863 , incorporated as a federal territory in 1910 , yet to achieve full statehood), Queensland ( 1859 , settled 1824 ), and the Australian Capital Territory ( 1911 ). With an area of 310,372 square miles and...

New South Wales

New South Wales   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,040 words

... South Wales New South Wales, proclaimed as a colony in 1788 , nominally extended over the whole eastern half of the Australian continent. However, government was for twenty‐five years confined within a 50‐km radius of Sydney Cove and to the remote outstations of Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land. While today New South Wales politics covers the entire state, it remains dominated by the economic, demographic, and political power of its overwhelmingly large city, Sydney. The birth of New South Wales as a white society did not augur well for development of ...

New South Wales

New South Wales   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,873 words

... South Wales , founded as a convict settlement in 1788 , was the mother colony of the Australias; its inhabitants continue to believe that it is the heartland of the nation. Historians have supported them in this; since World War II they have written histories of every state except NSW. The history of NSW has to be found within the histories of Australia. The pre-eminence of NSW has a substantial basis. At its foundation it encompassed two-thirds of the continent. Four other colonies were carved from it: Tasmania , 1825 ; South Australia , 1836 ; ...

New South Wales Magazine

New South Wales Magazine   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
55 words

... South Wales Magazine owned and edited by Ralph Mansfield , was published monthly in Sydney, August 1833 to March 1834 . The magazine included general news items, religious material, serials, short stories, poetry and literary reviews. Henry Halloran and John Lhotsky were contributors. A second monthly New South Wales Magazine was published in Sydney in 1843...

New South Wales Corps

New South Wales Corps   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... South Wales Corps was an Army unit raised in England to replace the Marines who had accompanied the First Fleet. The Marines had clashed with Governor Phillip over their refusal to supervise convicts or undertake judicial duties and had only been an interim measure, so on 8 June 1789 the British government issued an order to recruit a new regiment. Major Francis Grose was appointed commanding officer, and in June 1790 the first 183 men of the corps landed in Sydney. From the departure of Governor Phillip in December 1792 to the arrival of Governor...

New South Wales Corps

New South Wales Corps   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
190 words

... South Wales Corps was a British regiment formed in 1789 . Its first detachment sailed with the Second Fleet and arrived in Sydney in 1790 . Officers of the corps quickly became involved in local trade. For a short period ( 1792–95 ) it had virtual administrative control over the colony, and its members, who included John Macarthur , gained large land grants. By exploiting its position, notably through its control of the rum trade—hence its later name ‘Rum Corps’—the regiment developed a reputation for corruption. Convicts feared and despised the ‘redcoats’...

New South Wales premiers

New South Wales premiers   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,461 words

...that the opposition was not a credible alternative, Iemma was easily re‐elected. Since 1901 , only four other New South Wales premiers have won an election after taking over during a term. David Clune Further reading Clune, David and Turner, Ken (eds) (2006), The Premiers of New South Wales, 1856–2005 Loveday Peter and Martin, A. W. (1966), Parliament, Factions and Parties: The First Thirty Years of Responsible Government In New South Wales, 1856–1889 Loveday, Peter , Martin, Allan W. and Parker, R. S. (eds) (1977), The Emergence of the...

New South Wales General Standing Orders

New South Wales General Standing Orders   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
22 words

... South Wales General Standing Orders a selection of governors' orders, was, when published in 1802 , the first book printed in...

New South Wales, Governor of

New South Wales, Governor of   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
60 words

...New South Wales, Governor of The vice-regal representative of the Australian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in New South Wales. The governor presides over constitutional and ceremonial functions at state level. Until World War II, the position was always filled by a British citizen. The first Australian-born person to be appointed as governor was Sir John Northcott in 1946 . Kenneth...

New South Wales Legislative Council

New South Wales Legislative Council   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Law
Length:
70 words

... South Wales Legislative Council The New South Wales Legislative Council was founded in 1823 as part of Australia’s oldest legislature. It is the upper house of the two chambers of the New South Wales Parliament, based at Parliament House in Sydney. The council has forty-two members, elected by proportional representation in which the whole house is treated as a single electorate. Each member serves an eight-year term. Kenneth...

Lake Mungo, New South Wales, Australia

Lake Mungo, New South Wales, Australia   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
126 words

...Mungo, New South Wales, Australia [Si] An early occupation site beside the former Willandra Lakes in the arid region of New South Wales. Surveys by J. M. Bowler in 1968 and 1969 revealed midden deposits associated with stone tools belonging to the Australian core tool and scraper tradition dating to between 23 000 and 30 000 years ago. Fossilized skeletal material representing three individuals was found, some of it suggesting deliberate cremation. The Willandra Lakes started to dry up about 15 000 years ago and with growing aridity the area became...

New South Wales Bookstall Co.

New South Wales Bookstall Co.   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
93 words

... South Wales Bookstall Co. Australian publisher. Beginning as a chain of railway bookstalls in the 1870s , the NSW Bookstall Co. began publishing under Alfred Cecil Rowlandson ( 1865–1922 ). The Bookstall’s cheap, often lurid *paperbacks sold millions. The dominant genres were romance, comedy, and adventure, mostly set in the Australian bush or the Pacific. At least sixteen Bookstall titles, most famously Steele Rudd ’s On Our Selection (first published 1899 ), were made into films. The Bookstall ceased publishing in 1946 . Ian Morrison C. Mills , ...

Literature in New South Wales

Literature in New South Wales (1866)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
149 words

...laid. The remarkably wide-ranging and perceptive survey covers newspapers, periodicals, poetry, fiction, oratory, history, biography, travel writings, philology, physical science, geography, law and theology. Both Literature in New South Wales and its companion volume, The Poets and Prose Writers of New South Wales (q.v., 1866 ), were commissioned for the Paris Exhibition of 1867...

Historical Records of New South Wales

Historical Records of New South Wales   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
232 words

...Records of New South Wales , a documentary record of the discovery and early years of British settlement in NSW, was published in seven volumes, the first in two parts, making eight books in all, 1892–1901 . Their publication grew out of the collecting of documents for a multi-volume history of NSW, which began under G. B. Barton as a contribution to the 1888 centenary but was abandoned in 1894 with only two volumes published. Volume one, part one, of the Historical Records of New South Wales comprises mainly extracts from the logs of Captain...

New South Wales, State Library of

New South Wales, State Library of   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
154 words

... South Wales, State Library of Located in Sydney, Australia, and tracing its origins to the Australian Subscription Library established in 1826 , the State Library of NSW was founded as a publicly funded institution (originally the Free Public Library, Sydney) in 1869 . Under H. C. L. *Anderson , around the turn of the 20 th century the library expanded, developing services for business as well as rural readers. D. S. *Mitchell ’s bequest saw the establishment of the Mitchell Library (opened 1910 ). The benefactions of Sir William Dixson ( 1870–1952 ),...

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