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Nero

Subject: Music, Opera

1 (Monteverdi: L'incoronazione di Poppea). Sop. Travesti role (but has been sung by a ten.) (originally castrato). Emperor of Rome. Married to Ottavia but in love with Poppea, ...

Nero

Nero (ad 37–68)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
56 words

... ( ad 37–68 ) Roman Emperor ( 54–68 ). One of the most notorious of rulers, he was responsible for the murders of his half-brother, his mother, and his first wife. Rome burned ( 64 ), according to rumour, at Nero's instigation. He blamed the Christians and began their persecution. Faced with widespread rebellion, Nero committed...

Nero

Nero (54–68 ce)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
120 words

... Roman emperor , 54–68 ce ; after a reign that began with moderation, Nero became increasingly brutal and irresponsible. In 64 there was a serious fire in a largely residential area; it was where Nero then built himself a palace, and in order to scotch rumours that he had himself caused the fire, he laid the blame on Christians, some of whom were executed by * crucifixion or burning or by wild beasts in the circus. * Tacitus remarks that this cruelty won wide sympathy amongst the populace for the Christians. It is probable that Peter and Paul were...

Nero

Nero (ad 37–68)([Hist.])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
152 words

... [Hist.] ( ad 37–68 ) A Roman emperor in 54–68 , notorious for his tyranny and cruelty. He ordered the murder of his mother Agrippina in 59 , and his reign was marked by the persecution of Christians and the executions of leading Romans who had plotted against him. Nero was alleged to have started the fire that destroyed half of Rome in 64 . As the city burned, Nero allegedly played his fiddle and simply watched. > A despotic or tyrannical leader; someone who stands by and watches while disaster occurs Blair has a massive majority in Parliament—a...

Nero

Nero   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
114 words

...Nero , Emily Brontë 's pet hawk rescued from an abandoned nest on the moors and kept in a cage until given away while she was in Brussels ( see pets owned by the brontës ). Emily's poem, known as ‘The Caged Bird’ (‘And like myself lone wholly lone’) and dated 27 February 1841 , in which she identifies with a bird pining for liberty, may refer to Nero. Her detailed watercolour of a merlin is also likely to be of Nero, since it is clearly painted from close observation (Alexander & Sellars, pp. 384–5). The hawk was formerly referred to by Brontë biographers as...

Nero

Nero   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
35 words

... [Na] Roman emperor ad 54–68 , stepson and heir of the emperor Claudius. He became infamous for his personal debaucheries and extravagances and, on doubtful evidence, for his burning of Rome and persecutions of...

Nero

Nero (37–68ce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,205 words
Illustration(s):
1

... (Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus, 37–68 ce ), Roman emperor from 54 to 68 ce . In the popular imagination Nero is the quintessential vicious tyrant, probably more so than any other Roman emperor. He was born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus on 15 December in the year 37 ce , during the reign of his uncle Gaius Caligula—an emperor whose reputation for depravity is probably second only to Nero's. To what extent Nero's egregious conduct was predetermined by family background is a matter for speculation. On the paternal side he was descended from an...

Nero

Nero   Reference library

Martin Percival Charlesworth, Guy Edward Farquhar Chilver, and Miriam T. Griffin

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,726 words

...thus becoming Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar or, as he is sometimes called, Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus. In the next year he assumed the toga virilis (dress indicating manhood) at the early age of 13 and was clearly marked out for the accession by being given the same privileges as Augustus’ grandsons Gaius and Lucius had received. When Claudius died on 13 October 54 , Nero was escorted into the praetorian camp by the prefect Sextus Afranius Burrus. The senate then conferred the necessary powers on Nero and declared his adoptive father a god...

Nero

Nero (15 Dec ad 37)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
512 words

... : Nero: The End of a Dynasty (London, 1984) M. Henig : Architecture and architectural sculpture in the Roman Empire (Oxford, 1990) L. Crescenzi with S. Gizzi and P. Vigilante : Anzio, Villa di Nerone: restauri 1989–1992 (Rome, 1992) S. Gizzi : Villa di Nerone ad Anzio: Perderla o restaurarla? , Boll. A. , lxxxi/96–7 (April–Sept 1996), pp. 97–126 M. Bradley : Fool’s Gold: Colour, Culture, Innovation and Madness in Nero’s Golden House , Apollo , cdlxxxv (July 2002), pp. 35–44 E. Champlin : Nero (Cambridge, MA, 2003) J. Malitz : Nero ...

Nēro

Nēro (ad 37–68)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
483 words

... ( ad 37–68 ) , Roman emperor 54–68 , son of Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus and Agrippina (3) the Younger. His mother was later the fourth wife of the emperor Claudius, who adopted Nero as son and heir. Originally named Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, he assumed on his adoption the name of Nero, a cognomen in the Claudian gens ( see names [Roman] ) first held by a son of Appius Claudius Caecus the Censor, from whom the emperor was descended. (In order to strengthen his rather remote claim to the throne much was made of his connections to the deified...

Nero

Nero ((Nero Claudius Caesar, RE Suppl. 3, ‘Domitius’ 29))   Reference library

Martin Percival Charlesworth, Guy Edward Farquhar Chilver, and Miriam T. Griffin

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,884 words

...K. R. Bradley , Suetonius' Life of Nero: An Historical Commentary (1978); B. H. Warmington , Suetonius' Nero (1977), and Nero, Reality and Legend (1969); M. T. Griffin , Nero: the End of a Dynasty (1984); U. Hiesinger , AJArch . 1975; A. Boethius , The Golden House of Nero (1960); L. Fabbrini , Città e architettura nella Roma imperiale, Analecta Romana Instituti Danici , Suppl. 10 (1983), 169 ff.; F. A. Lepper , JRS 1957, 95 ff.; D. MacDowall , The Western Coinages of Nero (1979); E. Champlin , Nero (2003). Martin Percival Charlesworth ...

Nero

Nero   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,318 words

... Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar or Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus . He assumed the toga virilis at the early age of 13 and was clearly marked out for the accession. When Claudius died in 54 , Nero was escorted into the praetorian camp by the prefect Afranius Burrus . The senate then conferred the necessary powers on Nero and declared his adoptive father a god and Agrippina his priestess. The ancient tradition agrees that Nero's initial years of rule were excellent, a period hailed as a golden age by contemporary poets. Of our three major...

Nero

Nero   Quick reference

Martin Percival Charlesworth, Guy Edward Farquhar Chilver, and Miriam T. Griffin

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,679 words

...Nero's failure to respond decisively had encouraged others to defect. In Spain Galba declared himself ‘Legate of the Senate and Roman People’, and in Africa Lucius Clodius Macer revolted. The praetorians were told that Nero had already fled abroad and were bribed by Gaius Nymphidius Sabinus , one of their prefects, to declare for Galba. The senate followed suit, decreeing Nero a public enemy. Nero took refuge in the villa of his freedman Phaon and there he committed suicide, reputedly lamenting, ‘What an artist dies with me!’ (Suet. Ner. 48–9). Nero's...

Nero

Nero   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Opera Characters (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
108 words

... ( Nerone ) 1 ( Monteverdi : L'incoronazione di Poppea ). Sop. Travesti role (but has been sung by a ten.) (originally castrato). Emperor of Rome. Married to Ottavia but in love with Poppea, wife of Ottone. He banishes Ottone who has attempted to kill Poppea and leaves Ottavia in order to marry Poppea and declare her empress. Created ( 1643 ) possibly by the castrato Stefano Costa. 2 ( Handel : Agrippina ). Sop. Travesti role, (originally castrato). Son of Agrippina by her first marriage. She is ambitious that he should succeed her present husband,...

Nero

Nero   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
122 words

... , Roman Emperor from ad 54 to 68 . He was passionately fond of the theatre and appeared frequently on stage, not only as a dancer in pantomime but as a solo tragic actor in such parts as the Mad Hercules, the Blind Oedipus, the Matricide Orestes, even Canace in Travail. On such occasions he wore a mask, but the features were always modelled on his own or on those of his current mistress. From his famous theatrical tour of Greece in ad 66–7 he returned with 1,808 triumphal crowns. Even his worst crimes do not seem to have shocked conservative opinion...

Nero

Nero (ad 37–68)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
29 words

...0 Nero ad 37 – 68 Roman emperor from ad 54 Qualis artifex pereo! What an artist dies with me! Suetonius Lives of the Caesars ‘Nero’ What an artist ...

Nero

Nero (ad 37–68)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
36 words

... Nero ad 37 – 68 Roman emperor , from 54 ad Qualis artifex pereo! What an artist dies with me! last words before committing suicide Suetonius Lives of the Caesars ‘Nero’ sect. 49 What an artist ...

Nero

Nero (3768)   Reference library

Brewer's Famous Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
65 words

...Nero 37 68 Roman Emperor Qualis artifex pereo! [What a great artist dies with me!] As he drove a dagger into his throat rather than be taken alive. Nero had poetic and artistic ambitions (hence the expression about him fiddling while Rome burned – probably he was playing the lyre). Quoted in Suetonius, Lives of the Caesars and in Barnaby Conrad, Famous Last Words ...

Pallagrello Nero

Pallagrello Nero   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Nero , red wine grape planted on about 170 ha/420 acres of Campania in 2010 . Unrelated to the even rarer Pallagrello Bianco...

Nero, Claudius

Nero, Claudius (37–68)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
462 words

...in Gk. notation. See also Tacitus and Number of the Beast . The principal sources are Tacitus, Annales , 12–16; Suetonius , ‘Nero’; and Dio Cassius, Hist. 61–3. E. M. Smallwood (ed.), Documents illustrating the Principates of Gaius, Claudius and Nero (Cambridge, 1967). B. H. Warmington , Nero: Reality and Legend (1969); M. T. Griffin , Nero: The End of a Dynasty (1984); R. Holland , Nero: The Man Behind the Myth (Stroud, 2000). A. Garzetti , From Tiberius to the Antonines (rev. Eng. tr., 1974), 146–89, with bibl. 605–22 and...

Greco Nero

Greco Nero   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Nero , name for at least five different dark-berried calabrian vine varieties. The 2010 vine census does not distinguish between them and notes a declining total of 827 ha/2,043...

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