Update

You are looking at 1-20 of 15,880 entries  for:

  • All: New Deal x
clear all

View:

Overview

New Deal

The package of policies adopted in the US in the 1930s under President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882–1945) to promote economic recovery from the Great Depression. This included price ...

New Deal

New Deal (1933–39)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
84 words

... Deal ( 1933–39 ) Programme for social and economic reconstruction in the USA following the Great Depression , launched by President Franklin D. Roosevelt . It was based on massive and unprecedented federal intervention in the economy. Early measures, including extensive public works, mainly dealt with relief. The New Deal encountered bitter resistance from conservatives and did not avert further recession in 1937–38 . Industrial expansion, full employment, and agricultural prosperity were achieved less by the New Deal than by the advent of World War...

New Deal

New Deal   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
153 words

... Deal The programme of Franklin D. Roosevelt ( 1933–38 ), in which he attempted to salvage the US economy and raise the Great Depression . New Deal legislation was proposed by progressive politicians, administrators, and Roosevelt’s ‘brains trust’. It was passed by overwhelming majorities in Congress. The emergency legislation of 1933 ended the bank crisis and restored public confidence; the relief measures of the so-called first New Deal of 1933–35 , such as the establishment of the Tennessee Valley Authority, stimulated productivity; and the Works...

New Deal

New Deal   Quick reference

David Mervin

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
146 words

... Deal In 1932 Franklin Roosevelt in accepting the Democratic nomination for the Presidency said, ‘I pledge you, I pledge myself to a new deal for the American people’. At the time this was little more than campaign rhetoric, but the New Deal was subsequently widely used as an umbrella term to characterize the domestic reform programmes of the Roosevelt administration in the 1930s. These included banking and finance reform, various relief programmes for the unemployed, agriculture recovery legislation, the National Industrial Recovery Act, the act setting up...

New Deal

New Deal ([Hist.])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
85 words

... Deal [Hist.] A name for the economic measures introduced by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 to counteract the effects of the Great Depression. It involved, among other things, a massive public works programme, and succeeded in reducing unemployment to between 7 and 10 million. > A government programme designed to tackle a particular problem Under a programme called New Deal for Schools, a mix of improving conditions and modernising facilities will bring a better environment for learning for thousands of pupils. Rochdale Observer ...

New Deal

New Deal   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
626 words

...never had power before). See also Brains Trust ; Roosevelt, Franklin D. Sources Melvyn Dubofsky and Stephen Burwood , eds., The New Deal (New York: Garland, 1990). Robert Eden , ed., The New Deal and Its Legacy (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1989). Katie Louchheim , ed., The Making of the New Deal (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983). Robert S. McElvaine , The Depression and New Deal: A History in Documents (New York: Oxford University Press,...

New Deal

New Deal   Reference library

John Joseph Wallis

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
2,779 words
Illustration(s):
1

...level did not decline during the New Deal; in fact, it increased. State government expenditures were 2.8 percent of GNP in 1932 and 5.1 percent of GNP in 1940 . The reason that state expenditures grew as the federal government expanded points to a second important fact about the New Deal: it involved state and local governments. New Deal programs for public works, relief, and agricultural support relied heavily on state and local governments for their operation. The New Deal had two components: the “national” New Deal, programs involving only the national...

New Deal

New Deal   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,179 words

...failure. The “Second New Deal.” By the spring of 1935 , the New Deal faced new demands. The Depression continued. The trade union movement, invigorated by the collective bargaining provisions of the NIRA, pressed for new reform legislation. Dissident politicians on the Right and the Left attacked the administration and, some believed, threatened Roosevelt's reelection. The administration responded with a new set of initiatives, frequently labeled the “Second New Deal.” Some of the most celebrated efforts of the Second New Deal were, like many of those...

New Deal

New Deal   Reference library

Alan Brinkley

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,220 words

...failure. The “Second New Deal.” By the spring of 1935 , the New Deal faced new demands. The Depression continued. The trade union movement, invigorated by the collective bargaining provisions of the NIRA, pressed for new reform legislation. Dissident politicians on the right and the left attacked the administration and, some believed, threatened Roosevelt's reelection. The administration responded with a new set of initiatives, frequently labeled the “Second New Deal.” Some of the most celebrated efforts of the Second New Deal were, like many of those...

New Deal

New Deal   Reference library

Joseph A. McCartin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
3,892 words

...Alan. The End of Reform: New Deal Liberalism in Recession and War . New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995. Cohen, Lizabeth. Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago, 1919–1939 . Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990. Dubofsky, Melvyn, ed. The New Deal: Conflicting Interpretations and Shifting Perspectives . New York: Garland, 1992. Fraser, Steve, and Gary Gerstle, eds. The Rise and Fall of the New Deal Order, 1930–1980 . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1989. Hawley, Ellis. The New Deal and the Problem of Monopoly ;...

New Deal

New Deal   Reference library

Alan Brinkley

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,222 words

...failure. The “Second New Deal.” By the spring of 1935 , the New Deal faced new demands. The Depression continued. The trade union movement, invigorated by the collective bargaining provisions of the NIRA, pressed for new reform legislation. Dissident politicians on the right and the left attacked the administration and, some believed, threatened Roosevelt’s reelection. The administration responded with a new set of initiatives, frequently labeled the “Second New Deal.” Some of the most celebrated efforts of the Second New Deal were, like many of those...

