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Nelson Goodman

Subject: Philosophy

(1906–98) American philosopher. Born in Massachusetts and educated at Harvard, Goodman was an art dealer in Boston from 1929–41, and held positions at Pennsylvania and Brandeis ...

Goodman, Nelson

Goodman, Nelson   Reference library

Avishai Margalit, Nelson Goodman, and Remei Capdevila-Werning

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
10,201 words

..., Nelson . This entry comprises three essays on the contemporary American philosopher and aesthetician Nelson Goodman: Survey of Thought Art in Action Contemporary Legacy The first essay discusses Goodman’s general philosophy and his aesthetic theory, especially in Languages of Art . The second is an essay by Goodman himself, in which he further pursues his own earlier proposal to understand art in terms of the question “When Is Art?” (rather than “What Is Art?”). The third essay analyzes the legacy of Goodman’s work in contemporary aesthetics. Survey of...

Goodman, Nelson

Goodman, Nelson   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
6,571 words

...only does Goodman have much to say about style, but he also says it with style. See also Relativism ; and Science and Aesthetics , article on Contemporary Thought . Bibliography Works by Goodman Goodman, Nelson The Structure of Appearance (1951). 3d ed. Dordrecht and Boston, 1977. Goodman, Nelson Fact, Fiction, and Forecast (1955). 4th ed. Cambridge, Mass., 1983. Goodman, Nelson Languages of Art:An Approach to a Theory of Symbols (1968). 2d ed. Indianapolis, 1976. Goodman, Nelson Problems and Projects . Indianapolis, 1972. Goodman, Nelson Ways of...

Goodman, Nelson

Goodman, Nelson (1906–98)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
153 words

..., Nelson ( 1906–98 ) American philosopher . Born in Massachusetts and educated at Harvard, Goodman was an art dealer in Boston from 1929–41 , and held positions at Pennsylvania and Brandeis before becoming professor at Harvard in 1968 . Goodman is associated with an extreme nominalism , or mistrust of any appeal to a notion of the similarity between two things, when this is thought of as independent of our linguistic propensities to apply the same term to them. His earliest work, The Structure of Appearance ( 1951 ), is a development of the...

Goodman, Nelson

Goodman, Nelson (1906–98)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
351 words

..., Nelson ( 1906–98 ). One of the most influential American philosophers of the twentieth century, trained at Harvard and Professor there for thirty years. Goodman's first published book was The Structure of Appearance ( 1951 ), an attempt to apply techniques of formal logic to ‘the analysis of phenomena’. Certain entities are characterized as ‘basic individuals’; the objects of ordinary experience are in some sense ‘constructions’ out of these. Goodman has a partiality (though not a commitment) to phenomenalism , the view that basic individuals are...

Goodman, Nelson

Goodman, Nelson   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Nelson ( Henry Nelson Goodman ) ( 1906–98 ), American philosopher , born in Massachusetts, educated at Harvard. Among several academic posts he has held professorships in philosophy at Tufts College and at Brandeis University; in 1968 he was appointed Professor of Philosophy at Harvard. The Structure of Appearance ( 1951 ) gained him notice for its penetrating analysis of phenomenalistic systems of philosophy. His reputation increased with the appearance of Fact, Fiction, and Forecast ( 1954 ), in which he introduced the celebrated ‘Goodman's...

Goodman, Nelson

Goodman, Nelson (1906–1998)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,253 words

..., Nelson ( 1906–1998 ), American philosopher , author of original and controversial works in epistemology such as The Structure of Appearance ( 1951 ), Fact, Fiction, and Forecast ( 1954 ), and numerous articles, most of which are collected in Problems and Projects ( 1972 ). In the 1960s, Goodman's interests shifted toward the “theory of symbols.” Languages of Art ( 1968 ), Of Mind and Other Matters ( 1984 ), and Reconceptions in Philosophy and Other Arts and Sciences ( 1988 , written with Catherine Elgin ) address a wide range of semiotic...

Nelson Goodman

Nelson Goodman (1906–98)   Reference library

Francis Crick

Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
115 words

...Nelson Goodman 1906 – 98 American philosopher For if as scientists we seek simplicity, then obviously we try the simplest surviving theory first, and retreat from it only when it proves false. Not this course, but any other, requires explanation. If you want to go somewhere quickly, and several alternate routes are equally likely to be open, no one asks why you take the shortest. The simplest theory is to be chosen not because it is the most likely to be true but because it is scientifically the most rewarding among equally likely alternatives. We aim...

Goodman, Henry Nelson

Goodman, Henry Nelson (1906–98)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,982 words

...Phil “ Aesthetics and Worldmaking: An Exchange with Nelson Goodman, ” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 39 (1981): 249–80. Symposium of essays about Goodman. D’Orey, Carmo . A exemplificação na arte: um estudo sobre Nelson Goodman (Lisbon, 1999). Douglas, Mary , and David Hull . How Classification Works: Nelson Goodman among the Social Sciences (Edinburgh, 1992). Elgin, Catherine Z. With Reference to Reference (Indianapolis, 1983). Elgin, Catherine Z , The Philosophy of Nelson Goodman: Selected Essays , 4 vols (New York, 1997). Fischer, H....

Nelson Goodman

Nelson Goodman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1906–98)American philosopher. Born in Massachusetts and educated at Harvard, Goodman was an art dealer in Boston from 1929–41, and held positions at Pennsylvania and Brandeis before becoming ...
Goodman's paradox

Goodman's paradox  

A paradox of induction (1). Suppose that someone notes that all emeralds that have ever been observed are green, and argues inductively to conclude that all emeralds are green. Now suppose we define ...
entrenchment

entrenchment  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A predicate is entrenched if it is true as a matter of historical fact that it has been used to formulate true predictions. Goodman argued that this is the only property separating well-behaved, ...
Languages of Art

Languages of Art  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(1968).A work by Nelson Goodman that has had a growing influence on semiotic thinking, Languages of Art: An Approach to a Theory of Symbols incited controversy with its refutation ...
Kendall Walton

Kendall Walton  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1939– ).American philosopher. Walton's work in philosophical aesthetics makes him one of the most influential thinkers in that field since Monroe Beardsley and Nelson Goodman. One of Walton's early ...
allographic

allographic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Term introduced by Goodman to describe works of art such as pieces of music or literary texts where there can be multiple copies, each of which is equally an instance of the work. The contrast is ...
innocent eye

innocent eye  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A term used by Gombrich and the American philosopher Nelson Goodman (1906–98) to refer to a common assumption that images do not need to be read, whereas Gombrich stressed ‘the beholder's share’: ...
Paul Goodman

Paul Goodman  

(1911–72),New York psychoanalyst and author, whose writings include Growing Up Absurd (1960), an intense personal and sociological attack on the “eclectic, sensational,… phony” U.S. culture and its ...
reflective equilibrium

reflective equilibrium  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A state in which all one's thoughts about a topic fit together; in which there are no loose ends or recalcitrant elements that do not cohere with an overall position. The term is associated with ...
Sylvain Bromberger

Sylvain Bromberger  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1924–)Sylvain Brombergerwas born on 7 July 1924 in Antwerp, Belgium, where his parents had moved from Poland. His entire family fled Belgium when the Nazis invaded in 1940. They ...
Definition of Art

Definition of Art  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
It is not atypical for the question “What is art?” to arise when an object or event purporting to be art seems significantly unlike paradigmatic instances of art. In such ...
William Thomas Valeria Fontaine

William Thomas Valeria Fontaine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1909–68)William Thomas Fontaine was born on 2 December 1909 in Chester, Pennsylvania, an industrial town on the Delaware River, south of Philadelphia. He received a BA from Lincoln University ...

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