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Overview

Nazi

Subject: History

A member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party(NSDAP), Adolf Hitler's political party. adj.of or about the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP). a ...

Nazism

Nazism   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
617 words

... The political ideology and program of the National Socialist German Workers Party—better known as the Nazi party. The Nazi party was founded in 1919 in partial emulation of the Italian Fascist party ( see fascism ). In 1933 , the Nazis and their allies received more than 50 percent of the vote in what proved to be the final election of the Weimar Republic (the Nazis alone polled 44.5 percent). Under Adolf Hitler , the German government became known as the Third Reich. Hitler ruled from 1933 until its defeat by the Allied forces in 1945 . As a...

Nazism

Nazism   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,300 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the Nazi state. The failure to centralize and effectively organize the German economy for wartime production weakened German resistance, as did Hitler's ever-increasing centralization of power and poor military decisions. Defeat in World War II largely ended the Nazi movement. Many remaining Nazi leaders were tried for war crimes, and the party was banned as West Germany emerged as a postwar entity. Neo-Nazi movements have surfaced however, both in Germany and elsewhere, and authoritarian leaders in some other regions have referred to aspects of the Nazi...

Nazism, sport in

Nazism, sport in   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
175 words

..., sport in Sport featured in the political strategies of the German National Socialist (Nazi) Party in several ways: as a way of building physical strength in the country's citizens (‘strength through joy’ was a slogan of the party); as a means of asserting the physical superiority of the white Aryan race (foiled by various successful black achievements in the boxing ring and in the athletics stadium, for instance); and as a statement of the organizational and technical prowess and modernity of the German Reich (in the appropriation of the Berlin 1936 ...

Nazism

Nazism   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
86 words

... • chasm , spasm • enthusiasm • orgasm • sarcasm • ectoplasm • cytoplasm • iconoclasm • cataplasm • pleonasm • phantasm • besom • dirigisme • abysm , arrivisme, chrism, chrisom, ism, prism, schism • Shiism , theism • Maoism , Taoism • egoism • truism • Babism • cubism • sadism • nudism • Sufism • ageism • holism • cataclysm • monism • papism • verism • aneurysm • purism • Nazism • sexism • racism • paroxysm • autism • macrocosm • microcosm •...

Nazism

Nazism noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
76 words
Nazism

Nazism noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
72 words
Nazism

Nazism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The political ideology and program of the National Socialist German Workers Party—better known as the Nazi party. The Nazi party was founded in 1919 in partial emulation of the Italian ...
Nazi

Nazi   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The shortened form of Nationalsozialist (‘National Socialist’), the name given to Adolf Hitler’s party. See also führer ; hitlerism ; mein kampf ; night of the long knives ; swastika...

Nazi

Nazi   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
386 words

...sense of nationalism, inflamed by hatred of the humiliating terms inflicted on Germany in the Versailles Peace Settlement . The Nazi’s declared their views were supported by the racist theories of the Comte de Gobineau , the national fervour of Heinrich von Treitschke, and the superman theories of Friedrich Nietzsche. Nazi beliefs were given dogmatic expression in Hitler’s Mein Kampf ( 1925 ). The success of the Nazis in dominating completely what had previously been regarded as a civilized country is to some extent explained by the widespread...

Nazi

Nazi   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... (= [1] an adherent to the tenets of Adolf Hitler 's National Socialist Party in Germany ( 1933–1945 ), or [2] someone who exercises authority with excessive strictness and cruelty) is pronounced / naht -see/ or (in old-fashioned films, etc.) / nat -see/ —but never / nah -zee/ or / naz -ee/...

Nazi

Nazi   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... a member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP), Adolf Hitler 's political party. adj. of or about the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP). a contraction of the first word of the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei...

Nazi

Nazi   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... , acronym formed from NAtionalsoZIalist, the first word of the official title of Hitler's party, the Nationalsozialistische deutsche Arbeiterpartei, or NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers' Party), which was founded in 1919 . See Germany ,...

Boni, Nazi

Boni, Nazi (1912–69)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
45 words

...Nazi ( 1912–69 ). Novelist , politician , and député in the French National Assembly. Born in Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), he was author of a widely admired historical novel tracing 300 years of life in an African village, Crépuscule des temps anciens ( 1962 ). Peter...

Nazi science

Nazi science   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
1,120 words

...Nazi physics, the extent of Nazi influence has been revealed and the difference between “science in the Third Reich” and “Nazi science” has diminished. Under Hitler , nearly all areas of science, technology, and medicine, and indeed of scholarship in general, were influenced by the Nazi regime in content, practice, policy, or administration. Historians have tried to understand how and why sciences not obviously relevant to National Socialism still became more or less Nazified in content or approach. Nazi science is thus one of the most important historical...

Nazi Party

Nazi Party   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
407 words

.... By 5 July 1933 all other parties had been disbanded. Throughout the next twelve years increasing pressure was exercised to encourage Nazi membership, so that by 1945 more than eight million people had joined. Nevertheless, the party's true popularity has been a subject of intense historical controversy, as individual members' motives for joining were diverse and not always ideological. What is clear is that the Nazi party's support was always lower than, and often distinct from, the widespread adulation for Hitler himself. The party was dissolved and...

Nazi architecture

Nazi architecture   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
336 words

... architecture Architecture of the Hitlerian Third Reich in Germany ( 1933–45 ), basically of three types: a stripped Neo-Classicism , as in works by Kreis and Speer ; a vernacular style drawing on rural and especially Alpine types; and a simple, utilitarian, industrialized type for factories. Speer’s master-plan for the north–south axis of Berlin ( 1937–45 ) was unrealized, although his New Chancellery, Berlin (1938–9—demolished), was a fine essay in stripped Classicism with an ingenious plan. March ’s impressive Olympic Stadium, Berlin ( 1934–6 ),...

Nazi ideology

Nazi ideology   Reference library

Richard Overy

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... ideology . The outbreak and course of the war were profoundly influenced by the ideological outlook of the Nazi leadership. Nazi ideology aimed at the building of a new social order in Germany to prepare the German nation for fighting; it laid emphasis on the racial or biological character of politics; and it contained the view that only through conflict with other races and nations could Germany prove itself worthy to establish a new German empire. The ideas produced by Nazism were not particularly novel. They were derived from vulgar ideas about race and...

sport in Nazism

sport in Nazism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Sport featured in the political strategies of the German National Socialist (Nazi) Party in several ways: as a way of building physical strength in the country's citizens (‘strength through joy’ was ...
Nazi Low Riders

Nazi Low Riders   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
68 words

... Low Riders A white gang and a neo-Nazi group based on the streets and in prison. They have the strongest presence in California but are found in other states. The Nazi Low Riders embrace racism and have links to the prison gang the Aryan Brotherhood . However, some non-whites have been known to be members. Further reading: B. Sanders , Gangs: An Introduction (Oxford, 2016)....

Nazi–Soviet Pact

Nazi–Soviet Pact (23 August 1939)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
92 words

...–Soviet Pact ( 23 August 1939 ) A military agreement signed in Moscow between Germany and the Soviet Union. It renounced warfare between the two countries and pledged neutrality by either party if the other were attacked by a third party. Each signatory promised not to join any grouping of powers that was “directly or indirectly aimed at the other party”. The pact also contained secret protocols whereby the dictators agreed to divide Poland between them and the Soviet Union was given a free hand to deal with the Baltic states....

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