New Deal

New Deal   Reference library

William M. Wiecek

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
495 words

... Deal The term New Deal refers to the domestic program of President Franklin D. Roosevelt , or in a more general sense, to his first two terms of office ( 1933–1941 ). The Supreme Court had a great impact on the New Deal—and vice versa. Roosevelt's approach to the crisis of the Great Depression was characterized by an attitude of experimentation and a confidence that sufficient constitutional power already existed to enable the states and the nation to surmount economic difficulties. The Constitution was “so simple and practical,” Roosevelt averred in a...

New Deal

New Deal   Reference library

Luca Prono

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
571 words

... Deal . Upon accepting the Democratic presidential nomination in July 1932 , Franklin D. Roosevelt announced, if elected, a “new deal” for the “forgotten man.” This promise led to his landslide victory against Herbert Clark Hoover in November the same year. The phrase has since come to describe the measures taken by the Roosevelt administration to fight the economic depression that had affected the United States since the stock market crash of 1929 . Between 1933 and 1939 , Roosevelt and his administration took action to foster economic relief and...

New Deal

New Deal   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
95 words

...New Deal The package of policies adopted in the US in the 1930s under President Franklin D. Roosevelt ( 1882–1945 ) to promote economic recovery from the Great Depression. This included price stabilization through the National Recovery Administration, extension of collective bargaining through the Wagner Act , promotion of financial stability through the creation of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation , social security including the creation of Aid to Families with Dependent Children , and a programme of...

New Deal

New Deal ((USA))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
615 words

...New Deal (USA) The First Hundred Days The term used to describe President F. D. Roosevelt 's programme to deal with the effects of the Great Depression in 1933–9 . There are at least two claimants for coining the term, Roosevelt's adviser Raymond Moley and speech-writer Samuel Rosenman. It was first used in the 1932 election. The First New Deal Program ( 1933–5 ) aimed to restore public confidence and to relieve the plight of some fourteen million unemployed. Immediate measures of the First Hundred Days included an Emergency Banking Act ( March 1933 ),...

New Deal architecture

New Deal architecture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,618 words

...D. Leighninger Jr. “ Cultural Infrastructure: The Legacy of New Deal Public Space, ” J. Architect. Educ, 49/4 (May 1996), pp. 226–36 A. J. Lee : Architects to the Nation: The Rise and Decline of the Supervising Architect's Office (New York, 2000) S. A. Butler : Constructing New Deal America: Public Art and Architecture and Institutional Legitimacy (diss., U. Virginia, 2001) C. D. Knepper : Greenbelt, Maryland: A Living Legacy of the New Deal (Baltimore, 2001) C. V. West : Tennessee's New Deal Landscape: A Guidebook (Knoxville, TN, 2001) W. H. Jordy :...

The New Deal

The New Deal   Reference library

Wendy L. Wall

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
15,667 words

...51. Badger, The New Deal , 73. 52. Badger, The New Deal , 90. 53. Leuchtenburg, Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal , 133. 54. Leuchtenburg, Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal , 131. 55. Kenneth S. Davis , FDR: The New Deal Years, 1933–1937 (New York: Random House, 1986), 437. 56. Schlesinger, The Coming of the New Deal , 315. 57. Kennedy, Freedom from Fear , 260. 58. Schlesinger, The Coming of the New Deal , 308–309. 59. Schlesinger, The Coming of the New Deal , 138–140. 60. Lizabeth Cohen , Making a New Deal: Industrial...

New Deal Era, The.

New Deal Era, The.   Reference library

Joseph A. McCartin

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
3,774 words

... Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, 1932–1940 , 1963. Ellis Hawley , The New Deal and the Problem of Monopoly , 1966. Richard Pells , Radical Visions, American Dreams: Culture and Social Thought in the Depression Years , 1973. Harvard Sitkoff , A New Deal for Blacks , 1978. Susan Ware , Holding Their Own: American Women in the 1930s , 1982. Robert McElvaine , The Great Depression , 1984. Steve Fraser and Gary Gerstle , eds., The Rise and Fall of the New Deal Order, 1930–1980 , 1989. Lizabeth Cohen , Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago,...

New Deal Social Reforms

New Deal Social Reforms   Reference library

Margaret C. Rung

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Events in the Institutionalization of the Tennessee Valley Authority . Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997. A political science analysis of the creation and development of the TVA, with an emphasis on the competing New Deal ideological factions underpinning the conception of the TVA. Leuchtenburg, William E. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, 1932–1940 . New York: Harper & Row, 1963. A classic and invaluable study of the myriad New Deal reforms passed under the Roosevelt administration. Margaret C....

New Deal Corporate Regulation

New Deal Corporate Regulation   Reference library

Margaret C. Rung

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management, Economics
Length:
2,446 words

...Bibliography Hawley, Ellis W. The New Deal and the Problem of Monopoly: A Study in Economic Ambivalence . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1966. Himmelberg, Robert F. , ed. The New Deal and Corporate Power: Antitrust and Regulatory Policies during the Thirties and World War II . Business and Government in America since 1870, vol. 7. New York: Garland, 1994. Himmelberg, Robert F. , ed. Survival of Corporatism during the New Deal Era, 1933–1945 . Business and Government in America since 1870, vol. 6. New York: Garland, 1994. Johnson, James P...

New Deal Banking Regulation

New Deal Banking Regulation   Reference library

Patrick M. Dixon

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...and Regulation ; Glass–Steagall, Repeal of ; and Great Depression (1929–1939) . ] Bibliography Benston, George J. The Separation of Commercial and Investment Banking: The Glass–Steagall Act Revisited and Reconsidered . New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. Burns, Helen M. The American Banking Community and New Deal Banking Reforms, 1933–1935 . Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1974. Patrick M. Dixon...

View: